ReportExecutionService.Render Method


Processes a specific report and renders it in the specified format.

 cli::array <System::Byte> ^ Render(System::String ^ Format, System::String ^ DeviceInfo, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::String ^ % Extension, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::String ^ % MimeType, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] System::String ^ % Encoding, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] cli::array <ReportExecution2005::Warning ^> ^ % Warnings, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] cli::array <System::String ^> ^ % StreamIds);
public byte[] Render (string Format, string DeviceInfo, out string Extension, out string MimeType, out string Encoding, out ReportExecution2005.Warning[] Warnings, out string[] StreamIds);
member this.Render : string * string * string * string * string * Warning[] * String[] -> byte[]
Public Function Render (Format As String, DeviceInfo As String, ByRef Extension As String, ByRef MimeType As String, ByRef Encoding As String, ByRef Warnings As Warning(), ByRef StreamIds As String()) As Byte()



The format in which to render the report. This argument maps to a rendering extension. Supported extensions include XML, NULL, CSV, IMAGE, PDF, HTML4.0, HTML3.2, MHTML, EXCEL, and Word. A list of supported extensions may be obtained by calling the ListRenderingExtensions() method.


An XML string that contains the device-specific content that is required by the rendering extension specified in the Format parameter. DeviceInfo settings must be passed as internal elements of a DeviceInfo XML element. For more information about device information settings for specific output formats, see Passing Device Information Settings to Rendering Extensions.


[out] The file extension corresponding to the output stream.


[out] The MIME type of the rendered report.


[out] The encoding used when report server renders the contents of the report.


[out] An array of Warning objects that describes any warnings that occurred during report processing.


[out] The stream identifiers. These IDs are passed to the RenderStream(String, String, String, String, String) method. You can use them to render the external resources (images, etc.) that are associated with a given report.

If the IMAGE rendering extension is used, the method outputs an empty array in StreamIds.



A Byte[] array of the report in the specified format.


To compile the following code example, you must reference the Reporting Services WSDL and import certain namespaces. For more information, see Compiling and Running Code Examples. The following code example renders a report in MHTML and saves it as an .mht file to disk.

Imports System  
Imports System.IO  
Imports System.Web.Services.Protocols  
Imports myNamespace.MyReferenceName  

Class Sample  
    Public Shared Sub Main()  
        Dim rs As New ReportExecutionService()  
        rs.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials  
        rs.Url = "http://myserver/reportserver/ReportExecution2005.asmx"  

        ' Render arguments  
        Dim result As Byte() = Nothing  
        Dim reportPath As String = "/AdventureWorks Sample Reports/Employee Sales Summary "  
        Dim format As String = "MHTML"  
        Dim historyID As String = Nothing  
        Dim devInfo As String = "<DeviceInfo><Toolbar>False</Toolbar></DeviceInfo>"  

        ' Prepare report parameter.  
        Dim parameters(2) As ParameterValue  

        parameters(0) = New ParameterValue()  
        parameters(0).Name = "EmpID"  
        parameters(0).Value = "288"  
        parameters(1) = New ParameterValue()  
        parameters(1).Name = "ReportMonth"  
        parameters(1).Value = "6" ' June  
        parameters(2) = New ParameterValue()  
        parameters(2).Name = "ReportYear"  
        parameters(2).Value = "2004"  

        Dim credentials As DataSourceCredentials() = Nothing  
        Dim showHideToggle As String = Nothing  
        Dim encoding As String = ""  
        Dim mimeType As String = ""  
        Dim warnings As Warning() = Nothing  
        Dim reportHistoryParameters As ParameterValue() = Nothing  
        Dim streamIDs As String() = Nothing  

        Dim execInfo As New ExecutionInfo  
        Dim execHeader As New ExecutionHeader()  
        Dim SessionId As String  
        Dim extension As String = ""  

        rs.ExecutionHeaderValue = execHeader  

        execInfo = rs.LoadReport(reportPath, historyID)  

        rs.SetExecutionParameters(parameters, "en-us")  

        SessionId = rs.ExecutionHeaderValue.ExecutionID  
        Console.WriteLine("SessionID: {0}", rs.ExecutionHeaderValue.ExecutionID)  

            result = rs.Render(format, devInfo, extension, _  
               encoding, mimeType, warnings, streamIDs)  

            execInfo = rs.GetExecutionInfo()  

