Reorganize Index Task (Maintenance Plan)
Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions)
Use the ReorganizeIndex Task dialog to move index pages into a more efficient search order. This task uses the
ALTER INDEX REORGANIZE statement with SQL Server databases.
Select the server connection to use when performing this task.
Create a new server connection to use when performing this task. The New Connection dialog box is described below.
Specify the databases affected by this task.
Generate a maintenance plan that runs maintenance tasks against all SQL Server databases except tempdb.
All system databases
Generate a maintenance plan that runs maintenance tasks against each of the SQL Server system databases except tempdb. No maintenance tasks are run against user-created databases.
All user databases
Generate a maintenance plan that runs maintenance tasks against all user-created databases. No maintenance tasks are run against the SQL Server system databases.
These specific databases
Generate a maintenance plan that runs maintenance tasks against only those databases that are selected. At least one database in the list must be selected if this option is chosen.
Limit the Selection grid to display tables, views, or both.
Specify the tables or indexes affected by this task. Not available when Tables and Views is selected in the Object box.
Compact large objects
Deallocate space for tables and views when possible. This option uses
ALTER INDEX LOB_COMPACTION = ON.
Index stats options
In earlier versions of Microsoft SQL Server it could cause system slowdown to reorganize or rebuild a large index. SQL Server 2016 implemented major performance improvements for these index operations.
Also, in earlier versions the granularity of control was less refined. This caused the system to reorganize or rebuild some indexes even when the indexes were not much fragmented, which was wasteful. Newer controls on the Maintenance Plan user interface (UI) enable you to exclude indexes which do not need to be refreshed, based on index statistics criteria. For this the following dynamic management views (DMVs) of Transact-SQL are used internally:
The system must consume resources to gather index statistics. You can choose between consuming relatively less or more resources depending on how much precision you feel is needed for index statistics. The UI offers the following list of precision levels from which you must choose one:
Optimize index only if:
The UI offers the following tuneable filters that you can use to avoid refreshing indexes which do not yet strongly need refreshing:
- Fragmentation > (%)
- Page Count >
- Used in last (days)
View the Transact-SQL statements performed against the server for this task, based on the selected options.
When the number of objects affected is large, this display can take a considerable amount of time.
New Connection Dialog Box
Enter a name for the new connection.
Select or enter a server name
Select a server to connect to when performing this task.
Refresh the list of available servers.
Enter information to log on to the server
Specify how to authenticate against the server.
Use Windows integrated security
Connect to an instance of the SQL Server Database Engine with Microsoft Windows Authentication.
Use a specific user name and password
Connect to an instance of the SQL Server Database Engine using SQL Server Authentication. This option is not available.
Provide a SQL Server login to use when authenticating. This option is not available.
Provide a password to use when authenticating. This option is not available.
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