How to mount Azure Blob Storage as a file system with BlobFuse v1
BlobFuse2 is the latest version of BlobFuse and has many significant improvements over the version discussed in this article, BlobFuse v1. To learn about the improvements made in BlobFuse2, see the list of BlobFuse2 enhancements.
BlobFuse is a virtual file system driver for Azure Blob Storage. BlobFuse allows you to access your existing block blob data in your storage account through the Linux file system. BlobFuse uses the virtual directory scheme with the forward-slash '/' as a delimiter.
BlobFuse doesn't guarantee 100% POSIX compliance as it simply translates requests into Blob REST APIs. For example, rename operations are atomic in POSIX, but not in BlobFuse. For a full list of differences between a native file system and BlobFuse, visit the BlobFuse source code repository.
Install BlobFuse v1 on Linux
BlobFuse binaries are available on the Microsoft software repositories for Linux for Ubuntu, Debian, SUSE, CentOS, Oracle Linux and RHEL distributions. To install BlobFuse on those distributions, configure one of the repositories from the list. You can also build the binaries from source code following the Azure Storage installation steps if there are no binaries available for your distribution.
BlobFuse is published in the Linux repo for Ubuntu versions: 16.04, 18.04, and 20.04, RHEL versions: 7.5, 7.8, 7.9, 8.0, 8.1, 8.2, CentOS versions: 7.0, 8.0, Debian versions: 9.0, 10.0, SUSE version: 15, Oracle Linux 8.1. Run this command to make sure that you have one of those versions deployed:
Configure the Microsoft package repository
Configure the Linux Package Repository for Microsoft Products.
As an example, on a Redhat Enterprise Linux 8 distribution:
sudo rpm -Uvh https://packages.microsoft.com/config/rhel/8/packages-microsoft-prod.rpm
Similarly, change the URL to
.../rhel/7/... to point to a Redhat Enterprise Linux 7 distribution.
Install BlobFuse v1
Prepare for mounting
BlobFuse provides native-like performance by requiring a temporary path in the file system to buffer and cache any open files. For this temporary path, choose the most performant disk, or use a ramdisk for best performance.
BlobFuse stores all open file contents in the temporary path. Make sure to have enough space to accommodate all open files.
(Optional) Use a ramdisk for the temporary path
The following example creates a ramdisk of 16 GB and a directory for BlobFuse. Choose the size based on your needs. This ramdisk allows BlobFuse to open files up to 16 GB in size.
sudo mkdir /mnt/ramdisk sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=16g tmpfs /mnt/ramdisk sudo mkdir /mnt/ramdisk/blobfusetmp sudo chown <youruser> /mnt/ramdisk/blobfusetmp
Use an SSD as a temporary path
In Azure, you may use the ephemeral disks (SSD) available on your VMs to provide a low-latency buffer for BlobFuse. Depending on the provisioning agent used, the ephemeral disk would be mounted on '/mnt' for cloud-init or '/mnt/resource' for waagent VMs.
Make sure your user has access to the temporary path:
sudo mkdir /mnt/resource/blobfusetmp -p sudo chown <youruser> /mnt/resource/blobfusetmp
Authorize access to your storage account
You can authorize access to your storage account by using the account access key, a shared access signature, a managed identity, or a service principal. Authorization information can be provided on the command line, in a config file, or in environment variables. For details, see Valid authentication setups in the BlobFuse readme.
For example, suppose you are authorizing with the account access keys and storing them in a config file. The config file should have the following format:
accountName myaccount accountKey storageaccesskey containerName mycontainer authType Key
accountName is the name of your storage account, and not the full URL. You need to update
mycontainer with your storage information.
Create this file using:
sudo touch /path/to/fuse_connection.cfg
Once you've created and edited this file, make sure to restrict access so no other users can read it.
sudo chmod 600 /path/to/fuse_connection.cfg
If you have created the configuration file on Windows, make sure to run
dos2unix to sanitize and convert the file to Unix format.
Create an empty directory for mounting
sudo mkdir ~/mycontainer
For a full list of mount options, check the BlobFuse repository.
To mount BlobFuse, run the following command with your user. This command mounts the container specified in '/path/to/fuse_connection.cfg' onto the location '/mycontainer'.
sudo blobfuse ~/mycontainer --tmp-path=/mnt/resource/blobfusetmp --config-file=/path/to/fuse_connection.cfg -o attr_timeout=240 -o entry_timeout=240 -o negative_timeout=120
If you use an ADLS account, you must include
You should now have access to your block blobs through the regular file system APIs. The user who mounts the directory is the only person who can access it, by default, which secures the access. To allow access to all users, you can mount via the option
sudo cd ~/mycontainer sudo mkdir test sudo echo "hello world" > test/blob.txt
Persist the mount
To learn how to persist the mount, see Persisting in the BlobFuse wiki.
Support for this feature might be impacted by enabling Data Lake Storage Gen2, Network File System (NFS) 3.0 protocol, or the SSH File Transfer Protocol (SFTP). If you've enabled any of these capabilities, see Blob Storage feature support in Azure Storage accounts to assess support for this feature.