Disk subsystem diagnostics

Андрей Михалевский 2,346 Reputation points

Hi. Please explain how to diagnose a file system for performance. There are a lot of counters, a lot of values, I don't understand how to analyze them. Are there any ready systems, scripts that get values, analyze and tell where the problem is ? Any recommendations, blogs ?

Windows Server
Windows Server
A family of Microsoft server operating systems that support enterprise-level management, data storage, applications, and communications.
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  1. Wesley Li-MSFT 4,036 Reputation points Microsoft Vendor


    Diagnosing a file system for performance can be a complex task as it involves understanding various metrics and how they interact with each other. Here are some general steps you can follow:

    Understand the Metrics: File system performance can be affected by a variety of factors such as I/O operations, CPU usage, memory usage, network latency, and more. Understanding these metrics and how they impact performance is crucial.

    Use Diagnostic Tools: There are several tools available that can help diagnose file system performance. For example, vmstat reports on processes, memory, paging, block I/O, interrupts, and CPU activity across the entire system iostat reports on I/O device load in your system blktrace provides detailed information about how time is spent in the I/O subsystem.

    Benchmarking: Benchmarking with tools like fio can help test I/O performance. This test should be run both on the NFS server and on the application nodes that talk to the NFS server.

    Analyze the Results: Once you have collected the data, the next step is to analyze it. Look for any anomalies or metrics that are outside their normal range. This might indicate a problem.

    As for ready systems or scripts, while there are some available, they often need to be tailored to your specific environment and use case. For example, GitLab provides information on how to benchmark file system performance.

    For further reading, you might find the following blogs helpful:

    “File System Testing – A Sneak Peak” by Calsoft provides a good overview of file system testing.

    GitLab’s blog on “File system performance benchmarking” provides a detailed guide on how to benchmark file system performance.

    AWS’s guide on “Troubleshooting file system performance issues” provides useful information on diagnosing performance problems related to the file system.

    Remember, diagnosing file system performance can be a complex task and it might take some time to fully understand all the metrics and how they interact with each other. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t understand everything right away. It’s a learning process. Good luck!

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