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It's firstly recommended to examine the smsts.log on the target system to see if there is any further information. Please refer to:
SCCM: How to copy SMSTS.log when a Task Sequence fails
If possible, please recreate a reference from a workgroup reference computer:
SCCM 2012 - Capturing an Image
How to Capture an Image from a Reference Computer Manually
Please note: The links are not from Microsoft, just for your reference. Thanks for your time.
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