Create an Azure Cosmos Core (SQL) API account, database and container using Azure CLI

APPLIES TO: SQL API

The script in this article demonstrates creating a SQL API database and container.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

Prerequisites

You can use either the Azure Cloud Shell or a local Azure CLI.

  • This article requires version 2.9.1 or later of the Azure CLI. If using Azure Cloud Shell, the latest version is already installed.

Sample script

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://shell.azure.com.

When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment, Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.

Sign in to Azure

Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing <Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively

Run the script

# Create a SQL API database and container

# Variable block
let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM"
location="East US"
failoverLocation="South Central US"
resourceGroup="msdocs-cosmosdb-rg-$randomIdentifier"
tag="create-sql-cosmosdb"
account="msdocs-account-cosmos-$randomIdentifier" #needs to be lower case
database="msdocs-db-sql-cosmos"
container="container1"
partitionKey="/zipcode"

# Create a resource group
echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag

# Create a Cosmos account for SQL API
echo "Creating $account"
az cosmosdb create --name $account --resource-group $resourceGroup --default-consistency-level Eventual --locations regionName="$location" failoverPriority=0 isZoneRedundant=False --locations regionName="$failoverLocation" failoverPriority=1 isZoneRedundant=False

# Create a SQL API database
echo "Creating $database"
az cosmosdb sql database create --account-name $account --resource-group $resourceGroup --name $database

# Define the index policy for the container, include spatial and composite indexes
printf ' 
{
    "indexingMode": "consistent", 
    "includedPaths": [
        {"path": "/*"}
    ],
    "excludedPaths": [
        { "path": "/headquarters/employees/?"}
    ],
    "spatialIndexes": [
        {"path": "/*", "types": ["Point"]}
    ],
    "compositeIndexes":[
        [
            { "path":"/name", "order":"ascending" },
            { "path":"/age", "order":"descending" }
        ]
    ]
}' > "idxpolicy-$randomIdentifier.json"

# Create a SQL API container
echo "Creating $container with $maxThroughput"
az cosmosdb sql container create --account-name $account --resource-group $resourceGroup --database-name $database --name $container --partition-key-path $partitionKey --throughput 400 --idx @idxpolicy-$randomIdentifier.json

# Clean up temporary index policy file
rm -f "idxpolicy-$randomIdentifier.json"

Clean up resources

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.

az group delete --name $resourceGroup

Sample reference

This script uses the following commands. Each command in the table links to command specific documentation.

Command Notes
az group create Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az cosmosdb create Creates an Azure Cosmos DB account.
az cosmosdb sql database create Creates an Azure Cosmos SQL (Core) database.
az cosmosdb sql container create Creates an Azure Cosmos SQL (Core) container.
az group delete Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps

For more information on the Azure Cosmos DB CLI, see Azure Cosmos DB CLI documentation.