View element (Site)

Applies to: SharePoint 2016 | SharePoint Foundation 2013 | SharePoint Online | SharePoint Server 2013

Used within a site definition to specify a list view for a page within a module.

  AggregateView = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  BaseViewID = "Integer"
  DefaultView = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  DisplayName = "Text"
  FailIfEmpty = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  FileDialog = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  FPModified = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  FreeForm = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  Hidden = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  List = "Integer" } "Text"
  Name = "Text"
  OrderedView = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  PageType = "Text"
  Path = "Text"
  ReadOnly = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  RecurrenceRowset = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  RowLimit = "Integer"
  Scope = "Text"
  ShowHeaderUI = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  Threaded = "TRUE" | "FALSE"
  Type = "HTML" | "Chart" | "Pivot"
  Url = "URL"
  WebPartOrder = "Integer"
  WebPartZoneID = "Text">

Elements and attributes

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.


Attribute Description
Optional Boolean. TRUE to specify that the view is a Merge Forms view used in an XML Form library. By default, an XML Form library is provisioned with a Merge Forms view that is initially hidden. When an XML editor is used to publish an XML Form Properties (XFP) file to the Forms directory of the library along with a template used by the editor, the AggregateView attribute identifies the Merge Forms view, which can be made visible or hidden depending on whether the list template or definition for the library supports data merging.
Optional Integer. Specifies the ID of the base view.
Optional Boolean. TRUE to specify that the view is the default view.
Optional Text. Specifies the name of the view that is displayed on the Quick Launch bar.
Optional Boolean. If the view returns no items, TRUE to return a blank page and an HTTP error code instead of rendering the ViewEmpty element. Used for programmatic manipulation of views from a client application, preventing the client application from having to parse a document to discover whether the view is empty.
Optional Boolean. TRUE to specify that the view is displayed in file dialog boxes for applications used within the context of Microsoft SharePoint Foundation, which parse the output HTML to determine the contents of the list.
Optional Boolean. TRUE if the view has been altered through editing in a webpage editor, and the view is no longer customizable by the SharePoint Foundation user interface (UI).
Optional Boolean. TRUE to specify alternate field formatting for rendering certain field types. In particular, this affects the alignment of number columns, which is particularly useful in custom nontabular view types.
Optional Boolean. TRUE to hide the view.
Optional Integer or Text. Specifies the type of list. This value can be either the ID of the template for a list (an integer), or the URL to a list provisioned in the site (a string). Best practice is to use Text, because Integer might not be specific enough (e.g., if there are two announcements lists in the site and you specify List=104).
Optional Text. The name given to the view (used to select a different named view in the UI as well as to refer to a named view in specifying a filter for a Lookup field).
Optional Boolean. TRUE to specify that the view is ordered.
Optional Text. Specifies the type of form in which the view is used.

Possible values include the following:
DEFAULTVIEW Default view.
DIALOGVIEW File dialog box view.
DISPLAYFORM Display form for list items.
DISPLAYFORMDIALOG Display form for a file dialog box.
EDITFORM Edit form for list items.
EDITFORMDIALOG Edit form for a file dialog box.
INVALID Not used.
MAXITEMS Not used.
NEWFORM New form for list items.
NEWFORMDIALOG New form for a file dialog box.
NORMALVIEW Normal view.
SOLUTIONFORM Solution form.
VIEW View, including both default view and normal view.
Optional Text. Specifies the file name for the view.
Optional Boolean. TRUE to make the view read-only.
Optional Boolean. TRUE to expand recurring events in the view and display each instance of each recurring event. The default value is FALSE.
Optional Integer. Applies to the HTML view type only. Specifies the maximum number of rows to render on any one page. When the row limit is exceeded, the Next and Previous buttons on the page allow for viewing other parts of the returned recordset.
If RowLimit is not specified, the default number of Rows returned is 50. If "None" is specified for the view type, all the rows of the recordset are returned in one view.

When a view is rendered, the render variables ViewHasNext and ViewHasPrev are set to TRUE or FALSE, based on whether the current view has reached the row limit from the dataset. These variables can be used in successive page definitions to render Next and Previous buttons on the page, as in the following example:
<Switch> <Expr><GetVar Name="ViewHasPrev"/></Expr> <Case Value="TRUE"><![CDATA[...Previous button defined here... ]]> </Case></Switch>

The variables NextPageURL and PrevPageURL are also set to nonblank values when there is forward or backward paging content from the current display. These variables can be used by constructing the Next and Previous buttons to have the correct URL for accessing the next page of content.
Optional Text. Specifies the recursive scope for a view of a document library.

Possible values include the following:
FilesOnly—Show only the files of a specific folder.
Recursive—Show all files of all folders.
RecursiveAll—Show all files and all subfolders of all folders.

If this attribute is not set, the view displays only the files and subfolders of a specific folder. The value of this attribute corresponds to the Scope property of the SPView class.
Optional Boolean. FALSE to render all FieldRef elements used in the header display mode without decorating the UI with HTML. In other words, when this mode is set, the UI does not provide sorting and filtering as hyperlinks in the column header. The default value is TRUE.
Optional Boolean. TRUE to apply inner grouping in the view. A threaded view is constructed based on the built-in threading column (assumed to exist for the list). The view is sorted on this field as the secondary sort. If other columns in the view are specified as sorted or grouped, those are applied before the threading column sort order. As a result, all discussions grouped by a topic can be collected together, and the message threading can be displayed beneath the collection.

When TRUE, the RowLimit element has a different meaning when used on a threaded discussion board list view. Instead of specifying the number of items to return, it specifies the number of discussion threads to return, where a thread could consist of one or more items. In addition to having the Threaded attribute set to TRUE, a threaded view must be sorted by the thread ID in order for this row limit behavior to take effect.
Optional Text. Specifies the rendering type of the view. The type is the common enumerated HTML view and can be set to HTML, Chart, Pivot, GANTT, or CALENDAR.
Optional URL. Specifies the URL for the view.
Optional Integer. Specifies the vertical positioning of the web part within a zone.
Optional Text. Specifies the zone for the web part.

Child elements

Parent elements


  • Minimum: 0
  • Maximum: Unbounded


For an example that uses the View element, see Module element (Site).