Theoretically yes. Linux doesn't have a Microsoft client application, there is a software development kit to develop your own application for Linux but as far as it is supportede. There is also a web client that supports audio redirection so you can use this to access the platform from a web browser on a Linux OS. See client redirection features here. https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server/remote/remote-desktop-services/clients/remote-desktop-app-compare#other-redirection-devices-etc
Windows 365 and Azure Virtual Desktop use the same clients to access their service.