Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions)
Updates the metadata for the specified non-schema-bound view. Persistent metadata for a view can become outdated because of changes to the underlying objects upon which the view depends.
sp_refreshview [ @viewname = ] 'viewname'
[ @viewname = ] 'viewname'
Is the name of the view. viewname is nvarchar, with no default. viewname can be a multipart identifier, but can only refer to views in the current database.
Return Code Values
0 (success) or a nonzero number (failure)
If a view is not created with schemabinding, sp_refreshview should be run when changes are made to the objects underlying the view that affect the definition of the view. Otherwise, the view might produce unexpected results when it is queried.
Requires ALTER permission on the view and REFERENCES permission on common language runtime (CLR) user-defined types and XML schema collections that are referenced by the view columns.
A. Updating the metadata of a view
The following example refreshes the metadata for the view
USE AdventureWorks2012; GO EXECUTE sp_refreshview N'Sales.vIndividualCustomer';
B. Creating a script that updates all views that have dependencies on a changed object
Assume that the table
Person.Person was changed in a way that would affect the definition of any views that are created on it. The following example creates a script that refreshes the metadata for all views that have a dependency on table
USE AdventureWorks2012; GO SELECT DISTINCT 'EXEC sp_refreshview ''' + name + '''' FROM sys.objects AS so INNER JOIN sys.sql_expression_dependencies AS sed ON so.object_id = sed.referencing_id WHERE so.type = 'V' AND sed.referenced_id = OBJECT_ID('Person.Person');