Azure Resource Graph sample queries for Azure Virtual Machines

This page is a collection of Azure Resource Graph sample queries for Azure Virtual Machines. For a complete list of Azure Resource Graph samples, see Resource Graph samples by Category and Resource Graph samples by Table.

Sample queries

Count of OS update installation done

Returns a list of status of OS update installation runs done for your machines in last 7 days.

PatchAssessmentResources
| where type !has 'softwarepatches'
| extend machineName = tostring(split(id, '/', 8)), resourceType = tostring(split(type, '/', 0)), tostring(rgName = split(id, '/', 4))
| extend prop = parse_json(properties)
| extend lTime = todatetime(prop.lastModifiedDateTime), OS = tostring(prop.osType), installedPatchCount = tostring(prop.installedPatchCount), failedPatchCount = tostring(prop.failedPatchCount), pendingPatchCount = tostring(prop.pendingPatchCount), excludedPatchCount = tostring(prop.excludedPatchCount), notSelectedPatchCount = tostring(prop.notSelectedPatchCount)
| where lTime > ago(7d)
| project lTime, RunID=name,machineName, rgName, resourceType, OS, installedPatchCount, failedPatchCount, pendingPatchCount, excludedPatchCount, notSelectedPatchCount
az graph query -q "PatchAssessmentResources | where type !has 'softwarepatches' | extend machineName = tostring(split(id, '/', 8)), resourceType = tostring(split(type, '/', 0)), tostring(rgName = split(id, '/', 4)) | extend prop = parse_json(properties) | extend lTime = todatetime(prop.lastModifiedDateTime), OS = tostring(prop.osType), installedPatchCount = tostring(prop.installedPatchCount), failedPatchCount = tostring(prop.failedPatchCount), pendingPatchCount = tostring(prop.pendingPatchCount), excludedPatchCount = tostring(prop.excludedPatchCount), notSelectedPatchCount = tostring(prop.notSelectedPatchCount) | where lTime > ago(7d) | project lTime, RunID=name,machineName, rgName, resourceType, OS, installedPatchCount, failedPatchCount, pendingPatchCount, excludedPatchCount, notSelectedPatchCount"

Count of virtual machines by availability state and Subscription Id

Returns the count of virtual machines (type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines) aggregated by their availability state across each of your subscriptions.

HealthResources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses'
| summarize count() by subscriptionId, AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)
az graph query -q "HealthResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses' | summarize count() by subscriptionId, AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)"

Count of virtual machines by power state

Returns count of virtual machines (type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines) categorized according to their power state. For more information on power states, please see Power states overview.

Resources
| where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines'
| summarize count() by PowerState = tostring(properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code)
az graph query -q "Resources | where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' | summarize count() by PowerState = tostring(properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code)"

Count virtual machines by OS type

Building on the previous query, we're still limiting by Azure resources of type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines, but are no longer limiting the number of records returned. Instead, we used summarize and count() to define how to group and aggregate the values by property, which in this example is properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType. For an example of how this string looks in the full object, see explore resources - virtual machine discovery.

Resources
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines'
| summarize count() by tostring(properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType)
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines' | summarize count() by tostring(properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType)"

Count virtual machines by OS type with extend

A different way to write the 'Count virtual machines by OS type' query is to extend a property and give it a temporary name for use within the query, in this case os. os is then used by summarize and count() as in the referenced example.

Resources
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines'
| extend os = properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType
| summarize count() by tostring(os)
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines' | extend os = properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType | summarize count() by tostring(os)"

Get all New alerts from the past 30 days

This query provides a list of all the user's New alerts, from the past 30 days.

iotsecurityresources
| where type == 'microsoft.iotsecurity/locations/devicegroups/alerts'
| where todatetime(properties.startTimeUtc) > ago(30d) and properties.status == 'New'
az graph query -q "iotsecurityresources | where type == 'microsoft.iotsecurity/locations/devicegroups/alerts' | where todatetime(properties.startTimeUtc) > ago(30d) and properties.status == 'New'"

Get virtual machine scale set capacity and size

This query looks for virtual machine scale set resources and gets various details including the virtual machine size and the capacity of the scale set. The query uses the toint() function to cast the capacity to a number so that it can be sorted. Finally, the columns are renamed into custom named properties.

