Table copy operations on Azure Cosmos DB for Apache Cassandra from Spark

APPLIES TO: Cassandra

This article describes how to copy data between tables in Azure Cosmos DB for Apache Cassandra from Spark. The commands described in this article can also be used to copy data from Apache Cassandra tables to Azure Cosmos DB for Apache Cassandra tables.

API for Cassandra configuration

Set below spark configuration in your notebook cluster. It's one time activity.

 spark.cassandra.connection.port  10350  
 spark.cassandra.connection.ssl.enabled  true  
 spark.cassandra.auth.username  YOUR_ACCOUNT_NAME  
 spark.cassandra.auth.password  YOUR_ACCOUNT_KEY  
// if using Spark 2.x
// spark.cassandra.connection.factory  

//Throughput-related...adjust as needed
 spark.cassandra.output.batch.size.rows  1  
// spark.cassandra.connection.connections_per_executor_max  10   // Spark 2.x
 spark.cassandra.connection.remoteConnectionsPerExecutor  10   // Spark 3.x
 spark.cassandra.output.concurrent.writes  1000  
 spark.cassandra.concurrent.reads  512  
 spark.cassandra.output.batch.grouping.buffer.size  1000  
 spark.cassandra.connection.keep_alive_ms  600000000  


If you are using Spark 3.x, you do not need to install the Azure Cosmos DB helper and connection factory. You should also use remoteConnectionsPerExecutor instead of connections_per_executor_max for the Spark 3 connector (see above).


The Spark 3 samples shown in this article have been tested with Spark version 3.2.1 and the corresponding Cassandra Spark Connector com.datastax.spark:spark-cassandra-connector-assembly_2.12:3.2.0. Later versions of Spark and/or the Cassandra connector may not function as expected.

Insert sample data

import org.apache.spark.sql.cassandra._
//Spark connector
import com.datastax.spark.connector._
import com.datastax.spark.connector.cql.CassandraConnector

//if using Spark 2.x, CosmosDB library for multiple retry

val booksDF = Seq(
   ("b00001", "Arthur Conan Doyle", "A study in scarlet", 1887,11.33),
   ("b00023", "Arthur Conan Doyle", "A sign of four", 1890,22.45),
   ("b01001", "Arthur Conan Doyle", "The adventures of Sherlock Holmes", 1892,19.83),
   ("b00501", "Arthur Conan Doyle", "The memoirs of Sherlock Holmes", 1893,14.22),
   ("b00300", "Arthur Conan Doyle", "The hounds of Baskerville", 1901,12.25)
).toDF("book_id", "book_author", "book_name", "book_pub_year","book_price")

  .options(Map( "table" -> "books", "keyspace" -> "books_ks", "output.consistency.level" -> "ALL", "ttl" -> "10000000"))

Copy data between tables

Copy data between tables (destination table exists)

//1) Create destination table
val cdbConnector = CassandraConnector(sc)
cdbConnector.withSessionDo(session => session.execute("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS books_ks.books_copy(book_id TEXT PRIMARY KEY,book_author TEXT, book_name TEXT,book_pub_year INT,book_price FLOAT) WITH cosmosdb_provisioned_throughput=4000;"))

//2) Read from one table
val readBooksDF = sqlContext
  .options(Map( "table" -> "books", "keyspace" -> "books_ks"))

//3) Save to destination table
  .cassandraFormat("books_copy", "books_ks", "")

//4) Validate copy to destination table
  .options(Map( "table" -> "books_copy", "keyspace" -> "books_ks"))

Copy data between tables (destination table doesn't exist)

import com.datastax.spark.connector._

//1) Read from source table
val readBooksDF = sqlContext
  .options(Map( "table" -> "books", "keyspace" -> "books_ks"))

//2) Creates an empty table in the keyspace based off of source table
val newBooksDF = readBooksDF
    partitionKeyColumns = Some(Seq("book_id"))
    //clusteringKeyColumns = Some(Seq("some column"))

//3) Saves the data from the source table into the newly created table
  .cassandraFormat("books_new", "books_ks","")

//4) Validate table creation and data load
  .options(Map( "table" -> "books_new", "keyspace" -> "books_ks"))

The output-

|book_id|       book_author|           book_name|book_price|book_pub_year|
| b00300|Arthur Conan Doyle|The hounds of Bas...|     12.25|         1901|
| b00001|Arthur Conan Doyle|  A study in scarlet|     11.33|         1887|
| b00023|Arthur Conan Doyle|      A sign of four|     22.45|         1890|
| b00501|Arthur Conan Doyle|The memoirs of Sh...|     14.22|         1893|
| b01001|Arthur Conan Doyle|The adventures of...|     19.83|         1892|

import com.datastax.spark.connector._
readBooksDF: org.apache.spark.sql.DataFrame = [book_id: string, book_author: string ... 3 more fields]
newBooksDF: org.apache.spark.sql.DataFrame = [book_id: string, book_author: string ... 3 more fields]

Next steps