Quickstart: Create a Windows virtual machine using a Bicep file

Applies to: ✔️ Windows VMs

This quickstart shows you how to use a Bicep file to deploy a Windows virtual machine (VM) in Azure.

Bicep is a domain-specific language (DSL) that uses declarative syntax to deploy Azure resources. It provides concise syntax, reliable type safety, and support for code reuse. Bicep offers the best authoring experience for your infrastructure-as-code solutions in Azure.

Prerequisites

If you don't have an Azure subscription, create a free account before you begin.

Review the Bicep file

The Bicep file used in this quickstart is from Azure Quickstart Templates.

@description('Username for the Virtual Machine.')
param adminUsername string

@description('Password for the Virtual Machine.')
@minLength(12)
@secure()
param adminPassword string

@description('Unique DNS Name for the Public IP used to access the Virtual Machine.')
param dnsLabelPrefix string = toLower('${vmName}-${uniqueString(resourceGroup().id, vmName)}')

@description('Name for the Public IP used to access the Virtual Machine.')
param publicIpName string = 'myPublicIP'

@description('Allocation method for the Public IP used to access the Virtual Machine.')
@allowed([
  'Dynamic'
  'Static'
])
param publicIPAllocationMethod string = 'Dynamic'

@description('SKU for the Public IP used to access the Virtual Machine.')
@allowed([
  'Basic'
  'Standard'
])
param publicIpSku string = 'Basic'

@description('The Windows version for the VM. This will pick a fully patched image of this given Windows version.')
@allowed([
'2008-R2-SP1'
'2008-R2-SP1-smalldisk'
'2012-Datacenter'
'2012-datacenter-gensecond'
'2012-Datacenter-smalldisk'
'2012-datacenter-smalldisk-g2'
'2012-Datacenter-zhcn'
'2012-datacenter-zhcn-g2'
'2012-R2-Datacenter'
'2012-r2-datacenter-gensecond'
'2012-R2-Datacenter-smalldisk'
'2012-r2-datacenter-smalldisk-g2'
'2012-R2-Datacenter-zhcn'
'2012-r2-datacenter-zhcn-g2'
'2016-Datacenter'
'2016-datacenter-gensecond'
'2016-datacenter-gs'
'2016-Datacenter-Server-Core'
'2016-datacenter-server-core-g2'
'2016-Datacenter-Server-Core-smalldisk'
'2016-datacenter-server-core-smalldisk-g2'
'2016-Datacenter-smalldisk'
'2016-datacenter-smalldisk-g2'
'2016-Datacenter-with-Containers'
'2016-datacenter-with-containers-g2'
'2016-datacenter-with-containers-gs'
'2016-Datacenter-zhcn'
'2016-datacenter-zhcn-g2'
'2019-Datacenter'
'2019-Datacenter-Core'
'2019-datacenter-core-g2'
'2019-Datacenter-Core-smalldisk'
'2019-datacenter-core-smalldisk-g2'
'2019-Datacenter-Core-with-Containers'
'2019-datacenter-core-with-containers-g2'
'2019-Datacenter-Core-with-Containers-smalldisk'
'2019-datacenter-core-with-containers-smalldisk-g2'
'2019-datacenter-gensecond'
'2019-datacenter-gs'
'2019-Datacenter-smalldisk'
'2019-datacenter-smalldisk-g2'
'2019-Datacenter-with-Containers'
'2019-datacenter-with-containers-g2'
'2019-datacenter-with-containers-gs'
'2019-Datacenter-with-Containers-smalldisk'
'2019-datacenter-with-containers-smalldisk-g2'
'2019-Datacenter-zhcn'
'2019-datacenter-zhcn-g2'
'2022-datacenter'
'2022-datacenter-azure-edition'
'2022-datacenter-azure-edition-core'
'2022-datacenter-azure-edition-core-smalldisk'
'2022-datacenter-azure-edition-smalldisk'
'2022-datacenter-core'
'2022-datacenter-core-g2'
'2022-datacenter-core-smalldisk'
'2022-datacenter-core-smalldisk-g2'
'2022-datacenter-g2'
'2022-datacenter-smalldisk'
'2022-datacenter-smalldisk-g2'
])
param OSVersion string = '2022-datacenter-azure-edition-core'

@description('Size of the virtual machine.')
param vmSize string = 'Standard_D2s_v5'

@description('Location for all resources.')
param location string = resourceGroup().location

