sp_cursorprepexec (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Database Azure Synapse Analytics Analytics Platform System (PDW)

Compiles a plan for the submitted cursor statement or batch, then creates and populates the cursor. sp_cursorprepexec combines the functions of sp_cursorprepare and sp_cursorexecute. This procedure is invoked by specifying ID = 5 in a tabular data stream (TDS) packet.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions

Syntax

sp_cursorprepexec prepared handle OUTPUT , cursor OUTPUT , params , statement , options
    [ , scrollopt [ , ccopt [ , rowcount ] ] ]
    [ , '@parameter_name [ , ...n ]' ]

Arguments

prepared handle

A SQL Server generated prepared handle identifier. prepared handle is required and returns int.

cursor

The SQL Server generated cursor identifier. cursor is a required parameter that must be supplied on all subsequent procedures that act upon this cursor, for example, sp_cursorfetch.

params

Identifies parameterized statements. The params definition of variables is substituted for parameter markers in the statement. params is a required parameter that calls for an ntext, nchar, or nvarchar input value.

Note

Use an ntext string as the input value when statement is parameterized and the scrollopt PARAMETERIZED_STMT value is ON.

statement

Defines the cursor result set. The statement parameter is required and calls for an ntext, nchar, or nvarchar input value.

Note

The rules for specifying the statement value are the same as those for sp_cursoropen, with the exception that the statement string data type must be ntext.

options

An optional parameter that returns a description of the cursor result set columns. options require the following int input value.

Value Description
0x0001 RETURN_METADATA

scrollopt

Scroll option. scrollopt is an optional parameter that requires one of the following int input values.

Value Description
0x0001 KEYSET
0x0002 DYNAMIC
0x0004 FORWARD_ONLY
0x0008 STATIC
0x10 FAST_FORWARD
0x1000 PARAMETERIZED_STMT
0x2000 AUTO_FETCH
0x4000 AUTO_CLOSE
0x8000 CHECK_ACCEPTED_TYPES
0x10000 KEYSET_ACCEPTABLE
0x20000 DYNAMIC_ACCEPTABLE
0x40000 FORWARD_ONLY_ACCEPTABLE
0x80000 STATIC_ACCEPTABLE
0x100000 FAST_FORWARD_ACCEPTABLE

Because of the possibility that the requested option isn't appropriate for the cursor defined by statement, this parameter serves as both input and output. In such cases, SQL Server assigns an appropriate type and modifies this value.

ccopt

Concurrency control option. ccopt is an optional parameter that requires one of the following int input values.

Value Description
0x0001 READ_ONLY
0x0002 SCROLL_LOCKS (previously known as LOCKCC)
0x0004 OPTIMISTIC (previously known as OPTCC)
0x0008 OPTIMISTIC (previously known as OPTCCVAL)
0x2000 ALLOW_DIRECT
0x4000 UPDT_IN_PLACE
0x8000 CHECK_ACCEPTED_OPTS
0x10000 READ_ONLY_ACCEPTABLE
0x20000 SCROLL_LOCKS_ACCEPTABLE
0x40000 OPTIMISTIC_ACCEPTABLE
0x80000 OPTIMISITC_ACCEPTABLE

As with scrollopt, SQL Server can assign a different value than the one requested.

rowcount

An optional parameter that signifies the number of fetch buffer rows to use with AUTO_FETCH. The default is 20 rows. rowcount behaves differently when assigned as an input value versus a return value.

As input value As return value
When AUTO_FETCH is specified with FAST_FORWARD cursors rowcount represents the number of rows to place into the fetch buffer. Represents the number of rows in the result set. When the scrollopt AUTO_FETCH value is specified, rowcount returns the number of rows that were fetched into the fetch buffer.

parameter_name

Designates one or more parameter names as defined in the params argument. There must be a parameter supplied for every parameter included in params. This argument isn't required when the Transact-SQL statement or batch in params has no parameters defined.

Return code values

If params returns a NULL value, then the statement isn't parameterized.

Examples

This example demonstrates the use of sp_cursorprepexec. It runs a query against the Person table in the AdventureWorks2022 database returning all records where first name is "Katherine".

USE AdventureWorks2022;
GO

DECLARE @prep_handle INT,
    @cursor INT,
    @scrollopt INT = 4104,
    @ccopt INT = 8193,
    @rowcnt INT;

EXEC sp_cursorprepexec
    @prep_handle OUTPUT,
    @cursor OUTPUT,
    N'@fName nvarchar(100)',
    N'SELECT FirstName, LastName FROM Person.Person WHERE FirstName = @fName',
    @scrollopt,
    @ccopt,
    @rowcnt OUTPUT,
    'Katherine';

EXEC sp_cursorfetch @cursor;

See also