Troubleshoot guide: Azure Monitor Application Insights for Java

This article provides troubleshooting information to resolve common issues that might occur when you're instrumenting a Java application with the Java agent for Application Insights. Application Insights is a feature of the Azure Monitor platform service.

Check the self-diagnostic log file

By default, Application Insights Java 3.x produces a log file named applicationinsights.log in the same directory that holds the applicationinsights-agent-3.2.11.jar file.

This log file is the first place to check for hints about any issues you might be experiencing.

If there's still no log file generated, check to make sure that your Java application has write permission to the directory that holds the applicationinsights-agent-3.2.11.jar file.

If there's still no log file that's generated, check the stdout log from your Java application for errors. Application Insights Java 3.x should log any errors that would prevent it from logging to its normal location in the stdout log.

Troubleshoot connectivity issues

Application Insights SDKs and agents send telemetry to be ingested as REST calls at our ingestion endpoints. To test connectivity from your web server or application host computer to the ingestion service endpoints, use raw REST clients from PowerShell or run curl commands. See Troubleshoot missing application telemetry in Azure Monitor Application Insights.

If the connectivity issue is caused by the Application Insights Java agent, consider the following options:

  • Verify the connection string for the Application Insights configuration.

  • Use Application Insights Java version 3.4.6 or a later version to verify that the Java keystore contains a required certificate. To do this, enable the self-diagnostics feature at the TRACE level. In the Application Insights logs, do you see the following entry?

    TRACE c.m.applicationinsights.agent - Application Insights root certificate in the Java keystore: false

    If you see this entry, refer to Import SSL certificates to import a root certificate in the Java keystore.

  • If you use the -Djsse.enableSNIExtension=false option, try to run the agent without that option. From Application Insights Java version 3.4.5, if you specify -Djsse.enableSNIExtension=false, the following error entry appears in the logs:

    WARN c.m.applicationinsights.agent - System property -Djsse.enableSNIExtension=false is detected. If you have connection issues with Application Insights, please remove this.

  • If none of the previous options are helpful, you can use troubleshooting tools.

Java virtual machine (JVM) fails to start

If the Java virtual machine (JVM) fails to start, it might return an "Error opening zip file or JAR manifest missing" message. That error means that the agent jar file might have been corrupted during file transfer. Try redownloading the agent jar file.

Tomcat Java apps take several minutes to start

If you enabled Application Insights to monitor your Tomcat application, there might be a several-minute delay in the time that it takes to start the application. This delay is caused because Tomcat tries to scan the Application Insights jar files during application startup. To speed up the application start time, you can exclude the Application Insights jar files from the list of scanned files. Scanning these jar files isn't necessary.

Upgrade from the Application Insights Java 2.x SDK

If you're already using the Application Insights Java 2.x SDK in your application, you can keep using it. The Application Insights Java 3.x agent will detect, capture, and correlate any custom telemetry you're sending through the 2.x SDK. It will also prevent duplicate telemetry by suppressing any auto-collection performed by the 2.x SDK. For more information, see Upgrade from the Java 2.x SDK.

Upgrade from Application Insights Java 3.0 preview

If you're upgrading from the Java 3.0 Preview agent, review all of the configuration options carefully. The JSON structure has changed in the 3.0 general availability (GA) release.

These changes include:

  • The configuration file name has changed from ApplicationInsights.json to applicationinsights.json.

  • The instrumentationSettings node is no longer present. All content in instrumentationSettings is moved to the root level.

  • Configuration nodes like sampling, jmxMetrics, instrumentation, and heartbeat are moved out of preview to the root level.

Some logging is not auto-collected

Logging is only captured if it meets the following criteria:

  • It meets the level that's configured for the logging framework.

  • It also meets the level that's configured for Application Insights.

For example, if your logging framework is configured to log WARN (and above) from package com.example, and Application Insights is configured to capture INFO (and above), then Application Insights will only capture WARN (and above) from package com.example.

To make sure that a particular logging statement meets the logging frameworks' configured threshold, confirm that it's showing up in your normal application log (in the file or console).

Also note that if an exception object is passed to the logger, then the log message (and exception object details) will show up in the Azure portal under the exceptions table instead of the traces table. To see the log messages across both the traces and exceptions tables, run the following Logs (Kusto) query:

union traces, (exceptions | extend message = outerMessage)
| project timestamp, message, itemType

For more information, see the auto-collected logging configuration.

Import SSL certificates

This section helps you to troubleshoot and possibly fix the exceptions related to Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificates when using the Java agent.

There are two different paths for resolving this issue:

  • If you're using a default Java keystore
  • If you're using a custom Java keystore

If you aren't sure which path to follow, check to see if you have the JVM argument If you don't have this JVM argument, then you're probably using the default Java keystore. If you do have this JVM argument, then you're probably using a custom keystore, and the JVM argument will point you to your custom keystore.

If you're using the default Java keystore

The default Java keystore typically will already have all of the CA root certificates. However, there might be some exceptions. For example, the ingestion endpoint certificate might be signed by a different root certificate. We recommend following these steps to resolve this issue:

  1. Check whether the SSL certificate that was used to sign the Application Insights endpoint is already present in the default keystore. The trusted CA certificates, by default, are stored in $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts. To list certificates in a Java keystore, use the following command:

    keytool -list -v -keystore <path-to-keystore-file>

    You can redirect the output to a temporary file, so it'll be easy to search later:

    keytool -list -v -keystore $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts > temp.txt

  2. Once you have the list of certificates, follow the steps to download the SSL certificate that was used to sign the Application Insights endpoint.

