Installing PowerShellGet on Windows
Windows PowerShell 5.1 comes with version 126.96.36.199 of PowerShellGet preinstalled. This version of PowerShellGet has a limited features and doesn't support the updated capabilities of the PowerShell Gallery. To be supported, you must update to the latest version.
PowerShell 6.0 shipped with version 1.6.0 of PowerShellGet. PowerShell 7.0 shipped with version 2.2.3 of PowerShellGet. The current supported version of PowerShellGet is 2.2.5. If you are running Windows PowerShell 5.1, you must install a newer version.
For best results, you should always install the latest supported version.
Updating the preinstalled version of PowerShellGet
The PowerShellGet module includes cmdlets to install and update modules:
Install-Moduleinstalls the latest (non-prerelease) version of a module.
Update-Moduleinstalls the latest (non-prerelease) version of a module if it is newer than the currently installed module. However, this cmdlet only works if the previous version was installed using
To update the preinstalled module you must use
Install-Module. After you have installed the new
version from the PowerShell Gallery, you can use
Update-Module to install newer releases.
Updating PowerShellGet for Windows PowerShell 5.1
PowerShellGet requires .NET Framework 4.5 or above. For more information, see Install the .NET Framework for developers.
To access the PowerShell Gallery, you must use Transport Layer Security (TLS) 1.2 or higher. By default, PowerShell is not configured to use TLS 1.2. Use the following command to enable TLS 1.2 in your PowerShell session.
[Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor [Net.SecurityProtocolType]::Tls12
We also recommend adding this line of code to your PowerShell profile script. For more information about profiles, see about_Profiles.
Installing the latest version of PowerShellGet
Windows PowerShell 5.1 comes with PowerShellGet version 188.8.131.52, which doesn't include the NuGet provider. The provider is required by PowerShellGet when working with the PowerShell Gallery.
The following commands must be run from an elevated PowerShell session. Right-click the PowerShell icon and choose Run as administrator to start an elevated session.
There are two ways to install the NuGet provider:
Install-PackageProviderto install NuGet before installing other modules
Run the following command to install the NuGet provider.
Install-PackageProvider -Name NuGet -Force
After you have installed the provider you should be able to use any of the PowerShellGet cmdlets with the PowerShell Gallery.
Install-Moduleprompt you to install the NuGet provider
The following command attempts to install the updated PowerShellGet module without the NuGet provider.
Install-Module PowerShellGet -AllowClobber -Force
Install-Moduleprompts you to install the NuGet provider. Type Y to install the provider.
NuGet provider is required to continue PowerShellGet requires NuGet provider version '184.108.40.206' or newer to interact with NuGet-based repositories. The NuGet provider must be available in 'C:\Program Files\PackageManagement\ProviderAssemblies' or 'C:\Users\user1\AppData\Local\PackageManagement\ProviderAssemblies'. You can also install the NuGet provider by running 'Install-PackageProvider -Name NuGet -MinimumVersion 220.127.116.11 -Force'. Do you want PowerShellGet to install and import the NuGet provider now? [Y] Yes [N] No [S] Suspend [?] Help (default is "Y"): Y VERBOSE: Installing NuGet provider.
If you have not configured TLS 1.2, any attempts to install the NuGet provider and other packages will fail.
After installing PowerShellGet
After you have installed the new version of PowerShellGet, you should open a new PowerShell session. PowerShell automatically loads the newest version of the module when you use a PowerShellGet cmdlet.
We also recommend that you register the PowerShell Gallery as a trusted repository. Use the following command:
Set-PSRepository -Name PSGallery -InstallationPolicy Trusted
For more information, see Set-PSRepository.
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