Quickstart: Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL library for Java


Get started with the Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL client library for Java to query data in your containers and perform common operations on individual items. Follow these steps to deploy a minimal solution to your environment using the Azure Developer CLI.

API reference documentation | Library source code | Package (Maven) | Azure Developer CLI


Setting up

Deploy this project's development container to your environment. Then, use the Azure Developer CLI (azd) to create an Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL account and deploy a containerized sample application. The sample application uses the client library to manage, create, read, and query sample data.

Open in GitHub Codespaces

Open in Dev Container


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  1. Open a terminal in the root directory of the project.

  2. Authenticate to the Azure Developer CLI using azd auth login. Follow the steps specified by the tool to authenticate to the CLI using your preferred Azure credentials.

    azd auth login
  3. Use azd init to initialize the project.

    azd init --template cosmos-db-nosql-java-quickstart


    This quickstart uses the azure-samples/cosmos-db-nosql-java-quickstart template GitHub repository. The Azure Developer CLI will automatically clone this project to your machine if it is not already there.

  4. During initialization, configure a unique environment name.


    The environment name will also be used as the target resource group name. For this quickstart, consider using msdocs-cosmos-db.

  5. Deploy the Azure Cosmos DB account using azd up. The Bicep templates also deploy a sample web application.

    azd up
  6. During the provisioning process, select your subscription and desired location. Wait for the provisioning process to complete. The process can take approximately five minutes.

  7. Once the provisioning of your Azure resources is done, a URL to the running web application is included in the output.

    Deploying services (azd deploy)
      (✓) Done: Deploying service web
    - Endpoint: <https://[container-app-sub-domain].azurecontainerapps.io>
    SUCCESS: Your application was provisioned and deployed to Azure in 5 minutes 0 seconds.
  8. Use the URL in the console to navigate to your web application in the browser. Observe the output of the running app.

    Screenshot of the running web application.

Install the client library

The client library is available through Maven, as the azure-spring-data-cosmos package.

  1. Navigate to the /src/web folder and open the pom.xml file.

  2. If it doesn't already exist, add an entry for the azure-spring-data-cosmos package.

  3. Also, add another dependency for the azure-identity package if it doesn't already exist.


Object model

Name Description
EnableCosmosRepositories This type is a method decorator used to configure a repository to access Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL.
CosmosRepository This class is the primary client class and is used to manage data within a container.
CosmosClientBuilder This class is a factory used to create a client used by the repository.
Query This type is a method decorator used to specify the query that the repository executes.

Code examples

The sample code in the template uses a database named cosmicworks and container named products. The products container contains details such as name, category, quantity, a unique identifier, and a sale flag for each product. The container uses the /category property as a logical partition key.

Authenticate the client

Application requests to most Azure services must be authorized. Use the DefaultAzureCredential type as the preferred way to implement a passwordless connection between your applications and Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL. DefaultAzureCredential supports multiple authentication methods and determines which method should be used at runtime.


You can also authorize requests to Azure services using passwords, connection strings, or other credentials directly. However, this approach should be used with caution. Developers must be diligent to never expose these secrets in an unsecure location. Anyone who gains access to the password or secret key is able to authenticate to the database service. DefaultAzureCredential offers improved management and security benefits over the account key to allow passwordless authentication without the risk of storing keys.

First, this sample creates a new class that inherits from AbstractCosmosConfiguration to configure the connection to Azure Cosmos DB for NoSQL.

public class CosmosConfiguration extends AbstractCosmosConfiguration {

Within the configuration class, this sample creates a new instance of the CosmosClientBuilder class and configures authentication using a DefaultAzureCredential instance.

public CosmosClientBuilder getCosmosClientBuilder() {
    DefaultAzureCredential azureTokenCredential = new DefaultAzureCredentialBuilder()
    return new CosmosClientBuilder()

Get a database

In the configuration class, the sample implements a method to return the name of the existing database named cosmicworks.

protected String getDatabaseName() {
    return "cosmicworks";

Get a container

Use the Container method decorator to configure a class to represent items in a container. Author the class to include all of the members you want to serialize into JSON. In this example, the type has a unique identifier, and fields for category, name, quantity, price, and clearance.

@Container(containerName = "products", autoCreateContainer = false)
public class Item {
    private String id;
    private String name;
    private Integer quantity;
    private Boolean sale;

    private String category;

Create an item

Create an item in the container using repository.save.

Item item = new Item(
    "Yamba Surfboard",
Item created_item = repository.save(item);

Read an item

Perform a point read operation by using both the unique identifier (id) and partition key fields. Use repository.findById to efficiently retrieve the specific item.

PartitionKey partitionKey = new PartitionKey("gear-surf-surfboards");
Optional<Item> existing_item = repository.findById("70b63682-b93a-4c77-aad2-65501347265f", partitionKey);
if (existing_item.isPresent()) {
    // Do something  

Query items

Perform a query over multiple items in a container by defining a query in the repository's interface. This sample uses the Query method decorator to define a method that executes this parameterized query:

SELECT * FROM products p WHERE p.category = @category
public interface ItemRepository extends CosmosRepository<Item, String> {
    @Query("SELECT * FROM products p WHERE p.category = @category")
    List<Item> getItemsByCategory(@Param("category") String category);

Fetch all of the results of the query using repository.getItemsByCategory. Loop through the results of the query.

List<Item> items = repository.getItemsByCategory("gear-surf-surfboards");
for (Item item : items) {
    // Do something

Next step