    After you have downloaded the certificate, generate an SHA-1 hash on the certificate using the following command:

    keytool -printcert -v -file "<downloaded-ssl-certificate>.cer"

    Copy the SHA-1 value and check to see if this value is present in the temp.txt file you saved previously. If you're not able to find the SHA-1 value in the temporary file, then the downloaded SSL certificate is missing in the default Java keystore.

  3. Import the SSL certificate to the default Java keystore using the following command:

    keytool -import -file "<certificate-file>" -alias "<some-meaningful-name>" -keystore "<path-to-cacerts-file>"

    In this case it will look like the following text:

    keytool -import -file "<downloaded-ssl-certificate-file>" -alias "<some-meaningful-name>" -keystore $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/cacerts

If you're using a custom Java keystore

If you're using a custom Java keystore, you may need to import the SSL certificates for the Application Insights endpoints into that keystore. We recommend the following two steps to resolve this issue:

  1. Follow these steps to download the SSL certificate from the Application Insights endpoint.

  2. Use the following command to import the SSL certificate to the custom Java keystore:

    keytool -importcert -alias <your-ssl-certificate> -file "<your-downloaded-ssl-certificate-name>.cer" -keystore "<your-keystore-name>" -storepass "<your-keystore-password>" -noprompt

Steps to download the SSL certificate

  1. Open your favorite browser and go to the URL from which you want to download the SSL certificate.

  2. Select the View site information (lock) icon in the browser, and then select the Certificate option.

    Screenshot of the Certificate option in site information on a web browser tab.

  3. Select Certification Path, select the root certificate, and then select View Certificate. This action will pop up a new certificate menu, and you can download the certificate from the new menu.

    Screenshot of how to select the root certificate in the Certificate dialog box.

  4. Go to the Details tab, and select Copy to file.

  5. Select Next, select the Base-64 encoded X.509 (.CER) format, and then select Next again.

    Screenshot of the Certificate Export Wizard, with the Bse-64 encoded X.509 certificate file format selected.

  6. Specify the file where you want to save the SSL certificate. Then select Next > Finish. You should see a message that says "The export was successful."


You'll need to repeat these steps to get the new certificate before the current certificate expires. You can find the expiration information on the Details tab of the Certificate dialog box.

Screenshot that shows SSL certificate details, including time stamps for the Valid from and Valid to fields.

Understanding UnknownHostException

If you see this exception after upgrading to a Java agent version greater than 3.2.0, upgrading your network to resolve the new endpoint shown in the exception might resolve the exception. The reason for the difference between Application Insights versions is that versions greater than 3.2.0 point to the new ingestion endpoint v2.1/track compared to the older v2/track. The new ingestion endpoint automatically redirects you to the ingestion endpoint (new endpoint shown in exception) nearest to the storage for your Application Insights resource.

Missing cipher suites

The Application Insights Java agent will alert you and provide a link to the missing cipher suites if it detects that you don't have any of the cipher suites that are supported by the endpoints it connects to.

Background on cipher suites

Cipher suites come into play before a client application and server exchange information over an SSL or Transport Layer Security (TLS) connection. The client application initiates an SSL handshake. Part of that process involves notifying the server which cipher suites it supports. The server receives that information and compares the cipher suites supported by the client application with the algorithms it supports. If it finds a match, the server notifies the client application and a secure connection is established. If it doesn't find a match, the server refuses the connection.

How to determine client side cipher suites

In this case, the client is the JVM on which your instrumented application is running. Starting from version 3.2.5, Application Insights Java will log a warning message if missing cipher suites could be causing connection failures to one of the service endpoints.

If you're using an earlier version of Application Insights Java, compile and run the following Java program to get the list of supported cipher suites in your JVM:


public class Ciphers {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SSLServerSocketFactory ssf = (SSLServerSocketFactory) SSLServerSocketFactory.getDefault();
        String[] defaultCiphers = ssf.getDefaultCipherSuites();
        for (int i = 0; i < defaultCiphers.length; ++i) {

The following cipher suites are supported by the Application Insights endpoints:


How to determine server side cipher suites

In this case, the server side is the Application Insights ingestion endpoint or the Application Insights Live metrics endpoint. You can use an online tool like SSLLABS to determine the expected cipher suites based on the endpoint URL.

How to add the missing cipher suites

If you're using Java 9 or later, check to make sure the JVM has the jdk.crypto.cryptoki module included in the jmods folder. Also, if you're building a custom Java runtime using jlink, be sure to include the same module.

Otherwise, these cipher suites should already be part of modern Java 8+ distributions. We recommend that you check where you installed your Java distribution from, and investigate why the security providers in that Java distribution's configuration file differ from standard Java distributions.

Slow startup time in Application Insights and Java 8

There's a known issue in Java 8 that's related to the jar file signature verification of Java agents. This issue can increase the startup time in Application Insights. To fix this issue, you can apply one of the following options:

Alternatively, you can try the following experimental feature: Startup time improvement for a limited number of CPU cores. If you experience any issues while using this feature, send us feedback.

Third-party information disclaimer

The third-party products that this article discusses are manufactured by companies that are independent of Microsoft. Microsoft makes no warranty, implied or otherwise, about the performance or reliability of these products.

Contact us for help

If you have questions or need help, create a support request, or ask Azure community support. You can also submit product feedback to Azure community support.