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int DrawText( const CString& str**, LPRECT** lpRect**, UINT** nFormat );

Return Value

The height of the text if the function is successful.



Points to the string to be drawn. If nCount is –1, the string must be null-terminated.


Specifies the number of chars in the string. If nCount is –1, then lpszString is assumed to be a long pointer to a null-terminated string and DrawText computes the character count automatically.


Points to a RECT structure or CRect object that contains the rectangle (in logical coordinates) in which the text is to be formatted.


 A CString object that contains the specified characters to be drawn.


Specifies the method of formatting the text. It can be any combination of the following values (combine using the bitwise OR operator):

  • DT_BOTTOM   Specifies bottom-justified text. This value must be combined with DT_SINGLELINE.

  • DT_CALCRECT   Determines the width and height of the rectangle. If there are multiple lines of text, DrawText will use the width of the rectangle pointed to by lpRect and extend the base of the rectangle to bound the last line of text. If there is only one line of text, DrawText will modify the right side of the rectangle so that it bounds the last character in the line. In either case, DrawText returns the height of the formatted text, but does not draw the text.

  • DT_CENTER   Centers text horizontally.

  • DT_END_ELLIPSIS or **DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS   **Replaces part of the given string with ellipses, if necessary, so that the result fits in the specified rectangle. The given string is not modified unless the DT_MODIFYSTRING flag is specified.

    You can specify DT_END_ELLIPSIS to replace characters at the end of the string, or DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS to replace characters in the middle of the string. If the string contains backslash (\) characters, DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS preserves as much as possible of the text after the last backslash.

  • DT_EXPANDTABS   Expands tab characters. The default number of characters per tab is eight.

  • DT_EXTERNALLEADING   Includes the font’s external leading in the line height. Normally, external leading is not included in the height of a line of text.

  • DT_LEFT   Aligns text flush-left.

  • **DT_MODIFYSTRING   **Modifies the given string to match the displayed text. This flag has no effect unless the DT_END_ELLIPSIS or DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS flag is specified.

    Note Some uFormat flag combinations can cause the passed string to be modified. Using DT_MODIFYSTRING with either DT_END_ELLIPSIS or DT_PATH_ELLIPSIS may cause the string to be modified, causing an assertion in the CString override.

  • DT_NOCLIP   Draws without clipping. DrawText is somewhat faster when DT_NOCLIP is used.

  • DT_NOPREFIX   Turns off processing of prefix characters. Normally, DrawText interprets the ampersand (&) mnemonic-prefix character as a directive to underscore the character that follows, and the two-ampersand (&&) mnemonic-prefix characters as a directive to print a single ampersand. By specifying DT_NOPREFIX, this processing is turned off.


  • DT_RIGHT   Aligns text flush-right.

  • DT_SINGLELINE   Specifies single line only. Carriage returns and linefeeds do not break the line.

  • DT_TABSTOP   Sets tab stops. The high-order byte of nFormat is the number of characters for each tab. The default number of characters per tab is eight.

  • DT_TOP   Specifies top-justified text (single line only).

  • DT_VCENTER   Specifies vertically centered text (single line only).

  • DT_WORDBREAK   Specifies word-breaking. Lines are automatically broken between words if a word would extend past the edge of the rectangle specified by lpRect. A carriage return–linefeed sequence will also break the line.

****Note **** The values DT_CALCRECT, DT_EXTERNALLEADING, DT_INTERNAL, DT_NOCLIP, and DT_NOPREFIX cannot be used with the DT_TABSTOP value.


Call this member function to format text in the given rectangle. It formats text by expanding tabs into appropriate spaces, aligning text to the left, right, or center of the given rectangle, and breaking text into lines that fit within the given rectangle. The type of formatting is specified by nFormat.

This member function uses the device context’s selected font, text color, and background color to draw the text. Unless the DT_NOCLIP format is used, DrawText clips the text so that the text does not appear outside the given rectangle. All formatting is assumed to have multiple lines unless the DT_SINGLELINE format is given.

If the selected font is too large for the specified rectangle, the DrawText member function does not attempt to substitute a smaller font.

If the DT_CALCRECT flag is specified, the rectangle specified by lpRect will be updated to reflect the width and height needed to draw the text.

If the TA_UPDATECP text-alignment flag has been set (see CDC::SetTextAlign), DrawText will display text starting at the current position, rather than at the left of the given rectangle. DrawText will not wrap text when the TA_UPDATECP flag has been set (that is, the DT_WORDBREAK flag will have no effect).

The text color may be set by CDC::SetTextColor.

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See Also   CDC::SetTextColor, CDC::ExtTextOut, CDC::TabbedTextOut, CDC::TextOut, , RECT, CDC::SetTextAlign