Applies to: SQL Server 2016 (13.x) and later Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics

Extracts a scalar value from a JSON string.

To extract an object or an array from a JSON string instead of a scalar value, see JSON_QUERY (Transact-SQL). For info about the differences between JSON_VALUE and JSON_QUERY, see Compare JSON_VALUE and JSON_QUERY.

Transact-SQL syntax conventions


JSON_VALUE ( expression , path )  


An expression. Typically the name of a variable or a column that contains JSON text.

If JSON_VALUE finds JSON that is not valid in expression before it finds the value identified by path, the function returns an error. If JSON_VALUE doesn't find the value identified by path, it scans the entire text and returns an error if it finds JSON that is not valid anywhere in expression.

A JSON path that specifies the property to extract. For more info, see JSON Path Expressions (SQL Server).

In SQL Server 2017 (14.x) and in Azure SQL Database, you can provide a variable as the value of path.

If the format of path isn't valid, JSON_VALUE returns an error.

Return value

Returns a single text value of type nvarchar(4000). The collation of the returned value is the same as the collation of the input expression.

If the value is greater than 4000 characters:

  • In lax mode, JSON_VALUE returns null.

  • In strict mode, JSON_VALUE returns an error.

If you have to return scalar values greater than 4000 characters, use OPENJSON instead of JSON_VALUE. For more info, see OPENJSON (Transact-SQL).


Lax mode and strict mode

Consider the following JSON text:


SET @jsonInfo=N'{  
       "tags":["Sport", "Water polo"]  

The following table compares the behavior of JSON_VALUE in lax mode and in strict mode. For more info about the optional path mode specification (lax or strict), see JSON Path Expressions (SQL Server).

Path Return value in lax mode Return value in strict mode More info
$ NULL Error Not a scalar value.

Use JSON_QUERY instead.
$.info.type N'1' N'1' N/a
$.info.address.town N'Bristol' N'Bristol' N/a
$.info."address" NULL Error Not a scalar value.

Use JSON_QUERY instead.
$.info.tags NULL Error Not a scalar value.

Use JSON_QUERY instead.
$.info.type[0] NULL Error Not an array.
$.info.none NULL Error Property does not exist.


Example 1

The following example uses the values of the JSON properties town and state in query results. Since JSON_VALUE preserves the collation of the source, the sort order of the results depends on the collation of the jsonInfo column.


(This example assumes that a table named Person.Person contains a jsonInfo column of JSON text, and that this column has the structure shown previously in the discussion of lax mode and strict mode. In the AdventureWorks sample database, the Person table does not in fact contain a jsonInfo column.)

SELECT FirstName, LastName,
 JSON_VALUE(jsonInfo,'$.info.address.town') AS Town
FROM Person.Person
WHERE JSON_VALUE(jsonInfo,'$.info.address.state') LIKE 'US%'
ORDER BY JSON_VALUE(jsonInfo,'$.info.address.town')

Example 2

The following example extracts the value of the JSON property town into a local variable.


SET @jsonInfo=N'{"info":{"address":[{"town":"Paris"},{"town":"London"}]}}';

SET @town=JSON_VALUE(@jsonInfo,'$.info.address[0].town'); -- Paris
SET @town=JSON_VALUE(@jsonInfo,'$.info.address[1].town'); -- London

Example 3

The following example creates computed columns based on the values of JSON properties.

  Address VARCHAR(500),
  jsonContent NVARCHAR(4000),
  Longitude AS JSON_VALUE(jsonContent, '$.address[0].longitude'),
  Latitude AS JSON_VALUE(jsonContent, '$.address[0].latitude')

See also

JSON Path Expressions (SQL Server)
JSON Data (SQL Server)