Azure Synapse Artifacts client library for Java - version 1.0.0-beta.15

Azure Synapse is a limitless analytics service that brings together enterprise data warehousing and Big Data analytics. It gives you the freedom to query data on your terms, using either serverless on-demand or provisioned resources—at scale. Azure Synapse brings these two worlds together with a unified experience to ingest, prepare, manage, and serve data for immediate BI and machine learning needs.

The Azure Synapse Analytics development client library enables programmatically managing artifacts, offering methods to create, update, list, and delete pipelines, datasets, data flows, notebooks, Spark job definitions, SQL scripts, linked services and triggers.

Source code | API reference documentation | Product documentation | Samples

Getting started

Adding the package to your project

Maven dependency for the Azure Synapse Artifacts client library. Add it to your project's POM file.



  • Java Development Kit (JDK) with version 8 or above
  • An Azure subscription.
  • An existing Azure Synapse workspace. If you need to create an Azure Synapse workspace, you can use the Azure Portal or Azure CLI.
    az synapse workspace create \
        --name <your-workspace-name> \
        --resource-group <your-resource-group-name> \
        --storage-account <your-storage-account-name> \
        --file-system <your-storage-file-system-name> \
        --sql-admin-login-user <your-sql-admin-user-name> \
        --sql-admin-login-password <your-sql-admin-user-password> \
        --location <your-workspace-location>

Authenticate the client

In order to interact with the Azure Synapse service, you'll need to create an instance of the ArtifactsClient class. You would need a workspace endpoint and client secret credentials (client id, client secret, tenant id) to instantiate a client object using the default DefaultAzureCredential examples shown in this document.

The DefaultAzureCredential way of authentication by providing client secret credentials is being used in this getting started section but you can find more ways to authenticate with azure-identity.

Create/Get credentials

To create/get client secret credentials you can use the Azure Portal, Azure CLI or Azure Cloud Shell

Here is an Azure Cloud Shell snippet below to

  • Create a service principal and configure its access to Azure resources:

    az ad sp create-for-rbac -n <your-application-name> --skip-assignment


        "appId": "generated-app-ID",
        "displayName": "dummy-app-name",
        "name": "http://dummy-app-name",
        "password": "random-password",
        "tenant": "tenant-ID"

Create Artifacts client

Once you've populated the AZURE_CLIENT_ID, AZURE_CLIENT_SECRET, and AZURE_TENANT_ID environment variables and replaced your-workspace-endpoint with the URI returned above, you can create artifact clients. For example, the following code creates PipelineClient:


PipelineClient client = new ArtifactsClientBuilder()
    .httpLogOptions(new HttpLogOptions().setLogLevel(HttpLogDetailLevel.BODY_AND_HEADERS))
    .credential(new DefaultAzureCredentialBuilder().build())

NOTE: For using an asynchronous client use PipelineAsyncClient instead of ArtifactsClient and call buildPipelineAsyncClient()

Key concepts

Pipeline Client

The pipline client performs the interactions with the Azure Synapse service for getting, setting, updating, deleting, and listing piplines. Asynchronous (PipelineAsyncClient) and synchronous (PipelineClient) clients exist in the SDK allowing for the selection of a client based on an application's use case.


The Azure.Analytics.Synapse.Artifacts package supports synchronous and asynchronous APIs. The following section covers some of the most common Azure Synapse Analytics artifacts related tasks:

Sync API

The following sections provide several code snippets covering some of the most common Azure Synapse Artifacts service tasks, including:

Pipeline examples

Create a pipeline

createOrUpdatePipeline creates a pipeline.

String pipelineName = "MyPipeline" + new Random().nextInt(1000);
PipelineResource createdPipeline = client.createOrUpdatePipeline(pipelineName, new PipelineResource()
    .setActivities(new ArrayList<>()));
System.out.printf("Created pipeline with id: %s\n", createdPipeline.getId());

Retrieve a pipeline

GetPipeline retrieves a pipeline.

PipelineResource retrievedPipeline = client.getPipeline(pipelineName);

List pipelines

GetPipelinesByWorkspace enumerates the pipeines in the Synapse workspace.

PagedIterable<PipelineResource> pipelines = client.getPipelinesByWorkspace();
for (PipelineResource p : pipelines) {
    System.out.printf("Retrieved pipeline with id: %s\n", p.getId());

Delete a pipeline

DeletePipeline deletes a pipeline.


Async API

The following sections provide several code snippets covering some of the most common asynchronous Azure Synapse Artifacts service tasks, including:

Note : You should add or Thread.sleep() after the function calls in the main class/thread to allow async functions/operations to execute and finish before the main application/thread exits.

Create a pipeline asynchronously

createOrUpdatePipeline creates a pipeline.

String pipelineName = "MyPipeline" + new Random().nextInt(1000);
client.createOrUpdatePipeline(pipelineName, new PipelineResource().setActivities(new ArrayList<>()))
    .subscribe(p -> System.out.printf("Created pipeline with id: %s\n", p.getId()));

Retrieve a pipeline asynchronously

getPipeline retrieves a pipeline.

client.getPipeline(pipelineName).subscribe(pipelineResponse ->
    System.out.printf("Retrieved pipeline with id: %s\n", pipelineResponse.getId()));

List pipelines asynchronously

getPipelinesByWorkspace enumerates the pipelines in the Synapse workspace.

client.getPipelinesByWorkspace().subscribe(pipeline ->
        System.out.printf("Retrieved pipeline with id: %s\n", pipeline.getId()));

Delete a pipeline asynchronously

deletePipeline deletes a pipeline.




Azure Synapse Artifacts clients raise exceptions. For example, if you try to retrieve an artifact after it is deleted a 404 error is returned, indicating the resource was not found. In the following snippet, the error is handled gracefully by catching the exception and displaying additional information about the error.

try {
    PipelineResource deletedPipeline = client.getPipeline(pipelineName);
} catch (ResourceNotFoundException e) {

Default HTTP client

All client libraries by default use the Netty HTTP client. Adding the above dependency will automatically configure the client library to use the Netty HTTP client. Configuring or changing the HTTP client is detailed in the HTTP clients wiki.

Default SSL library

All client libraries, by default, use the Tomcat-native Boring SSL library to enable native-level performance for SSL operations. The Boring SSL library is an Uber JAR containing native libraries for Linux / macOS / Windows, and provides better performance compared to the default SSL implementation within the JDK. For more information, including how to reduce the dependency size, refer to the performance tuning section of the wiki.

Next steps

Several Synapse Java SDK samples are available to you in the SDK's GitHub repository. These samples provide example code for additional scenarios commonly encountered while working with Azure Synapse Analytics.

Additional documentation

For more extensive documentation on Azure Synapse Analytics, see the API reference documentation.


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