# Math.Atan2(Double, Double) Method

## Definition

Important

Some information relates to prerelease product that may be substantially modified before it’s released. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information provided here.

Returns the angle whose tangent is the quotient of two specified numbers.

```
public:
static double Atan2(double y, double x);
```

`public static double Atan2 (double y, double x);`

`static member Atan2 : double * double -> double`

`Public Shared Function Atan2 (y As Double, x As Double) As Double`

#### Parameters

- y
- Double

The y coordinate of a point.

- x
- Double

The x coordinate of a point.

#### Returns

An angle, θ, measured in radians, such that tan(θ) = `y`

/ `x`

, where (`x`

, `y`

) is a point in the Cartesian plane. Observe the following:

For (

`x`

,`y`

) in quadrant 1, 0 < θ < π/2.For (

`x`

,`y`

) in quadrant 2, π/2 < θ ≤ π.For (

`x`

,`y`

) in quadrant 3, -π ≤ θ < -π/2.For (

`x`

,`y`

) in quadrant 4, -π/2 < θ < 0.

For points on the boundaries of the quadrants, the return value is the following:

If y is 0 and x is not negative, θ = 0.

If y is 0 and x is negative, θ = π.

If y is positive and x is 0, θ = π/2.

If y is negative and x is 0, θ = -π/2.

If y is 0 and x is 0, θ = 0.

If `x`

or `y`

is NaN, or if `x`

and `y`

are either PositiveInfinity or NegativeInfinity, the method returns NaN.

## Examples

The following example demonstrates how to calculate the arctangent of an angle and a vector. The resulting value is displayed in the console.

```
// This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
// Math.Atan2()
// Math.Tan()
using namespace System;
int main()
{
double x = 1.0;
double y = 2.0;
double angle;
double radians;
double result;
// Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
angle = 30;
radians = angle * (Math::PI / 180);
result = Math::Tan( radians );
Console::WriteLine( "The tangent of 30 degrees is {0}.", result );
// Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
radians = Math::Atan( result );
angle = radians * (180 / Math::PI);
Console::WriteLine( "The previous tangent is equivalent to {0} degrees.", angle );
// Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
String^ line1 = "{0}The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and ";
String^ line2 = "a vector to point ({0},{1}) is {2}, ";
String^ line3 = "which is equivalent to {0} degrees.";
radians = Math::Atan2( y, x );
angle = radians * (180 / Math::PI);
Console::WriteLine( line1, Environment::NewLine );
Console::WriteLine( line2, x, y, radians );
Console::WriteLine( line3, angle );
}
/*
This example produces the following results:
The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.
The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
*/
```

```
// This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
// Math.Atan2()
// Math.Tan()
using System;
class Sample
{
public static void Main()
{
double x = 1.0;
double y = 2.0;
double angle;
double radians;
double result;
// Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
angle = 30;
radians = angle * (Math.PI/180);
result = Math.Tan(radians);
Console.WriteLine("The tangent of 30 degrees is {0}.", result);
// Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
radians = Math.Atan(result);
angle = radians * (180/Math.PI);
Console.WriteLine("The previous tangent is equivalent to {0} degrees.", angle);
// Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
String line1 = "{0}The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and ";
String line2 = "a vector to point ({0},{1}) is {2}, ";
String line3 = "which is equivalent to {0} degrees.";
radians = Math.Atan2(y, x);
angle = radians * (180/Math.PI);
Console.WriteLine(line1, Environment.NewLine);
Console.WriteLine(line2, x, y, radians);
Console.WriteLine(line3, angle);
}
}
/*
This example produces the following results:
The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.
The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
*/
```

```
// This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
// Math.Atan2()
// Math.Tan()
// Functions 'atan', 'atan2', and 'tan' may be used instead.
open System
[<EntryPoint>]
let main _ =
let x = 1.
let y = 2.
// Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
let angle = 30.
let radians = angle * (Math.PI / 180.)
let result = Math.Tan radians
printfn $"The tangent of 30 degrees is {result}."
// Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
let radians = Math.Atan result
let angle = radians * (180. / Math.PI)
printfn $"The previous tangent is equivalent to {angle} degrees."
// Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
let radians = Math.Atan2(y, x)
let angle = radians * (180. / Math.PI)
printfn
$"""The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
a vector to point ({x},{y}) is {radians},
which is equivalent to {angle} degrees."""
0
//This example produces the following results:
// The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
// The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.
//
// The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
// a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
// which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
```

```
' This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
' Math.Atan2()
' Math.Tan()
Class Sample
Public Shared Sub Main()
Dim x As Double = 1.0
Dim y As Double = 2.0
Dim angle As Double
Dim radians As Double
Dim result As Double
' Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
angle = 30
radians = angle *(Math.PI / 180)
result = Math.Tan(radians)
Console.WriteLine("The tangent of 30 degrees is {0}.", result)
' Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
radians = Math.Atan(result)
angle = radians *(180 / Math.PI)
Console.WriteLine("The previous tangent is equivalent to {0} degrees.", angle)
' Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
Dim line1 As [String] = "{0}The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and "
Dim line2 As [String] = "a vector to point ({0},{1}) is {2}, "
Dim line3 As [String] = "which is equivalent to {0} degrees."
radians = Math.Atan2(y, x)
angle = radians *(180 / Math.PI)
Console.WriteLine(line1, Environment.NewLine)
Console.WriteLine(line2, x, y, radians)
Console.WriteLine(line3, angle)
End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
'The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.
'
'The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
'a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
'which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
'
```

## Remarks

The return value is the angle in the Cartesian plane formed by the x-axis, and a vector starting from the origin, (0,0), and terminating at the point, (x,y).

This method calls into the underlying C runtime, and the exact result or valid input range may differ between different operating systems or architectures.