Limitations in Azure Database for MySQL

APPLIES TO: Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server


Azure Database for MySQL - Single Server is on the retirement path. We strongly recommend for you to upgrade to Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server. For more information about migrating to Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server, see What's happening to Azure Database for MySQL Single Server?

The following sections describe capacity, storage engine support, privilege support, data manipulation statement support, and functional limits in the database service. Also see general limitations applicable to the MySQL database engine.

Server parameters


If you are looking for min/max values for server parameters like max_connections and innodb_buffer_pool_size, this information has moved to the server parameters article.

Azure Database for MySQL supports tuning the values of server parameters. The min and max value of some parameters (ex. max_connections, join_buffer_size, query_cache_size) is determined by the pricing tier and vCores of the server. Refer to server parameters for more information about these limits.

Upon initial deployment, an Azure for MySQL server includes systems tables for time zone information, but these tables are not populated. The time zone tables can be populated by calling the mysql.az_load_timezone stored procedure from a tool like the MySQL command line or MySQL Workbench. Refer to the Azure portal or Azure CLI articles for how to call the stored procedure and set the global or session-level time zones.

Password plugins such as "validate_password" and "caching_sha2_password" aren't supported by the service.

Storage engines

MySQL supports many storage engines. On Azure Database for MySQL, the following storage engines are supported and unsupported:



Privileges & data manipulation support

Many server parameters and settings can inadvertently degrade server performance or negate ACID properties of the MySQL server. To maintain the service integrity and SLA at a product level, this service doesn't expose multiple roles.

The MySQL service doesn't allow direct access to the underlying file system. Some data manipulation commands aren't supported.


The following are unsupported:

  • DBA role: Restricted. Alternatively, you can use the administrator user (created during new server creation), allows you to perform most of DDL and DML statements.
  • SUPER privilege: Similarly, SUPER privilege is restricted.
  • DEFINER: Requires super privileges to create and is restricted. If importing data using a backup, remove the CREATE DEFINER commands manually or by using the --skip-definer command when performing a mysqlpump.
  • System databases: The mysql system database is read-only and used to support various PaaS functionality. You can't make changes to the mysql system database.
  • SELECT ... INTO OUTFILE: Not supported in the service.
  • LOAD_FILE(file_name): Not supported in the service.
  • BACKUP_ADMIN privilege: Granting BACKUP_ADMIN privilege is not supported for taking backups using any utility tools.


  • LOAD DATA INFILE is supported, but the [LOCAL] parameter must be specified and directed to a UNC path (Azure storage mounted through SMB). Additionally, if you are using MySQL client version >= 8.0 you need to include -–local-infile=1 parameter in your connection string.

Functional limitations

Scale operations

  • Dynamic scaling to and from the Basic pricing tiers is currently not supported.
  • Decreasing server storage size is not supported.

Major version upgrades


  • When using the PITR feature, the new server is created with the same configurations as the server it is based on.
  • Restoring a deleted server is not supported.

VNet service endpoints

  • Support for VNet service endpoints is only for General Purpose and Memory Optimized servers.

Storage size

  • Please refer to pricing tiers for the storage size limits per pricing tier.

Current known issues

  • MySQL server instance displays the wrong server version after connection is established. To get the correct server instance engine version, use the select version(); command.

Next steps