Some information relates to prerelease product that may be substantially modified before it’s released. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, with respect to the information provided here.
Represents an asynchronous operation, which returns a result upon completion. This is the return type for many Windows Runtime asynchronous methods that have results but don't report progress.
public interface class IAsyncOperation : IAsyncInfo
/// [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersion(Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract, 65536)] /// [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(2680336571, 58438, 17634, 170, 97, 156, 171, 143, 99, 106, 242)] template <typename TResult> struct IAsyncOperation : IAsyncInfo
[Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersion(typeof(Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract), 65536)] [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(2680336571, 58438, 17634, 170, 97, 156, 171, 143, 99, 106, 242)] public interface IAsyncOperation<TResult> : IAsyncInfo
Public Interface IAsyncOperation(Of TResult) Implements IAsyncInfo
Windows 10 (introduced in 10.0.10240.0)
Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract (introduced in v1.0)
IAsyncOperation<TResult> is the return type for many Windows Runtime asynchronous methods that have a result upon completion, but don't report progress. This constitutes over 650 different Windows Runtime APIs. APIs that do report progress (and have a result) use another interface, IAsyncOperationWithProgress<TResult,TProgress>.
Instead of using IAsyncOperation<TResult>, some Windows Runtime asynchronous methods use custom operation types. For example, DataReaderLoadOperation is a Windows Runtime type that implements IAsyncOperation using uint as the result type. The DataReaderLoadOperation type is then used as the custom operation/result type for the DataReader.LoadAsync method.
C++/WinRT extension functions
Extension functions exist on the C++/WinRT projection types for certain Windows Runtime APIs. For example, winrt::Windows::Foundation::IAsyncAction is the C++/WinRT projection type for IAsyncAction. The extension functions aren't part of the application binary interface (ABI) surface of the actual Windows Runtime types, so they're not listed as members of the Windows Runtime APIs. But you can call them from within any C++/WinRT project. See C++/WinRT functions that extend Windows Runtime APIs.
TResult get() const;
Waits synchronously for the operation to complete, and returns the completed value. Throws a corresponding exception if the operation is canceled, or enters an error state. You mustn't call it from a single-threaded apartment. For more info, and code examples showing how to call get, see Write a coroutine.
AsyncStatus wait_for(TimeSpan const& timeout) const;
Waits synchronously for the operation to complete, or for the specified timeout. Returns the state of the IAsyncOperation, or AsyncStatus::Started if the timeout elapsed. If the action didn't time out, then call GetResults to obtain the results of the operation. For more info, and code examples showing how to call wait_for, see Asynchronous timeouts made easy.
Notes to implementers
As with calling the existing methods, there are language-specific ways to define asynchronous methods that don't use IAsyncOperation<TResult> directly. If writing code using .NET, your method can return a Task<TResult>. For C++/CX, you can use the Concurrency runtime. However, if you're defining a component, you can use Task/task internally but you must return one of the Windows Runtime interfaces for your public methods. The language-specific asynchronous support types (and many other language-specific types you might conventionally use in code) can't be used for the public surface area of a Windows Runtime component.
Gets or sets the method that handles the operation completed notification.
Gets a string that describes an error condition of the asynchronous operation.(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)
Gets the handle of the asynchronous operation.(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)
Gets a value that indicates the status of the asynchronous operation.(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)
Cancels the asynchronous operation.(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)
Closes the asynchronous operation.(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)
Returns the results of the operation.