Resources
| where type=~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachinescalesets'
| where name contains 'contoso'
| project subscriptionId, name, location, resourceGroup, Capacity = toint(sku.capacity), Tier = sku.name
| order by Capacity desc
az graph query -q "Resources | where type=~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachinescalesets' | where name contains 'contoso' | project subscriptionId, name, location, resourceGroup, Capacity = toint(sku.capacity), Tier = sku.name | order by Capacity desc"

List all extensions installed on a virtual machine

First, this query uses extend on the virtual machines resource type to get the ID in uppercase (toupper()) the ID, get the operating system name and type, and get the virtual machine size. Getting the resource ID in uppercase is a good way to prepare to join to another property. Then, the query uses join with kind as leftouter to get virtual machine extensions by matching an uppercase substring of the extension ID. The portion of the ID before "/extensions/<ExtensionName>" is the same format as the virtual machines ID, so we use this property for the join. summarize is then used with make_list on the name of the virtual machine extension to combine the name of each extension where id, OSName, OSType, and VMSize are the same into a single array property. Lastly, we order by lowercase OSName with asc. By default, order by is descending.

Resources
| where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines'
| extend
	JoinID = toupper(id),
	OSName = tostring(properties.osProfile.computerName),
	OSType = tostring(properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType),
	VMSize = tostring(properties.hardwareProfile.vmSize)
| join kind=leftouter(
	Resources
	| where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines/extensions'
	| extend 
		VMId = toupper(substring(id, 0, indexof(id, '/extensions'))),
		ExtensionName = name
) on $left.JoinID == $right.VMId
| summarize Extensions = make_list(ExtensionName) by id, OSName, OSType, VMSize
| order by tolower(OSName) asc
az graph query -q "Resources | where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' | extend JoinID = toupper(id), OSName = tostring(properties.osProfile.computerName), OSType = tostring(properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType), VMSize = tostring(properties.hardwareProfile.vmSize) | join kind=leftouter( Resources | where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines/extensions' | extend  VMId = toupper(substring(id, 0, indexof(id, '/extensions'))),  ExtensionName = name ) on \$left.JoinID == \$right.VMId | summarize Extensions = make_list(ExtensionName) by id, OSName, OSType, VMSize | order by tolower(OSName) asc"

List available OS updates for all your machines grouped by update category

Returns a list of pending OS for your machines.

PatchAssessmentResources
| where type !has 'softwarepatches'
| extend prop = parse_json(properties)
| extend lastTime = properties.lastModifiedDateTime
| extend updateRollupCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.updateRollup, featurePackCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.featurePack, servicePackCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.servicePack, definitionCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.definition, securityCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.security, criticalCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.critical, updatesCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.updates, toolsCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.tools, otherCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.other, OS = prop.osType
| project lastTime, id, OS, updateRollupCount, featurePackCount, servicePackCount, definitionCount, securityCount, criticalCount, updatesCount, toolsCount, otherCount
az graph query -q "PatchAssessmentResources | where type !has 'softwarepatches' | extend prop = parse_json(properties) | extend lastTime = properties.lastModifiedDateTime | extend updateRollupCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.updateRollup, featurePackCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.featurePack, servicePackCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.servicePack, definitionCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.definition, securityCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.security, criticalCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.critical, updatesCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.updates, toolsCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.tools, otherCount = prop.availablePatchCountByClassification.other, OS = prop.osType | project lastTime, id, OS, updateRollupCount, featurePackCount, servicePackCount, definitionCount, securityCount, criticalCount, updatesCount, toolsCount, otherCount"

List of Linux OS update installation done

Returns a list of status of Linux Server - OS update installation runs done for your machines in last 7 days.

PatchAssessmentResources
| where type has 'softwarepatches' and properties has 'version'
| extend machineName = tostring(split(id, '/', 8)), resourceType = tostring(split(type, '/', 0)), tostring(rgName = split(id, '/', 4)), tostring(RunID = split(id, '/', 10))
| extend prop = parse_json(properties)
| extend lTime = todatetime(prop.lastModifiedDateTime), patchName = tostring(prop.patchName), version = tostring(prop.version), installationState = tostring(prop.installationState), classifications = tostring(prop.classifications)
| where lTime > ago(7d)
| project lTime, RunID, machineName, rgName, resourceType, patchName, version, classifications, installationState
| sort by RunID
az graph query -q "PatchAssessmentResources | where type has 'softwarepatches' and properties has 'version' | extend machineName = tostring(split(id, '/', 8)), resourceType = tostring(split(type, '/', 0)), tostring(rgName = split(id, '/', 4)), tostring(RunID = split(id, '/', 10)) | extend prop = parse_json(properties) | extend lTime = todatetime(prop.lastModifiedDateTime), patchName = tostring(prop.patchName), version = tostring(prop.version), installationState = tostring(prop.installationState), classifications = tostring(prop.classifications) | where lTime > ago(7d) | project lTime, RunID, machineName, rgName, resourceType, patchName, version, classifications, installationState | sort by RunID"

