Create a MySQL server and configure a firewall rule using the Azure CLI

[APPLIES TO: Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server

This sample CLI script creates an Azure Database for MySQL server and configures a server-level firewall rule. Once the script runs successfully, the MySQL server is accessible by all Azure services and the configured IP address.

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.


Sample script

Launch Azure Cloud Shell

The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell that you can use to run the steps in this article. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to

When Cloud Shell opens, verify that Bash is selected for your environment. Subsequent sessions will use Azure CLI in a Bash environment, Select Copy to copy the blocks of code, paste it into the Cloud Shell, and press Enter to run it.

Sign in to Azure

Cloud Shell is automatically authenticated under the initial account signed-in with. Use the following script to sign in using a different subscription, replacing <Subscription ID> with your Azure Subscription ID. If you don't have an Azure subscription, create an Azure free account before you begin.

subscription="<subscriptionId>" # add subscription here

az account set -s $subscription # ...or use 'az login'

For more information, see set active subscription or log in interactively

Run the script

# Create a MySQL server and configure a firewall rule

# Variable block
let "randomIdentifier=$RANDOM*$RANDOM"
location="East US"
# Specify appropriate IP address values for your environment
# to limit / allow access to the MySQL server

echo "Using resource group $resourceGroup with login: $login, password: $password..."

# Create a resource group
echo "Creating $resourceGroup in $location..."
az group create --name $resourceGroup --location "$location" --tags $tag

# Create a MySQL server in the resource group
# Name of a server maps to DNS name and is thus required to be globally unique in Azure.
echo "Creating $server in $location..."
az mysql server create --name $server --resource-group $resourceGroup --location "$location" --admin-user $login --admin-password $password --sku-name $sku

# Configure a firewall rule for the server 
echo "Configuring a firewall rule for $server for the IP address range of $startIp to $endIp"
az mysql server firewall-rule create --resource-group $resourceGroup --server $server --name AllowIps --start-ip-address $startIp --end-ip-address $endIp

Clean up resources

Use the following command to remove the resource group and all resources associated with it using the az group delete command - unless you have an ongoing need for these resources. Some of these resources may take a while to create, as well as to delete.

az group delete --name $resourceGroup

Sample reference

This script uses the commands outlined in the following table:

Command Notes
az group create Creates a resource group in which all resources are stored.
az mysql server create Creates a MySQL server that hosts the databases.
az mysql server firewall create Creates a firewall rule to allow access to the server and databases under it from the entered IP address range.
az group delete Deletes a resource group including all nested resources.

Next steps