blocked process threshold (server configuration option)
Applies to: SQL Server
Use the blocked process threshold option to specify the threshold, in seconds, at which blocked process reports are generated. The threshold can be set from 5 to 86,400. The lock monitor only wakes up every 5 seconds to detect blocking conditions (it is also looking for other conditions such as deadlocks). Therefore, if you set a 'blocked process threshold' value to 1, it will not detect a process that has been blocking for 1 second. The minimum time it can detect a blocked process is 5 seconds.
By default, no blocked process reports are produced. This event is not generated for system tasks or for tasks that are waiting on resources that do not generate detectable deadlocks.
You can define an alert to be executed when this event is generated. So for example, you can choose to page the administrator to take appropriate action to handle the blocking situation.
Blocked process threshold uses the deadlock monitor background thread to walk through the list of tasks waiting for a time greater than or multiples of the configured threshold. The event is generated once per reporting interval for each of the blocked tasks.
The blocked process report is done on a best effort basis. There is no guarantee of any real-time or even close to real-time reporting.
The setting takes effect immediately without a server stop and restart.
The following example sets the
blocked process threshold to
20 seconds, generating a blocked process report for each task that is blocked.
sp_configure 'show advanced options', 1 ; GO RECONFIGURE ; GO sp_configure 'blocked process threshold', 20 ; GO RECONFIGURE ; GO