User VPN (P2S) client configuration - certificate authentication - Windows
This article helps you configure Virtual WAN User VPN clients on a Windows operating system for P2S configurations that use certificate authentication. When you connect to Virtual WAN using User VPN (P2S) and certificate authentication, you can use the VPN client that is natively installed on the operating system from which you’re connecting. If you use the tunnel type OpenVPN, you also have the additional options of using the Azure VPN Client or OpenVPN client software. All of the necessary configuration settings for the VPN clients are contained in a VPN client configuration zip file. The settings in the zip file help you easily configure VPN clients.
The VPN client configuration files that you generate are specific to the P2S User VPN gateway configuration. If there are any changes to the P2S VPN configuration after you generate the files, such as changes to the VPN protocol type or authentication type, you need to generate new VPN client configuration files and apply the new configuration to all of the VPN clients that you want to connect.
This article applies to Windows operating system clients. For macOS/iOS IKEv2 steps, use this section of the VPN Gateway article. For Azure AD authentication steps, see Configure a VPN client for P2S connections that use Azure AD authentication.
Before you begin
Before beginning, make sure you've configured a virtual WAN according to the steps in the Create User VPN point-to-site connections article. Your User VPN configuration must use certificate authentication.
1. Install client certificates
When your User VPN configuration settings are configured for certificate authentication, in order to authenticate, a client certificate must be installed on each connecting client computer. Later in this article, you specify the client certificate(s) that you install in this section. The client certificate that you install must have been exported with its private key, and must contain all certificates in the certification path.
For steps to generate a client certificate, see Generate and export certificates.
For steps to install a client certificate see Install client certificates.
To view an installed client certificate, open Manage User Certificates. The client certificate is installed in Current User\Personal\Certificates.
2. Generate VPN client profile configuration files
The files contained in the profile configuration package are used to configure the VPN client and are specific to the User VPN configuration. You can generate VPN client profile configuration files using PowerShell, or by using the Azure portal. Either method returns the same zip file.
After you configure the Azure VPN Client, if you later update or change the User VPN configuration (change tunnel type, add or remove/revoke certificates, etc.), you must generate a new VPN client profile configuration package and use it to reconfigure connecting Azure VPN clients.
To generate a VPN client profile configuration package, see Generate VPN client configuration files.
After you generate the client profile configuration package, use the instructions below that correspond to your User VPN configuration.
- IKEv2 and SSTP - native VPN client steps
- OpenVPN - Azure VPN Client steps
- OpenVPN - OpenVPN Client steps
IKEv2 and SSTP - native VPN client
If you specified the IKEv2 VPN tunnel type for the User VPN configuration, you can connect using the Windows native VPN client already installed on your computer.
Select the VPN client configuration files that correspond to the architecture of the Windows computer. For a 64-bit processor architecture, choose the 'VpnClientSetupAmd64' installer package. For a 32-bit processor architecture, choose the 'VpnClientSetupX86' installer package.
Double-click the package to install it. If you see a SmartScreen popup, select More info, then Run anyway.
On the client computer, go to your VPN page and select the connection that you configured. Then, click Connect.
OpenVPN - Azure VPN Client
The following steps help you download, install, and configure the Azure VPN Client to connect. This section assumes that you have already installed required client certificates locally on the client computer.
The Azure VPN Client is only supported for OpenVPN® protocol connections. If the VPN tunnel type is not OpenVPN, use the native VPN client that is part of the Windows operating system.
View client profile config files
When you open the zip file, you'll see the AzureVPN folder. Locate the azurevpnconfig.xml file. This file contains the settings you use to configure the VPN client profile. If you don't see the file, verify the following items:
- Verify that your User VPN gateway is configured to use the OpenVPN tunnel type.
- If you're using Azure AD authentication, you may not have an AzureVPN folder. See the Azure AD configuration article instead.
For more information about User VPN client profile files, see Working with User VPN client profile files.
Download the Azure VPN Client
Download the latest version of the Azure VPN Client install files using one of the following links:
Install the Azure VPN Client to each computer.
Verify that the Azure VPN Client has permission to run in the background. For steps, see Windows background apps.
To verify the installed client version, open the Azure VPN Client. Go to the bottom of the client and click ... -> ? Help. In the right pane, you can see the client version number.
Configure the Azure VPN Client
Open the Azure VPN Client.
Click + on the bottom left of the page, then select Import.
In the window, navigate to the azurevpnconfig.xml file, select it, then click Open.
From the Certificate Information dropdown, select the name of the child certificate (the client certificate). For example, P2SChildCert.
If you don't see a client certificate in the Certificate Information dropdown, you'll need to cancel the profile configuration import and fix the issue before proceeding. It's possible that one of the following things is true:
- The client certificate isn't installed locally on the client computer.
- There are multiple certificates with exactly the same name installed on your local computer (common in test environments).
- The child certificate is corrupt.
After the import validates (imports with no errors), click Save.
In the left pane, locate the VPN connection, then click Connect.
To modify additional P2S User VPN connection settings, see Tutorial: Create a P2S User VPN connection.