List of virtual machines and associated availability states by Resource Ids

Returns the latest list of virtual machines (type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines) aggregated by availability state. The query also provides the associated Resource Id based on properties.targetResourceId, for easy debugging and mitigation. Availability states can be one of four values: Available, Unavailable, Degraded and Unknown. For more details on what each of the availability states mean, please see Azure Resource Health overview.

HealthResources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses'
| summarize by ResourceId = tolower(tostring(properties.targetResourceId)), AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)
az graph query -q "HealthResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses' | summarize by ResourceId = tolower(tostring(properties.targetResourceId)), AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)"

List of virtual machines by availability state and power state with Resource Ids and resource Groups

Returns list of virtual machines (type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines) aggregated on their power state and availability state to provide a cohesive state of health for your virtual machines. The query also provides details on the resource group and resource Id associated with each entry for detailed visibility into your resources.

Resources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines'
| project resourceGroup, Id = tolower(id), PowerState = tostring( properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code)
| join kind=leftouter (
	HealthResources
	| where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses'
	| where tostring(properties.targetResourceType) =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines'
	| project targetResourceId = tolower(tostring(properties.targetResourceId)), AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState))
	on $left.Id == $right.targetResourceId
| project-away targetResourceId
| where PowerState != 'PowerState/deallocated'
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' | project resourceGroup, Id = tolower(id), PowerState = tostring( properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code) | join kind=leftouter ( HealthResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses' | where tostring(properties.targetResourceType) =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' | project targetResourceId = tolower(tostring(properties.targetResourceId)), AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)) on \$left.Id == \$right.targetResourceId | project-away targetResourceId | where PowerState != 'PowerState/deallocated'"

List of virtual machines that are not Available by Resource Ids

Returns the latest list of virtual machines (type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines) aggregated by their availability state. The populated list only highlights virtual machines whose availability state is not "Available" to ensure you are aware of all the concerning states your virtual machines are in. When all your virtual machines are Available, you can expect to receive no results.

HealthResources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses'
| where tostring(properties.availabilityState) != 'Available'
| summarize by ResourceId = tolower(tostring(properties.targetResourceId)), AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)
az graph query -q "HealthResources | where type =~ 'microsoft.resourcehealth/availabilitystatuses' | where tostring(properties.availabilityState) != 'Available' | summarize by ResourceId = tolower(tostring(properties.targetResourceId)), AvailabilityState = tostring(properties.availabilityState)"

List of Windows Server OS update installation done

Returns a list of status of Windows Server - OS update installation runs done for your machines in last 7 days.

PatchAssessmentResources
| where type has 'softwarepatches' and properties !has 'version'
| extend machineName = tostring(split(id, '/', 8)), resourceType = tostring(split(type, '/', 0)), tostring(rgName = split(id, '/', 4)), tostring(RunID = split(id, '/', 10))
| extend prop = parse_json(properties)
| extend lTime = todatetime(prop.lastModifiedDateTime), patchName = tostring(prop.patchName), kbId = tostring(prop.kbId), installationState = tostring(prop.installationState), classifications = tostring(prop.classifications)
| where lTime > ago(7d)
| project lTime, RunID, machineName, rgName, resourceType, patchName, kbId, classifications, installationState
| sort by RunID
az graph query -q "PatchAssessmentResources | where type has 'softwarepatches' and properties !has 'version' | extend machineName = tostring(split(id, '/', 8)), resourceType = tostring(split(type, '/', 0)), tostring(rgName = split(id, '/', 4)), tostring(RunID = split(id, '/', 10)) | extend prop = parse_json(properties) | extend lTime = todatetime(prop.lastModifiedDateTime), patchName = tostring(prop.patchName), kbId = tostring(prop.kbId), installationState = tostring(prop.installationState), classifications = tostring(prop.classifications) | where lTime > ago(7d) | project lTime, RunID, machineName, rgName, resourceType, patchName, kbId, classifications, installationState | sort by RunID"

List virtual machines with their network interface and public IP

This query uses two leftouter join commands to bring together virtual machines created with the Resource Manager deployment model, their related network interfaces, and any public IP address related to those network interfaces.

