RemoteCertificateValidationCallback Delegat

Definition

Überprüft das für die Authentifizierung verwendete SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)-Remotezertifikat.

public delegate bool RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(System::Object ^ sender, X509Certificate ^ certificate, X509Chain ^ chain, SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors);
public delegate bool RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(object sender, X509Certificate? certificate, X509Chain? chain, SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors);
public delegate bool RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(object sender, X509Certificate certificate, X509Chain chain, SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors);
type RemoteCertificateValidationCallback = delegate of obj * X509Certificate * X509Chain * SslPolicyErrors -> bool
Public Delegate Function RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(sender As Object, certificate As X509Certificate, chain As X509Chain, sslPolicyErrors As SslPolicyErrors) As Boolean 

Parameter

sender
Object

Ein Objekt mit Zustandsinformationen für diese Validierung.

certificate
X509Certificate

Das zum Authentifizieren der Remoteseite verwendete Zertifikat.

chain
X509Chain

Die Kette der dem Remotezertifikat zugeordneten Zertifizierungsstellen.

sslPolicyErrors
SslPolicyErrors

Ein oder mehrere Fehler, die dem Remotezertifikat zugeordnet sind.

Rückgabewert

Boolean

Ein Boolean-Wert, der bestimmt, ob das angegebene Zertifikat für die Authentifizierung akzeptiert wird.

Beispiele

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird eine Methode implementiert, die von einer Instanz der RemoteCertificateValidationCallback -Klasse aufgerufen wird. Wenn Validierungsfehler auftreten, zeigt diese Methode diese an und gibt zurück false, wodurch die Kommunikation mit dem nicht authentifizierten Server verhindert wird.

    // Load a table of errors that might cause 
    // the certificate authentication to fail.
    static void InitializeCertificateErrors()
    {
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0101,
            "The certification has expired.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0104,
            "A path length constraint "
            "in the certification chain has been violated.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0105,
            "A certificate contains an unknown extension "
            "that is marked critical.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0107,
            "A parent of a given certificate in fact "
            "did not issue that child certificate.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0108,
            "A certificate is missing or has an empty value "
            "for a necessary field.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0109,
            "The certificate root is not trusted.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B010C,
            "The certificate has been revoked.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B010F,
            "The name in the certificate does not not match "
            "the host name requested by the client.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0111,
            "The certificate was explicitly marked "
            "as untrusted by the user.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0112,
            "A certification chain processed correctly, "
            "but one of the CA certificates is not trusted.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0113,
            "The certificate has an invalid policy.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x800B0114,
            "The certificate name is either not "
            "in the permitted list or is explicitly excluded.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80092012,
            "The revocation function was unable to check "
            "revocation for the certificate.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80090327,
            "An unknown error occurred while "
            "processing the certificate.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096001,
            "A system-level error occurred "
            "while verifying trust.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096002,
            "The certificate for the signer of the message "
            "is invalid or not found.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096003,
            "One of the counter signatures was invalid.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096004,
            "The signature of the certificate "
            "cannot be verified.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096005,
            "The time stamp signature or certificate "
            "could not be verified or is malformed.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096010,
            "The digital signature of the object "
            "was not verified.");
        certificateErrors->Add(0x80096019,
            "The basic constraint extension of a certificate "
            "has not been observed.");
    }

    static String^ CertificateErrorDescription(UInt32 problem)
    {
        // Initialize the error message dictionary 
        // if it is not yet available.
        if (certificateErrors->Count == 0)
        {
            InitializeCertificateErrors();
        }

        String^ description = safe_cast<String^>(
            certificateErrors[problem]);
        if (description == nullptr)
        {
            description = String::Format(
                CultureInfo::CurrentCulture,
                "Unknown certificate error - 0x{0:x8}",
                problem);
        }

        return description;
    }

public:
    // The following method is invoked 
    // by the CertificateValidationDelegate.
static bool ValidateServerCertificate(
        Object^ sender,
        X509Certificate^ certificate,
        X509Chain^ chain,
        SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors)
    {
    
        Console::WriteLine("Validating the server certificate.");
        if (sslPolicyErrors == SslPolicyErrors::None)
            return true;

        Console::WriteLine("Certificate error: {0}", sslPolicyErrors);

        // Do not allow this client to communicate with unauthenticated servers.
        return false;
    }

// The following method is invoked by the RemoteCertificateValidationDelegate.
public static bool ValidateServerCertificate(
      object sender,
      X509Certificate certificate,
      X509Chain chain,
      SslPolicyErrors sslPolicyErrors)
{
   if (sslPolicyErrors == SslPolicyErrors.None)
        return true;

    Console.WriteLine("Certificate error: {0}", sslPolicyErrors);

    // Do not allow this client to communicate with unauthenticated servers.
    return false;
}

Im folgenden Codebeispiel wird der Delegat mithilfe der im vorherigen Codebeispiel definierten Methode erstellt.

// Create a TCP/IP client socket.
// machineName is the host running the server application.
TcpClient^ client = gcnew TcpClient(machineName, 5000);
Console::WriteLine("Client connected.");
  
// Create an SSL stream that will close 
// the client's stream.
SslStream^ sslStream = gcnew SslStream(
    client->GetStream(), false,
    gcnew RemoteCertificateValidationCallback(ValidateServerCertificate),
    nullptr);
  
// The server name must match the name
// on the server certificate.
try
{
    sslStream->AuthenticateAsClient(serverName);
}
catch (AuthenticationException^ ex) 
{
    Console::WriteLine("Exception: {0}", ex->Message);
    if (ex->InnerException != nullptr)
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Inner exception: {0}", 
            ex->InnerException->Message);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("Authentication failed - "
        "closing the connection.");
    sslStream->Close();
    client->Close();
    return;
}
// Create a TCP/IP client socket.
// machineName is the host running the server application.
TcpClient client = new TcpClient(machineName,5000);
Console.WriteLine("Client connected.");
// Create an SSL stream that will close the client's stream.
SslStream sslStream = new SslStream(
    client.GetStream(),
    false,
    new RemoteCertificateValidationCallback (ValidateServerCertificate),
    null
    );
// The server name must match the name on the server certificate.
try
{
    sslStream.AuthenticateAsClient(serverName);
}
catch (AuthenticationException e)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Exception: {0}", e.Message);
    if (e.InnerException != null)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Inner exception: {0}", e.InnerException.Message);
    }
    Console.WriteLine ("Authentication failed - closing the connection.");
    client.Close();
    return;
}

Hinweise

Das Argument des sslPolicyErrors Delegaten enthält alle Zertifikatfehler, die von SSPI beim Authentifizieren des Clients oder Servers zurückgegeben werden. Der Boolean Wert, der von der methode zurückgegeben wird, die von diesem Delegat aufgerufen wird, bestimmt, ob die Authentifizierung erfolgreich sein darf.

Dieser Delegat wird mit der SslStream -Klasse verwendet.

Erweiterungsmethoden

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Ruft ein Objekt ab, das die Methode darstellt, die vom angegebenen Delegaten dargestellt wird.

Gilt für

Siehe auch