SPFieldCollection class

Represents a collection of SPField objects.

Inheritance hierarchy


Namespace:  Microsoft.SharePoint
Assembly:  Microsoft.SharePoint (in Microsoft.SharePoint.dll)


Public Class SPFieldCollection _
    Inherits SPBaseCollection
Dim instance As SPFieldCollection
public class SPFieldCollection : SPBaseCollection


Use the Fields property of either the SPList class or the SPListItem class to return the collection of fields for a list or list item. Use the Fields property of the SPWeb class to return the fields in the website, and use the Fields property of the SPContentType class to get the fields that are associated with the content type. To create a field, use the Add method.

Use an indexer to return a single field from the collection. For example, assuming the collection has been assigned to a variable named collFields, use collFields[index] in C#, or collFields(index) in Visual Basic, where index is either the index number of the field in the collection or the display name of the field.


The following code example adds a new text field to the Announcements list of a specified website that is displayed in the default view of the list.

Dim webSite As SPWeb = SPContext.Current.Site.AllWebs("MySite")
    Dim list As SPList = webSite.GetList("Lists/Announcements/AllItems.aspx")
    Dim fields As SPFieldCollection = list.Fields

    Dim newFieldName As String = fields.Add("MyNewField", SPFieldType.Text, False)

    Dim fieldAdd As SPField = fields.GetField(newFieldName)

    Dim view As SPView = list.DefaultView
    Dim viewFields As SPViewFieldCollection = view.ViewFields
End Try
using (SPWeb oWebsite = SPContext.Current.Site.AllWebs["MySite"])
    SPList oList = oWebsite.GetList("Lists/Announcements/AllItems.aspx");
    SPFieldCollection collFields = oList.Fields;

    string strNewFieldName = collFields.Add("MyNewField", SPFieldType.Text, false);
    SPField oField = collFields.GetField(strNewFieldName);

    SPView oView = oList.DefaultView;
    SPViewFieldCollection collViewFields = oView.ViewFields;


Certain objects implement the IDisposable interface, and you must avoid retaining these objects in memory after they are no longer needed. For information about good coding practices, see Disposing Objects.

Thread safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

See also


SPFieldCollection members

Microsoft.SharePoint namespace