            Console.WriteLine("Execution date and time: {0}", execInfo.ExecutionDateTime)  

        Catch e As SoapException  
        End Try  

        ' Write the contents of the report to an MHTML file.  
            Dim stream As FileStream = File.Create("report.mht", result.Length)  
            Console.WriteLine("File created.")  
            stream.Write(result, 0, result.Length)  
            Console.WriteLine("Result written to the file.")  
        Catch e As Exception  
        End Try  
    End Sub 'Main  
End Class  
using System;  
using System.IO;  
using System.Web.Services.Protocols;  
using myNamespace.MyReferenceName;  

class Sample  
    static void Main(string[] args)  
        ReportExecutionService rs = new ReportExecutionService();  
        rs.Credentials = System.Net.CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;  
        rs.Url = "http://myserver/reportserver/ReportExecution2005.asmx";  

        // Render arguments  
        byte[] result = null;  
        string reportPath = "/AdventureWorks Sample Reports/Employee Sales Summary";  
        string format = "MHTML";  
        string historyID = null;  
        string devInfo = @"<DeviceInfo><Toolbar>False</Toolbar></DeviceInfo>";  

        // Prepare report parameter.  
        ParameterValue[] parameters = new ParameterValue[3];  
        parameters[0] = new ParameterValue();  
        parameters[0].Name = "EmpID";  
        parameters[0].Value = "288";  
        parameters[1] = new ParameterValue();  
        parameters[1].Name = "ReportMonth";  
        parameters[1].Value = "6"; // June  
        parameters[2] = new ParameterValue();  
        parameters[2].Name = "ReportYear";  
        parameters[2].Value = "2004";  

        DataSourceCredentials[] credentials = null;  
        string showHideToggle = null;  
        string encoding;  
        string mimeType;  
        string extension;  
        Warning[] warnings = null;  
        ParameterValue[] reportHistoryParameters = null;  
        string[] streamIDs = null;  

        ExecutionInfo execInfo = new ExecutionInfo();  
        ExecutionHeader execHeader = new ExecutionHeader();  

        rs.ExecutionHeaderValue = execHeader;  

        execInfo = rs.LoadReport(reportPath, historyID);  

        rs.SetExecutionParameters(parameters, "en-us");   
        String SessionId = rs.ExecutionHeaderValue.ExecutionID;  

        Console.WriteLine("SessionID: {0}", rs.ExecutionHeaderValue.ExecutionID);  

            result = rs.Render(format, devInfo, out extension, out encoding, out mimeType, out warnings, out streamIDs);  

            execInfo = rs.GetExecutionInfo();  

            Console.WriteLine("Execution date and time: {0}", execInfo.ExecutionDateTime);  

        catch (SoapException e)  
        // Write the contents of the report to an MHTML file.  
            FileStream stream = File.Create("report.mht", result.Length);  
            Console.WriteLine("File created.");  
            stream.Write(result, 0, result.Length);  
            Console.WriteLine("Result written to the file.");  
        catch (Exception e)  



The table below shows header and permissions information on this operation.

SOAP Header Usage (In) TrustedUserHeaderValue

(In) ExecutionHeaderValue

(Out) ServerInfoHeaderValue
Native Mode Required Permissions On the main report and all subreports: ReadProperties AND ExecuteAndView
SharePoint Mode Required Permissions On the main report and all subreports: <xref:Microsoft.SharePoint.SPBasePermissions.ViewListItems>

Render renders a processed report associated with the report execution identified in the ExecutionInfo header. If no temporary snapshot exists for the processed report in the execution state, this method will execute the report (if all credential and parameter requirements are met), resulting in a temporary snapshot being created for the execution state. If the report is reprocessed because non-query parameter values have changed, a new temporary snapshot is created. For more information on execution state, see Identifying Execution State.

If the execution options are set to cache or execution snapshot, the call to Render may use an existing snapshot.

If the report is set to cache and the supplied parameter values and credentials match, the cached copy of the snapshot may be loaded instead of actually processing the report.

If credential and parameter requirements are not met, this method will return an error.

Subsequent calls to Render can be used to fetch additional pages of the report if the rendering extension supports specifying multiple pages.

A limitation of the Render method is that the output cannot be streamed, so the entire file must be in-memory.

Please see Identifying Execution State for a discussion of the execution life cycle, which includes a description of the steps necessary to load and render a report.

Applies to