Secure traffic to Azure Front Door origins
Front Door's features work best when traffic only flows through Front Door. You should configure your origin to block traffic that hasn't been sent through Front Door. Otherwise, traffic might bypass Front Door's web application firewall, DDoS protection, and other security features.
Origin and origin group in this article refers to the backend and backend pool of the Azure Front Door (classic) configuration.
Front Door provides several approaches that you can use to restrict your origin traffic.
Private Link origins
When you use the premium SKU of Front Door, you can use Private Link to send traffic to your origin. Learn more about Private Link origins.
You should configure your origin to disallow traffic that doesn't come through Private Link. The way that you restrict traffic depends on the type of Private Link origin you use:
- Azure App Service and Azure Functions automatically disable access through public internet endpoints when you use Private Link. For more information, see Using Private Endpoints for Azure Web App.
- Azure Storage provides a firewall, which you can use to deny traffic from the internet. For more information, see Configure Azure Storage firewalls and virtual networks.
- Internal load balancers with Azure Private Link service aren't publicly routable. You can also configure network security groups to ensure that you disallow access to your virtual network from the internet.
Public IP address-based origins
When you use public IP address-based origins, there are two approaches you should use together to ensure that traffic flows through your Front Door instance:
- Configure IP address filtering to ensure that requests to your origin are only accepted from the Front Door IP address ranges.
- Configure your application to verify the
X-Azure-FDIDheader value, which Front Door attaches to all requests to the origin, and ensure that its value matches your Front Door's identifier.
IP address filtering
Configure IP address filtering for your origins to accept traffic from Azure Front Door's backend IP address space and Azure's infrastructure services only.
The AzureFrontDoor.Backend service tag provides a list of the IP addresses that Front Door uses to connect to your origins. You can use this service tag within your network security group rules. You can also download the Azure IP Ranges and Service Tags data set, which is updated regularly with the latest IP addresses.
You should also allow traffic from Azure's basic infrastructure services through the virtualized host IP addresses
Front Door's IP address space changes regularly. Ensure that you use the AzureFrontDoor.Backend service tag instead of hard-coding IP addresses.
Front Door identifier
IP address filtering alone isn't sufficient to secure traffic to your origin, because other Azure customers use the same IP addresses. You should also configure your origin to ensure that traffic has originated from your Front Door profile.
Azure generates a unique identifier for each Front Door profile. You can find the identifier in the Azure portal, by looking for the Front Door ID value in the Overview page of your profile.
When Front Door makes a request to your origin, it adds the
X-Azure-FDID request header. Your origin should inspect the header on incoming requests, and reject requests where the value doesn't match your Front Door profile's identifier.
The following examples show how you can secure different types of origins.
You can use App Service access restrictions to perform IP address filtering as well as header filtering. The capability is provided by the platform, and you don't need to change your application or host.
- Learn how to configure a WAF profile on Front Door.
- Learn how to create a Front Door.
- Learn how Front Door works.
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