Randomize Function (Visual Basic)

Initializes the random-number generator.

Public Shared Sub Randomize ([ Number ])


  • Number
    Optional. An Object or any valid numeric expression.


Randomize uses Number to initialize the Rnd function's random-number generator, giving it a new seed value. If you omit Number, the value returned by the system timer is used as the new seed value.

If Randomize is not used, the Rnd function (with no arguments) uses the same number as a seed the first time it is called, and thereafter uses the last-generated number as a seed value.


To repeat sequences of random numbers, call Rnd with a negative argument immediately before using Randomize with a numeric argument. Using Randomize with the same value for Number does not repeat the previous sequence.

Security noteSecurity Note:

Because the Random statement and the Rnd function start with a seed value and generate numbers that fall within a finite range, the results may be predictable by someone who knows the algorithm used to generate them. Consequently, the Random statement and the Rnd function should not be used to generate random numbers for use in cryptography. For more information, see RandomNumberGenerator.


This example uses the Randomize statement to initialize the random-number generator. Because the number argument has been omitted, Randomize uses the return value from the Timer function as the new seed value.

' Initialize the random-number generator.
' Generate random value between 1 and 6. 
Dim value As Integer = CInt(Int((6 * Rnd()) + 1))




Assembly: Visual Basic Runtime Library (in Microsoft.VisualBasic.dll)

See Also


Math Summary

Rnd Function (Visual Basic)