@description('Name of the virtual machine.')
param vmName string = 'simple-vm'

var storageAccountName = 'bootdiags${uniqueString(resourceGroup().id)}'
var nicName = 'myVMNic'
var addressPrefix = '10.0.0.0/16'
var subnetName = 'Subnet'
var subnetPrefix = '10.0.0.0/24'
var virtualNetworkName = 'MyVNET'
var networkSecurityGroupName = 'default-NSG'

resource stg 'Microsoft.Storage/storageAccounts@2021-04-01' = {
  name: storageAccountName
  location: location
  sku: {
    name: 'Standard_LRS'
  }
  kind: 'Storage'
}

resource pip 'Microsoft.Network/publicIPAddresses@2021-02-01' = {
  name: publicIpName
  location: location
  sku: {
    name: publicIpSku
  }
  properties: {
    publicIPAllocationMethod: publicIPAllocationMethod
    dnsSettings: {
      domainNameLabel: dnsLabelPrefix
    }
  }
}

resource securityGroup 'Microsoft.Network/networkSecurityGroups@2021-02-01' = {
  name: networkSecurityGroupName
  location: location
  properties: {
    securityRules: [
      {
        name: 'default-allow-3389'
        properties: {
          priority: 1000
          access: 'Allow'
          direction: 'Inbound'
          destinationPortRange: '3389'
          protocol: 'Tcp'
          sourcePortRange: '*'
          sourceAddressPrefix: '*'
          destinationAddressPrefix: '*'
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

resource vn 'Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks@2021-02-01' = {
  name: virtualNetworkName
  location: location
  properties: {
    addressSpace: {
      addressPrefixes: [
        addressPrefix
      ]
    }
    subnets: [
      {
        name: subnetName
        properties: {
          addressPrefix: subnetPrefix
          networkSecurityGroup: {
            id: securityGroup.id
          }
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

resource nic 'Microsoft.Network/networkInterfaces@2021-02-01' = {
  name: nicName
  location: location
  properties: {
    ipConfigurations: [
      {
        name: 'ipconfig1'
        properties: {
          privateIPAllocationMethod: 'Dynamic'
          publicIPAddress: {
            id: pip.id
          }
          subnet: {
            id: resourceId('Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/subnets', vn.name, subnetName)
          }
        }
      }
    ]
  }
}

resource vm 'Microsoft.Compute/virtualMachines@2021-03-01' = {
  name: vmName
  location: location
  properties: {
    hardwareProfile: {
      vmSize: vmSize
    }
    osProfile: {
      computerName: vmName
      adminUsername: adminUsername
      adminPassword: adminPassword
    }
    storageProfile: {
      imageReference: {
        publisher: 'MicrosoftWindowsServer'
        offer: 'WindowsServer'
        sku: OSVersion
        version: 'latest'
      }
      osDisk: {
        createOption: 'FromImage'
        managedDisk: {
          storageAccountType: 'StandardSSD_LRS'
        }
      }
      dataDisks: [
        {
          diskSizeGB: 1023
          lun: 0
          createOption: 'Empty'
        }
      ]
    }
    networkProfile: {
      networkInterfaces: [
        {
          id: nic.id
        }
      ]
    }
    diagnosticsProfile: {
      bootDiagnostics: {
        enabled: true
        storageUri: stg.properties.primaryEndpoints.blob
      }
    }
  }
}

output hostname string = pip.properties.dnsSettings.fqdn

Several resources are defined in the Bicep file:

Deploy the Bicep file

  1. Save the Bicep file as main.bicep to your local computer.

  2. Deploy the Bicep file using either Azure CLI or Azure PowerShell.

    az group create --name exampleRG --location eastus
    az deployment group create --resource-group exampleRG --template-file main.bicep --parameters adminUsername=<admin-username>
    

Note

Replace <admin-username> with a unique username. You'll also be prompted to enter adminPassword. The minimum password length is 12 characters.

When the deployment finishes, you should see a messaged indicating the deployment succeeded.

Review deployed resources

Use the Azure portal, Azure CLI, or Azure PowerShell to list the deployed resources in the resource group.

az resource list --resource-group exampleRG

Clean up resources

When no longer needed, use the Azure portal, Azure CLI, or Azure PowerShell to delete the VM and all of the resources in the resource group.

az group delete --name exampleRG

Next steps

In this quickstart, you deployed a simple virtual machine using a Bicep file. To learn more about Azure virtual machines, continue to the tutorial for Linux VMs.