Resources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines'
| extend nics=array_length(properties.networkProfile.networkInterfaces)
| mv-expand nic=properties.networkProfile.networkInterfaces
| where nics == 1 or nic.properties.primary =~ 'true' or isempty(nic)
| project vmId = id, vmName = name, vmSize=tostring(properties.hardwareProfile.vmSize), nicId = tostring(nic.id)
| join kind=leftouter (
	Resources
	| where type =~ 'microsoft.network/networkinterfaces'
	| extend ipConfigsCount=array_length(properties.ipConfigurations)
	| mv-expand ipconfig=properties.ipConfigurations
	| where ipConfigsCount == 1 or ipconfig.properties.primary =~ 'true'
	| project nicId = id, publicIpId = tostring(ipconfig.properties.publicIPAddress.id))
	on nicId
| project-away nicId1
| summarize by vmId, vmName, vmSize, nicId, publicIpId
| join kind=leftouter (
	Resources
	| where type =~ 'microsoft.network/publicipaddresses'
	| project publicIpId = id, publicIpAddress = properties.ipAddress)
on publicIpId
| project-away publicIpId1
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' | extend nics=array_length(properties.networkProfile.networkInterfaces) | mv-expand nic=properties.networkProfile.networkInterfaces | where nics == 1 or nic.properties.primary =~ 'true' or isempty(nic) | project vmId = id, vmName = name, vmSize=tostring(properties.hardwareProfile.vmSize), nicId = tostring(nic.id) | join kind=leftouter ( Resources | where type =~ 'microsoft.network/networkinterfaces' | extend ipConfigsCount=array_length(properties.ipConfigurations) | mv-expand ipconfig=properties.ipConfigurations | where ipConfigsCount == 1 or ipconfig.properties.primary =~ 'true' | project nicId = id, publicIpId = tostring(ipconfig.properties.publicIPAddress.id)) on nicId | project-away nicId1 | summarize by vmId, vmName, vmSize, nicId, publicIpId | join kind=leftouter ( Resources | where type =~ 'microsoft.network/publicipaddresses' | project publicIpId = id, publicIpAddress = properties.ipAddress) on publicIpId | project-away publicIpId1"

Show all virtual machines ordered by name in descending order

To list only virtual machines (which are type Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines), we can match the property type in the results. Similar to the previous query, desc changes the order by to be descending. The =~ in the type match tells Resource Graph to be case insensitive.

Resources
| project name, location, type
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines'
| order by name desc
az graph query -q "Resources | project name, location, type | where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines' | order by name desc"

Show first five virtual machines by name and their OS type

This query uses top to only retrieve five matching records that are ordered by name. The type of the Azure resource is Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines. project tells Azure Resource Graph which properties to include.

Resources
| where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines'
| project name, properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType
| top 5 by name desc
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines' | project name, properties.storageProfile.osDisk.osType | top 5 by name desc"

Summarize virtual machine by the power states extended property

This query uses the extended properties on virtual machines to summarize by power states.

Resources
| where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines'
| summarize count() by tostring(properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code)
az graph query -q "Resources | where type == 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' | summarize count() by tostring(properties.extended.instanceView.powerState.code)"

Virtual machines matched by regex

This query looks for virtual machines that match a regular expression (known as regex). The matches regex @ allows us to define the regex to match, which is ^Contoso(.*)[0-9]+$. That regex definition is explained as:

  • ^ - Match must start at the beginning of the string.
  • Contoso - The case-sensitive string.
  • (.*) - A subexpression match:
    • . - Matches any single character (except a new line).
    • * - Matches previous element zero or more times.
  • [0-9] - Character group match for numbers 0 through 9.
  • + - Matches previous element one or more times.
  • $ - Match of the previous element must occur at the end of the string.

After matching by name, the query projects the name and orders by name ascending.

Resources
| where type =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' and name matches regex @'^Contoso(.*)[0-9]+$'
| project name
| order by name asc
az graph query -q "Resources | where type =~ 'microsoft.compute/virtualmachines' and name matches regex @'^Contoso(.*)[0-9]+\$' | project name | order by name asc"

Next steps