Train and test your LUIS app

Training is the process of teaching your Language Understanding (LUIS) app to extract intent and entities from user utterances. Training comes after you make updates to the model, such as: adding, editing, labeling, or deleting entities, intents, or utterances.

Training and testing an app is an iterative process. After you train your LUIS app, you test it with sample utterances to see if the intents and entities are recognized correctly. If they're not, you should make updates to the LUIS app, then train and test again.

Training is applied to the active version in the LUIS portal.

How to train interactively

Before you start training your app in the LUIS portal, make sure every intent has at least one utterance. You must train your LUIS app at least once to test it.

  1. Access your app by selecting its name on the My Apps page.
  2. In your app, select Train in the top-right part of the screen.
  3. When training is complete, a notification appears at the top of the browser.

Note

The training dates and times are in GMT + 2.

Start the training process

Tip

You do not need to train after every single change. Training should be done after a group of changes are applied to the model, or if you want to test or publish the app.

To train your app in the LUIS portal, you only need to select the Train button on the top-right corner of the screen.

Training with the REST APIs is a two-step process.

  1. Send an HTTP POST request for training.
  2. Request the training status with an HTTP GET request.

In order to know when training is complete, you must poll the status until all models are successfully trained.

Test Your application

Testing is the process of providing sample utterances to LUIS and getting a response of recognized intents and entities. You can test your LUIS app interactively one utterance at a time, or provide a set of utterances. While testing, you can compare the current active model's prediction response to the published model's prediction response.

Testing an app is an iterative process. After training your LUIS app, test it with sample utterances to see if the intents and entities are recognized correctly. If they're not, make updates to the LUIS app, train, and test again.

Interactive testing

Interactive testing is done from the Test panel of the LUIS portal. You can enter an utterance to see how intents and entities are identified and scored. If LUIS isn't predicting an utterance's intents and entities as you would expect, copy the utterance to the Intent page as a new utterance. Then label parts of that utterance for entities to train your LUIS app.

See batch testing if you are testing more than one utterance at a time, and the Prediction scores article to learn more about prediction scores.

Test an utterance

The test utterance should not be exactly the same as any example utterances in the app. The test utterance should include word choice, phrase length, and entity usage you expect for a user.

  1. Sign in to the LUIS portal, and select your Subscription and Authoring resource to see the apps assigned to that authoring resource.
  2. Open your app by selecting its name on My Apps page.
  3. Select Test in the top-right corner of the screen for your app, and a panel will slide into view.

Train & Test App pag

  1. Enter an utterance in the text box and press the enter button on the keyboard. You can test a single utterance in the Test box, or multiple utterances as a batch in the Batch testing panel.
  2. The utterance, its top intent, and score are added to the list of utterances under the text box. In the above example, this is displayed as 'None (0.43)'.

Inspect the prediction

Inspect the test result details in the Inspect panel.

  1. With the Test panel open, select Inspect for an utterance you want to compare. Inspect is located next to the utterance's top intent and score. Refer to the above image.

  2. The Inspection panel will appear. The panel includes the top scoring intent and any identified entities. The panel shows the prediction of the selected utterance.

Partial screenshot of Test Inspect panel

Tip

From the inspection panel, you can add the test utterance to an intent by selecting Add to example utterances.

Change deterministic training settings using the version settings API

Use the Version settings API with the UseAllTrainingData set to true to turn off deterministic training.

Change deterministic training settings using the LUIS portal

Log into the LUIS portal and click on your app. Select Manage at the top of the screen, then select Settings. Enable or disable the use non-deterministic training option. When disabled, training will use all available data. Training will only use a random sample of data from other intents as negative data when training each intent

A button for enabling or disabling non deterministic training.

View sentiment results

If sentiment analysis is configured on the Publish page, the test results will include the sentiment found in the utterance.

Correct matched pattern's intent

If you are using Patterns and the utterance matched is a pattern, but the wrong intent was predicted, select the Edit link by the pattern and select the correct intent.

Compare with published version

You can test the active version of your app with the published endpoint version. In the Inspect panel, select Compare with published.

Note

Any testing against the published model is deducted from your Azure subscription quota balance.

Compare with published

View endpoint JSON in test panel

You can view the endpoint JSON returned for the comparison by selecting the Show JSON view in the top-right corner of the panel.

Next steps

If testing requires testing a batch of utterances, See batch testing.

If testing indicates that your LUIS app doesn't recognize the correct intents and entities, you can work to improve your LUIS app's accuracy by labeling more utterances or adding features.