Create a public folder mailbox in Exchange Server
Before you can create a public folder in Exchange server, you must first create a public folder mailbox. Public folder mailboxes contain the hierarchy information as well as the content for public folders.
The first public folder mailbox that you create in the organization is the primary hierarchy mailbox, which contains the only writable copy of the public folder hierarchy. Any additional public folder mailboxes that you create are secondary hierarchy mailboxes, which contain a read-only copy of the public folder hierarchy. You can create multiple public folder mailboxes for load balancing.
For more information about the storage quotas and limits for public folders in on-premises Exchange, see Limits for public folders.
For additional management tasks related to public folders in Exchange Server, see Public folder procedures.
What do you need to know before you begin?
Estimated time to complete: less than 5 minutes.
Public folders on Exchange 2010 servers can't exist in the same organization with Exchange 2016 or later public folders. If you try to create a public folder mailbox when you still have legacy public folders, you'll receive the error An existing Public Folder deployment has been detected. To migrate existing Public Folder data, create new Public Folder mailbox using -HoldForMigration switch.
Before you can create public folders in Exchange Server 2016 or later, you need to migrate your Exchange 2010 public folders by following the steps in Use batch migration to migrate public folders from Exchange 2010 to Exchange 2016.
To move your public folder mailboxes from Exchange 2013 to Exchange 2016 or Exchange 2019, see Migrate public folders from Exchange 2013 to Exchange 2016 or Exchange 2019.
For more information about the Exchange admin center, see Exchange admin center in Exchange Server. To learn how to open the Exchange Management Shell in your on-premises Exchange organization, see Open the Exchange Management Shell.
You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "Public folders" entry in the Sharing and collaboration permissions topic.
For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.
Use the EAC to create a public folder mailbox
In the EAC, go to Public folders > Public folder mailboxes, and then click Add .
In the New public folder mailbox page that opens, enter the following information:
Name: Enter the name for the public folder mailbox.
Organizational unit: Click Browse to select the location in Active Directory where the mailbox object is created.
Mailbox database: Click Browse to select the mailbox database where the mailbox is created.
When you're finished, click Save.
Use the Exchange Management Shell to create a public folder mailbox
To create a public folder mailbox, use the following syntax:
New-Mailbox -PublicFolder -Name <Name>
This example creates the primary hierarchy public folder mailbox named Master Hierarchy, because this is the first public folder mailbox in the organization (the value of the Name parameter doesn't determine whether the mailbox is the primary hierarchy public folder mailbox).
New-Mailbox -PublicFolder -Name "Master Hierarchy"
This example creates a secondary hierarchy public folder mailbox named Istanbul, because this isn't the first public folder mailbox in the organization (the value of the Name parameter doesn't determine whether the mailbox is a secondary hierarchy public folder mailbox).
New-Mailbox -PublicFolder -Name Istanbul
For detailed syntax and parameter information, see New-Mailbox.
How do you know this worked?
To verify that you've successfully created a public folder mailbox, do any of these steps:
In the EAC, go to Public folders > Public folder mailboxes and verify the public folder mailbox is listed. The primary hierarchy public folder mailbox has the value Primary Hierarchy for the Contains property. All other public folder mailboxes have the value Secondary Hierarchy for the Contains property.
In the Exchange Management Shell, run the following command to verify the mailbox is listed, and check the value of the IsRootPublicFolderMailbox property to see if the mailbox is the primary hierarchy public folder mailbox (
True) or a secondary hierarchy public folder mailbox (
Get-Mailbox -PublicFolder | Format-Table -Auto Name,ServerName,Database,IsRootPublicFolderMailbox
In the Exchange Management Shell, run the following commands to verify the primary hierarchy public folder mailbox:
Run the following command:
Get-OrganizationConfig | Format-List RootPublicFolderMailbox
Use the GUID value returned by the first command with Get-Mailbox to confirm the mailbox name. You can copy the GUID value by right-clicking in the Exchange Management Shell window, selecting Mark, highlighting the GUID value, and then pressing ENTER.
Get-Mailbox -PublicFolder -Identity <GUID>