Azure GPU Tensorflow Step-by-Step Setup
The following guide has been developed in collaboration with my colleague at Microsoft Christine Matheney and our work at Oxford and Stanford University.
- This guide will walk you through running your code on GPUs in Azure.
- Before we start, it cannot be stressed enough: do not leave the VM running when you are not using it see the following blog on tips for automating and shutting down VMs to save costs.
- The expected time from start to finish is 1-2 hours.
- The most time consuming part will be downloading and installing NVIDIA drivers, CUDA and Tensorflow this guides and repo installs TensorFlow 1.0.
- As an administrator (Lead TA/RA or Academic) you need to grant/remove access for an individual (student) follow the directions here and setting up Azure at your institution
- Do not install updates using: sudo apt-get install --upgrade This might break the CUDA driver installation if the kernel is updated.
- If you need to attach additional storage or a larger disk to your VM see. /en-us/azure/virtual-machines/virtual-machines-linux-classic-attach-disk
- To check available disk space Run df -h to see which disks have free space.
- Please only store your data to the attached disk. The temporary disk provided on Azure VMs are not available to store persistent data.
- Problems connecting (e.g., using SSH) to the VM
- Try ping <vm’s ip address>
- Try ssh to the VM
- Try restarting the VM and/or your local machine
- If all of the previous steps fail, file an Azure support ticket via https://portal.azure.com
Creating a Microsoft account
- You should have received an email to your inbox with an invitation to join the Azure subscription from your Azure Administrator.
- Please follow the instructions using the email address that received this invitation.
Logging into Azure portal
- Once you have created your account, log in to Azure at: https://portal.azure.com
- After logging in, you should reach the dashboard page.
- If you have multiple subscriptions (e.g., you previously signed up for a free one), you must select the name of your institution. by clicking in the top right quarter. If no such option appears please contact your Azure Admin.
Create a VM
- Once you are logged in, click on the + on the left. Select Ubuntu Server 16.04 LTS.
- You will be presented withe VM Image details simply Click Create.
Fill in the name, user, etc for your VM. You must change the storage type from SSD to HDD. Also, you must use the region that is available for NC or NV
For info NV and NC are available in the below regions
North Central US
South Central US
South East Asia
South Central US
Regarding the question of running GPU compute for deep learning on NV-Series, the GPU team has indicated that is not recommended. Bottom line is: Big GPU Computes (like deep learning) should only be done on NC-Series. NV is for visualization and graphics. See this blog for more details on NV vs NC series
- View all (click the button) of the options and select an appropriate NV or NC Series series server for your workload. By scrolling through the list. If NV or NC does not show up, then you probably chose the wrong region or have selected a SSD not a HDD, in the previous page Step 1 Basic.
- If you do not select NV/NC options, then you are not using a GPU instance and the setup scripts later will fail.
- Select the appropriate VM Size and Click OK.
- Wait for the configuration to validate and then click OK.
Using the VM
Finding your VM
Login to https://portal.azure.com Click all resources and select your VM. Our subscription has many, but yours will only have one if you just followed the setup instructions.
Spinning up your VM
If you just completed the previous part and the VM has finished deploying, then your VM should be running already.
Connecting (SSH) to your VM
Once your VM is started (it may take a few minutes). Click connect and follow the instructions.
Stopping your VM
- Once you are done working, stop your VM. see this blog on tips for stopping/shutting down VMs
- Make sure your VM is fully stopped. If you see “stopped still incurring compute charges”, you must hit stop again.
Completing CUDA/Tensorflow setup
- You will need to SSH into your VM.
##Installing CUDA and Tensorflow dependencies.
There are two scripts that you will need to run and your VM will need to reboot in the between running them.
First, in your VM do:
git clone https://github.com/leestott/Azure-GPU-Setup.git
You should see the following if you use
Run gpu-setup-part1.sh using the following command:
This will install some libraries, fetch and install NVIDIA drivers, and trigger a reboot. (The command will take some time to run.)
Once your VM has finished restarting.
SSH into the VM again. Navigate to the azure-gpu-setup directory again. Run the command:
This script installs the CUDA toolkit, CUDNN, and Tensorflow. It also sets the required environment variables. Once the script finishes, we must do:
This ensures that the shell will use the updated environment variables. Now, to test that Tensorflow and the GPU is properly configured, run the gpu test script by executing:
Filing a support ticket
- Click on the help icon in the left sidebar and select new support request.
- Follow the on screen instructions.
We highly suggest the following for using the GPU instances:
- Develop and debug your code locally and use scp to copy your code to the VM to run for the long training steps.
- Save your work often and keep a local copy.
- Be mindful of when your instance is running and shut it off when you are not actively using it.