Tutorial: Deploy applications in AKS hybrid

Applies to: AKS on Azure Stack HCI, AKS on Windows Server

You can build and deploy your own apps and services into a Kubernetes cluster when you're using Azure Kubernetes Service hybrid deployment options ("AKS hybrid"). Kubernetes provides a distributed platform for containerized apps. You can let the cluster manage the availability and connectivity.

This tutorial, part four of seven, describes how you can deploy a sample application into a Kubernetes cluster in AKS. You'll learn how to:

  • Update a Kubernetes manifest file
  • Deploy an application in Kubernetes
  • Test the application

Later tutorials describe how to scale and update this application.

This quickstart assumes a basic understanding of Kubernetes concepts.

Before you begin

Previous tutorials described how to package an application into a container image, and then upload the image to the Azure Container Registry, and create a Kubernetes cluster.

To complete this tutorial, you will need the pre-created azure-vote-all-in-one-redis.yaml Kubernetes manifest file. This file was downloaded with the application source code in a previous tutorial. Verify that you've cloned the repo, and that you have changed directories into the cloned repo. If you haven't done these steps, start with [Tutorial 1 - Create container images][aks-tutorial-prepare-application.md].

This tutorial requires Azure CLI version 2.0.53 or later. Run az --version to find the version. If you need to install or upgrade Azure CLI, see Install Azure CLI.

Update the manifest file

In these tutorials, an Azure Container Registry (ACR) instance stores the container image for the sample application. To deploy the application, you must update the image name in the Kubernetes manifest file to include the ACR login server name.

Get the ACR login server name using the az acr list command as follows:

az acr list --resource-group myResourceGroup --query "[].{acrLoginServer:loginServer}" --output table

The sample manifest file from the git repo cloned in the first tutorial uses the login server name of microsoft. Make sure that you're in the cloned azure-voting-app-redis directory, then open the manifest file with a text editor, such as notepad:

notepad azure-vote-all-in-one-redis.yaml

Replace microsoft with your ACR login server name. The image name is found on line 60 of the manifest file. The following example shows the default image name:

- name: azure-vote-front
  image: mcr.microsoft.com/azuredocs/azure-vote-front:v1

Provide your own ACR login server name so that your manifest file looks like the following example:

- name: azure-vote-front
  image: <acrName>.azurecr.io/azure-vote-front:v1

Save and close the file.

Deploy the application

To deploy your application, use the kubectl apply command. This command parses the manifest file and creates the defined Kubernetes objects. Specify the sample manifest file, as shown in the following example:

kubectl apply -f azure-vote-all-in-one-redis.yaml

The following example output shows the resources successfully created in the AKS cluster:

$ kubectl apply -f azure-vote-all-in-one-redis.yaml

deployment "azure-vote-back" created
service "azure-vote-back" created
deployment "azure-vote-front" created
service "azure-vote-front" created

Test the application

When the application runs, the Kubernetes service exposes the application front end to the internet. This process can take a few minutes to complete.

To monitor progress, use the kubectl get service command with the --watch argument.

kubectl get service azure-vote-front --watch

Initially the EXTERNAL-IP for the azure-vote-front service is shown as pending:

azure-vote-front   LoadBalancer   <pending>     80:30676/TCP   5s

When the EXTERNAL-IP address changes from pending to an actual public IP address, use CTRL-C to stop the kubectl watch process. The following example output shows a valid public IP address assigned to the service:

azure-vote-front   LoadBalancer   80:30676/TCP   67s

To see the application in action, open a web browser to the external IP address of your service:

Screenshot showing the container image Azure Voting App running in an AKS cluster opened in a local web browser

If the application didn't load, it might be due to an authorization problem with your image registry. To view the status of your containers, use the kubectl get pods command. If the container images can't be pulled, see Authenticate with Azure Container Registry from Azure Kubernetes Service.

Next steps

In this tutorial, you deployed a sample Azure vote application to a Kubernetes cluster in AKS hybrid. You learned how to:

  • Update a Kubernetes manifest file
  • Run an application in Kubernetes
  • Test the application

Advance to the next tutorial to learn how to scale a Kubernetes application and the underlying Kubernetes infrastructure.