sp_helpdb (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server

Reports information about a specified database or all databases.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


sp_helpdb [ [ @dbname = ] N'dbname' ]
[ ; ]


[ @dbname = ] N'dbname'

The name of the database for which information is reported. @dbname is sysname, with a default of NULL. If @dbname isn't specified, sp_helpdb reports on all databases in the sys.databases catalog view.

Return code values

0 (success) or 1 (failure).

Result set

Column name Data type Description
name sysname Database name.
db_size nvarchar(13) Total size of the database.
owner sysname Database owner, such as sa.
dbid smallint Database ID.
created nvarchar(11) Date the database was created.
status nvarchar(600) Comma-separated list of values of database options that are currently set on the database.

Boolean-valued options are listed only if they're enabled. Non-Boolean options are listed with their corresponding values in the form of <option_name>=<value>.

For more information, see ALTER DATABASE.
compatibility_level tinyint Database compatibility level: 90, 100, 110, 120, 130, 140, 150, or 160.

If @dbname is specified, an extra result set shows the file allocation for the specified database.

Column name Data type Description
name nchar(128) Logical file name.
fileid smallint File ID.
filename nchar(260) Operating-system file name (physical file name).
filegroup nvarchar(128) Filegroup in which the file belongs.

NULL = file is a log file. Log files are never a part of a filegroup.
size nvarchar(18) File size in megabytes.
maxsize nvarchar(18) Maximum size to which the file can grow. A value of UNLIMITED in this field indicates that the file grows until the disk is full.
growth nvarchar(18) Growth increment of the file. This value indicates the amount of space added to the file each time new space is needed.
usage varchar(9) Usage of the file. For a data file, the value is data only and for the log file the value is log only.


The status column in the result set reports which options are set to ON in the database. Not all database options are reported by the status column. To see a complete list of the current database option settings, use the sys.databases catalog view.


When a single database is specified, membership in the public role in the database is required. When no database is specified, membership in the public role in the master database is required.

If a database can't be accessed, sp_helpdb displays error message 15622 and as much information about the database as it can.


A. Return information about a single database

The following example displays information about the AdventureWorks2022 database.

EXEC sp_helpdb N'AdventureWorks2022';

B. Return information about all databases

This following example displays information about all databases on the server running SQL Server.

EXEC sp_helpdb;