Calculates the size of a block of memory in the heap (debug version only).


size_t _msize_dbg(
   void *userData,
   int blockType


Pointer to the memory block for which to determine the size.

Type of the specified memory block: _CLIENT_BLOCK or _NORMAL_BLOCK.

Return value

On successful completion, _msize_dbg returns the size (in bytes) of the specified memory block; otherwise it returns NULL.


_msize_dbg is a debug version of the _msize function. When _DEBUG isn't defined, each call to _msize_dbg is reduced to a call to _msize. Both _msize and _msize_dbg calculate the size of a memory block in the base heap, but _msize_dbg adds two debugging features: It includes the buffers on either side of the user portion of the memory block in the returned size and it allows size calculations for specific block types.

For information about how memory blocks are allocated, initialized, and managed in the debug version of the base heap, see CRT debug heap details. For information about the allocation block types and how they're used, see Types of blocks on the debug heap. For information about the differences between standard heap functions and the debug versions, see Debug versions of heap allocation functions.

This function validates its parameter. If memblock is a null pointer, _msize_dbg invokes an invalid parameter handler, as described in Parameter validation. If the error is handled, the function sets errno to EINVAL and returns -1.


Routine Required header
_msize_dbg <crtdbg.h>

For more compatibility information, see Compatibility.


Debug versions of C run-time libraries only.


// crt_msize_dbg.c
// compile with: /MTd
* This program allocates a block of memory using _malloc_dbg
* and then calls _msize_dbg to display the size of that block.
* Next, it uses _realloc_dbg to expand the amount of
* memory used by the buffer and then calls _msize_dbg again to
* display the new amount of memory allocated to the buffer.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <crtdbg.h>

int main( void )
        long *buffer, *newbuffer;
        size_t size;

         * Call _malloc_dbg to include the filename and line number
         * of our allocation request in the header
        buffer = (long *)_malloc_dbg( 40 * sizeof(long), _NORMAL_BLOCK, __FILE__, __LINE__ );
        if( buffer == NULL )
               exit( 1 );

         * Get the size of the buffer by calling _msize_dbg
        size = _msize_dbg( buffer, _NORMAL_BLOCK );
        printf( "Size of block after _malloc_dbg of 40 longs: %u\n", size );

         * Reallocate the buffer using _realloc_dbg and show the new size
        newbuffer = _realloc_dbg( buffer, size + (40 * sizeof(long)), _NORMAL_BLOCK, __FILE__, __LINE__ );
        if( newbuffer == NULL )
               exit( 1 );
        buffer = newbuffer;
        size = _msize_dbg( buffer, _NORMAL_BLOCK );
        printf( "Size of block after _realloc_dbg of 40 more longs: %u\n", size );

        free( buffer );
        exit( 0 );


Size of block after _malloc_dbg of 40 longs: 160
Size of block after _realloc_dbg of 40 more longs: 320

See also

Debug routines