In my experience, this is a general error. To narrow down the problem, we need more information.
1, Please help upload full ccmsetup.log and ccm.log for our reference.
2, Please help confirm that these clients meet the following prerequisites:
From SCCM Site Server, we should be able to connect to clients Admin$ share (c:\windows directory of client).
From SCCM Site Server, we should be able to connect to clients WMI.
(Note: Both prerequisites have already been achieved by a Group Policy created for client.)
Some other settings are required before pushing the clients please refer to this link:
Note: Microsoft provides third-party contact information to help you understand the problem. This contact information may change without notice. Microsoft does not guarantee the accuracy of this third-party contact information.
Looking forward to your feedback.