Boot Drive Included in Storage Spaces

Glenn Roe 16 Reputation points
2021-06-29T19:22:12.657+00:00

I have gone through layers of support and the community and no one has ever even heard of Storages Spaces.

I have one simple question, Can I create a Storage Spaces pool with just the boot drive and an empty drive, mirror it and boot from it successfully work.

Windows Server Storage
Windows Server Storage
Windows Server: A family of Microsoft server operating systems that support enterprise-level management, data storage, applications, and communications.Storage: The hardware and software system used to retain data for subsequent retrieval.
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  1. Glenn Roe 16 Reputation points
    2021-06-30T03:30:45.33+00:00

    I am trying to set up a RAID 1 with boot drive included. Storage Spaces doesn't seem to refer to it as a RAID. It is just called a two way mirror.
    So can I use Storage Spaces (not RAID from the disk management) to set up a 2 way mirror and have it boot?
    Storage Spaces is set up from the windows search bar by typing "Storage Spaces".
    I spent hours with level 1 and level 2 MS support and it was obvious they had never heard of it.

    1 person found this answer helpful.

  2. Glenn Roe 16 Reputation points
    2021-06-30T09:09:18.82+00:00

    i will do that but I find it odd for something that has been in use for years and no one knows the answer to a simple question.

    1 person found this answer helpful.

  3. Yuhan Deng 3,761 Reputation points Microsoft Vendor
    2021-06-30T02:57:35.007+00:00

    Hi,
    Based on my understanding,
    Generally, no - you can't boot from a software RAID volume because the BIOS/UEFI/etc don't know anything about it. Your OS bootloader file might get striped across multiple physical drives and even if the BIOS/UEFI/etc could find the beginning of it (say if it happened to start in the expected location), it would have no idea how to find the rest.

    One exception sometimes is software RAID-1 - Windows will let you set this up for your boot drive. If the first disk dies, you can have the system boot from the other. But again, since the BIOS/UEFI/etc aren't aware they can't take action automatically. If the first drive gets corrupted, the system may well just hang on boot and there would be no automatic failover to the remaining good drive.

    Thanks for your understanding.
    Best regards,
    Danny

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  4. MeanGun 0 Reputation points
    2023-11-16T01:13:17.2666667+00:00

    Since this is somewhat related and my search for answers brought me here, I'll revive this thread.

    As mentioned, you cannot boot from storage spaces, no way around that, but you can do the next best thing:

    You can get Windows Server to [UEFI] boot from a software RAID 1 and use the remaining unpartitioned space in storage spaces however you like.

    My setup: 4 x 1TB NVME drives that I want to boot Windows Server 2022 from; no other disks in that system. OS needs to be mirrored. Data on storage spaces virtual disks.

    **
    DISCLAIMER:

    Before you start should have proficient knowledge about windows software raid and storage spaces, and you should know how to clone disks. Best create a VM and play around – that’s what I did. Caveat: If one of the disks fails you might need to manually select another plex in boot manager and or BIOS upon boot.
    Everything that is done here in disk manager can be done using diskpart of course. I’m aware this process can be optimized + streamlined, but I couldn’t be bothered to test that, and this worked for me.

    DO NOT BLINDLY COPY + PASTE !**

    So here’s a loose how-to, assuming you have a setup with 4 drives:

    1. Install Windows Server on one of the disks, let’s call it A; leave disks B,C,D alone for now. During setup, create a partition, say 128GB and install it into that partition. In my case that should leave plenty of unpartitioned space on A.
      Boot into Windows, finish up with the basics, don’t do more than that for now (do the rest when finished here).
    2. Boot a Linux ISO, and clone the disk you initially installed windows server to, onto the remaining 4 disks. Alternatively use any other tools you have. You should now have 4 identical disks. it's probably enough to clone the first 1 GB of the disk, and just fix the GPT backup.
    3. Boot into your Windows Server, open disk manager. You should see your boot drive + 3 clones, with the 3 clones marked as offline because of UUID conflicts.
    4. Resolve UUID disk conflicts using dispart, do this for every offline disk; replace <?> with disk number.
      read detailed how-to here: https://infohub.delltechnologies.com/l/dell-powerstore-microsoft-hyper-v-best-practices/change-a-disk-id-with-diskpart-3/ DISKPART>
      select disk <?> uniqueid disk uniqueid disk id=<newid>
    5. open Disk Manager, set all offline disks to online; delete all clones (only the clones) of the system partition on your disks B,C,D, leave EFI FAT32 and recovery partitions alone. You should now have the original disk A with your 128GB system partition and 3 disks B,C,D with a “hole” of 128GB in the partition table.
    6. in Disk Manager, right click your system partition on disk A, select “create mirror” and go through the creation wizard, selecting all 3 disks as mirrors. The drives will be converted to dynamic drives – that’s ok. The original system partition is now being cloned into the correct places on drives B,C,D, with all other partitions around it untouched. Wait for this process to finish.
    7. Windows will automatically fix the boot loader on drive A to show the other windows installs (plex 2,3,4) on the mirrored partitions. However, you it will not fix the boot loader on the other drives, so we need to do that manually.
    8. fix the boot loader on drives B,C,D so you can boot from any of them in case of a faulty drive. easiest way for me was to (again) use a Linux ISO to boot and clone the FAT32 EFI partition from drive A to B,C,D - overwriting it there on those drives.
    9. At this point, you should be able to boot from any of the drives. Windows software RAID will only keep the system drive synced across the disks, the EFI partition and recovery partitions will not be touched by it. If you make any changes to those partitions (usually never happens), you will need to sync (read: clone) them manually.
    10. Let the fun begin: you can now create a storage spaces storage pool across all disks A,B,C,D in the remaining empty, unpartitioned space of those disks and configure it to your liking. I used powershell for that, for example:
    $SubSysName = (Get-StorageSubSystem).FriendlyName
    
    New-StoragePool -FriendlyName SP0 -StorageSubsystemFriendlyName $SubSysName -PhysicalDisks (Get-PhysicalDisk | Where-Object FriendlyName -like *)
    
    New-VirtualDisk -StoragePoolFriendlyName SP0 -FriendlyName VD0 -ResiliencySettingName Mirror -NumberOfDataCopies 2 -ProvisioningType Fixed -Verbose -NumberOfColumns 2 -Size 256GB
    
    ## [ … create more storage spaces virtual disks or whatever you need ] ##
    
    1. disk manager should now show a new partition in the previously unpartitioned space on your drives. It’s a protective partition with storage spaces inside. aside from that, you should now also see your storage spaces virtual disks that you can either mount or use in hyper-v VMs, in case you created some right away).

    Here's a screenshot of disk manager on my test VM with 2 x 64 GB disks. I used all the empty space that remained to create one storage spaces virtual disk.
    WhatsApp Image 2023-11-16 at 00.55.13_1bb20744

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  5. Bernhard Enders 0 Reputation points
    2024-04-19T12:46:01.3566667+00:00

    It's simply unbelievable that Microsoft allows us to install Windows 11 on a (storage spaces) pool partition if we can't boot from it, just waste of time!

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