<source data query> - SHAPE

Applies to: SQL Server Analysis Services

Combines queries from multiple data sources into a single hierarchical table (that is, a table with nested tables), which becomes the case table for the mining model.

The complete syntax of the SHAPE command is documented in the Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) Software Development Kit (SDK).


SHAPE {<primary query>}  
APPEND ({ <child table query> }   
     RELATE <primary column> TO <child column>)   
          AS <column table name>  
     ({ <child table query> }   
     RELATE <primary column> TO <child column>)   
          AS < column table name>  


primary query
The query returning the parent table.

child table query
The query returning the nested table.

primary column
The column in the parent table to identify child rows from the result of a child table query.

child column
The column in the child table to identify the parent row from the result of a primary query.

column table name
The newly appended column name in the parent table for the nested table.


You must order the queries by the column that relates the parent table and child table.


You can use the following example within an INSERT INTO (DMX) statement to train a model containing a nested table. The two tables within the SHAPE statement are related through the OrderNumber column.

    OPENQUERY([Adventure Works DW Multidimensional 2012],'SELECT OrderNumber  
    FROM vAssocSeqOrders ORDER BY OrderNumber')  
} APPEND (  
    {OPENQUERY([Adventure Works DW Multidimensional 2012],'SELECT OrderNumber, model FROM   
    dbo.vAssocSeqLineItems ORDER BY OrderNumber, Model')}  
  RELATE OrderNumber to OrderNumber)   

See Also

<source data query>
Data Mining Extensions (DMX) Data Definition Statements
Data Mining Extensions (DMX) Data Manipulation Statements
Data Mining Extensions (DMX) Statement Reference