ASP.NET Core Blazor Hybrid

This article explains ASP.NET Core Blazor Hybrid, a way to build interactive client-side web UI with .NET in an ASP.NET Core app.

Use Blazor Hybrid to blend desktop and mobile native client frameworks with .NET and Blazor.

In a Blazor Hybrid app, Razor components run natively on the device. Components render to an embedded Web View control through a local interop channel. Components don't run in the browser, and WebAssembly isn't involved. Razor components load and execute code quickly, and components have full access to the native capabilities of the device through the .NET platform. Component styles rendered in a Web View are platform dependent and may require you to account for rendering differences across platforms using custom stylesheets.

Blazor Hybrid articles cover subjects pertaining to integrating Razor components into native client frameworks.

Blazor Hybrid apps with .NET MAUI

Blazor Hybrid support is built into the .NET Multi-platform App UI (.NET MAUI) framework. .NET MAUI includes the BlazorWebView control that permits rendering Razor components into an embedded Web View. By using .NET MAUI and Blazor together, you can reuse one set of web UI components across mobile, desktop, and web.

Blazor Hybrid apps with WPF and Windows Forms

Blazor Hybrid apps can be built with Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) and Windows Forms. Blazor provides BlazorWebView controls for both of these frameworks (WPF BlazorWebView, Windows Forms BlazorWebView). Razor components run natively in the Windows desktop and render to an embedded Web View. Using Blazor in WPF and Windows Forms enables you to add new UI to your existing Windows desktop apps that can be reused across platforms with .NET MAUI or on the web.

Web View configuration

Blazor Hybrid exposes the underlying Web View configuration for different platforms through events of the BlazorWebView control:

  • BlazorWebViewInitializing provides access to the settings used to create the Web View on each platform, if settings are available.
  • BlazorWebViewInitialized provides access to the Web View to allow further configuration of the settings.

Use the preferred patterns on each platform to attach event handlers to the events to execute your custom code.

API documentation:

Unhandled exceptions in Windows Forms and WPF apps

This section only applies to Windows Forms and WPF Blazor Hybrid apps.

Create a callback for UnhandledException on the System.AppDomain.CurrentDomain property. The following example uses a compiler directive to display a MessageBox that either alerts the user that an error has occurred or shows the error information to the developer. Log the error information in error.ExceptionObject.

AppDomain.CurrentDomain.UnhandledException += (sender, error) =>
{
#if DEBUG
    MessageBox.Show(text: error.ExceptionObject.ToString(), caption: "Error");
#else
    MessageBox.Show(text: "An error has occurred.", caption: "Error");
#endif
    
    // Log the error information (error.ExceptionObject)
};

Globalization and localization

This section only applies to .NET MAUI Blazor Hybrid apps.

.NET MAUI configures the CurrentCulture and CurrentUICulture based on the device's ambient information.

IStringLocalizer and other API in the Microsoft.Extensions.Localization namespace generally work as expected, along with globalization formatting, parsing, and binding that relies on the user's culture.

When dynamically changing the app culture at runtime, the app must be reloaded to reflect the change in culture, which takes care of rerendering the root component and passing the new culture to rerendered child components.

.NET's resource system supports embedding localized images (as blobs) into an app, but Blazor Hybrid can't display the embedded images in Razor components at this time. Even if a user reads an image's bytes into a Stream using ResourceManager, the framework doesn't currently support rendering the retrieved image in a Razor component.

A platform-specific approach to include localized images is a feature of .NET's resource system, but a Razor component's browser elements in a .NET MAUI Blazor Hybrid app aren't able to interact with such images.

For more information, see the following resources:

Additional resources