dbo.sysjobhistory (Transact-SQL)

Applies to: SQL Server Azure SQL Managed Instance

Contains information about the execution of scheduled jobs by the SQL Server Agent.


In most cases the data is updated only after the job step completes and the table typically contains no records for job steps that are currently in progress, but in some cases underlying processes do provide information about in progress job steps.

This table is stored in the msdb database.

Column name Data type Description
instance_id int Unique identifier for the row.
job_id uniqueidentifier Job ID.
step_id int ID of the step in the job.
step_name sysname Name of the step.
sql_message_id int ID of any SQL Server error message returned if the job failed.
sql_severity int Severity of any SQL Server error.
message nvarchar(4000) Text, if any, of a SQL Server error.
run_status int Status of the job execution:

0 = Failed

1 = Succeeded
2 = Retry
3 = Canceled
4 = In Progress
run_date int Date the job or step started execution, in YYYYMMDD format. For an In Progress history, this is the date/time the history was written.
run_time int Time the job or step started in HHMMSS format.
run_duration int Elapsed time in the execution of the job or step in HHMMSS format for time periods up to 24 hours. Find code to translate longer run durations in the example.
operator_id_emailed int ID of the operator notified when the job completed.
operator_id_netsent int ID of the operator notified by a message when the job completed.
operator_id_paged int ID of the operator notified by pager when the job completed.
retries_attempted int Number of retry attempts for the job or step.
server sysname Name of the server where the job was executed.


The following Transact-SQL query converts the run_date and run_time columns into a single datetime column called LastRunDateTime. The run_duration column is also converted into a more user-friendly format. You can run the script in SQL Server Management Studio or Azure Data Studio.


SELECT sj.name AS [Name],
   sh.step_name AS [StepName],
       LEFT(padded_run_date, 4),         -- year
       SUBSTRING(padded_run_date, 5, 2), -- month
       RIGHT(padded_run_date, 2),        -- day
       LEFT(padded_run_time, 2),         -- hour
       SUBSTRING(padded_run_time, 3, 2), -- minute
       RIGHT(padded_run_time, 2),        -- second
       0) AS [LastRunDateTime],          -- millisecond
       WHEN sh.run_duration > 235959
           THEN CAST((CAST(LEFT(CAST(sh.run_duration AS VARCHAR), LEN(CAST(sh.run_duration AS VARCHAR)) - 4) AS INT) / 24) AS VARCHAR) + '.' + RIGHT('00' + CAST(CAST(LEFT(CAST(sh.run_duration AS VARCHAR), LEN(CAST(sh.run_duration AS VARCHAR)) - 4) AS INT) % 24 AS VARCHAR), 2) + ':' + STUFF(CAST(RIGHT(CAST(sh.run_duration AS VARCHAR), 4) AS VARCHAR(6)), 3, 0, ':')
       ELSE STUFF(STUFF(RIGHT(REPLICATE('0', 6) + CAST(sh.run_duration AS VARCHAR(6)), 6), 3, 0, ':'), 6, 0, ':')
       END AS [LastRunDuration (d.HH:MM:SS)]
FROM msdb.dbo.sysjobs sj
INNER JOIN msdb.dbo.sysjobhistory sh
   ON sj.job_id = sh.job_id
   SELECT RIGHT('000000' + CAST(sh.run_time AS VARCHAR(6)), 6),
       RIGHT('00000000' + CAST(sh.run_date AS VARCHAR(8)), 8)
   ) AS shp(padded_run_time, padded_run_date)

Next steps

Learn more about related concepts in the following articles: