Focus plan

Meetings, emails, and chats are necessary to get work done, but they often leave us with little time during the workday for uninterrupted individual work. Some people report spending over 80% of their day collaborating with coworkers, and research has shown that it can take over 20 minutes to refocus after checking just one email.

The focus plan in Microsoft Viva Insights helps you block regular time for your top-priority work by scheduling up to four hours every day to focus.

When you enroll in a focus plan, Viva Insights books time on your calendar every day to focus. The first time you use a focus plan, we prompt you to set up your preferences, which we talk about later.


If you leave your focus plan and enroll in one later, we'll use your preferences from last time. You can edit or leave your focus plan whenever you want.

To create your focus plan

You can create your focus plan in two places:

In the app

To start a focus plan:

  1. Go to the Take action to improve your wellbeing section of your Wellbeing tab.

  2. Find the Start a daily focus plan card, then select Set daily focus plan.

    Screenshot that shows the Start a daily focus plan card on the Wellbeing tab with the Start daily focus plan button highlighted.

  3. If you're prompted, configure your plan settings:

    • How much focus time you want to schedule each day
    • Whether you prefer to focus in the morning or afternoon
    • Whether you want a Teams reminder to begin focus mode
    • Whether you want Teams to silence notifications during your scheduled focus time

    As mentioned earlier, we won't prompt you to configure your settings if you've used a focus plan before. We'll apply the same settings as last time. You can edit these settings whenever you want.

After your plan is set up, a confirmation card appears in your Take action to improve your wellbeing section.

Screenshot that shows the confirmation card for focus plan.

If you want to change your settings right away, select Change settings. Otherwise, you can make edits as we describe in To make changes.

In the Insights Outlook add-in

  1. Select the Want focus time every day? insight.

    Screenshot that shows Want focus time every day? insight in the Outlook add-in.

  2. Select Book now.

    Screenshot that shows the Create your focus plan window with Book time now and Cancel buttons.

    The Insights pane now notifies you that your focus plan has begun, and your calendar now contains focus-time blocks:

    Screenshot that shows the Outlook add-in's focus plan confirmation window and a Got it button.

Now that your focus plan is underway, you can:

To check the progress of your focus plan

After you've started your plan, you can check your progress and make sure that you have focus time booked every day over the upcoming two weeks. If the plan has run for at least few days, it will have numbers to report.

In the app, go to your Wellbeing tab's Track your progress section. The Focus plan card shows how many hours of focus time you kept--that is, you didn't delete from your calendar--over the current and last month. The card also lets you know how many hours of focus time you have booked for the upcoming week, and on which days.

Screenshot that shows the Track your progress section of the Wellbeing tab.

Screenshot that shows the Focus plan card in the Track your progress section. It displays total hours of kept focus time over November - December and total hours of focus time reserved for the following week, on Friday, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday.

To change or leave your focus plan

You can change or opt in and opt out of the focus plan as many times as you want.

To make changes

To edit your focus plan settings:

  1. Select the ellipses (...) at the top-right of any Viva Insights tab, then select Settings.

    Screenshot that shows selecting the ellipses > Settings in Viva Insights.

  2. Select Protect time from the left pane.

  3. Edit your scheduled focus hours per day, morning or afternoon preferences, and reminder and notification preferences.

    Screenshot that shows the Protect time > Configure your recurring plan for focus settings in Viva Insights.

To leave

Select the Leave plan button at top right.

Screenshot that shows the top of the Focus plan settings section with the Leave plan button highlighted.

Answer the survey question, then select Leave plan again.


The following sections provide information that can help you as you create or monitor focus plans.

Automatic booking of focus time

After you set automatic booking as your preference, Viva Insights starts looking for time on your Outlook calendar to set aside as focus time. The scheduled focus time shows in your calendar as "Focus time."

Focus time never creates a calendar conflict; that is, focus time will not be booked over any existing calendar event, such as all-day meetings, booked personal time, or appointments.

Although two hours is the maximum length of a focus-time block that can be scheduled automatically, you can extend your focus time, by hand, in your Outlook calendar.

Booking schedule

Viva Insights books focus time two weeks in advance. For example: when you open your calendar on a Monday, you should see focus time booked every day of the current week and all the way through the Friday of the following week. Each weekend it looks for time blocks in the next week out and books time accordingly.

How time slots are selected

The time it reserves for you depends on the time you have open during the day. Viva Insights starts its search at the beginning of your workday, as it is defined in your Outlook settings.

Viva Insights also respects the Do not schedule focus time earlier than setting in the Plan configuration dialog box. For example, if you set this to 9:00 AM, Viva Insights will select no focus-time slots that begin earlier than 9:00 AM.

Viva Insights also prioritizes your preferences for length of focus time slots and part of day (morning or afternoon). For example, if you choose four hours of focus time and choose afternoon, Viva Insights first scans your calendar to find four-hour open slots in the afternoon. If it finds no four-hour open slots in the afternoon, it continues to scan your calendar to find four-hour open slots in the morning. If only smaller amounts of time are available, it can book focus blocks as short as 30 minutes.

After it books a block on one day, it then moves on to the next day to find the next suitable block, based on your preferences. (In most cases, it creates only one block of focus time per day.)


Viva Insights considers the time from noon to 1:00 PM as time for the midday meal. If you have automatic booking turned on, Viva Insights tries to book any other time of day first. If it finds no other blocks of time available, it will then book focus time during the lunchtime period.

Chats are muted during focus time

During focus time, your status in Teams and Skype for Business will automatically change to "Focusing" to silence chat notifications and help you stay focused. When the focus time appointment ends, your status will automatically revert back to the status you were previously in. Note that you can set priority contacts in Teams to ensure you don’t miss important messages during focus time.

For more information, see Manage notifications in Teams.

Digest emails and Viva Insights Outlook add-in

Focus plan digest

After you enroll in a focus plan, the content in your digest email will be tailored based on your participation in the plan. It might, for example, remind you to schedule focus time for days on which none is set aside.

Viva Insights add-in

You can open the Outlook add-in to check whether any upcoming days are missing focus time. To do so, use this card:

Screenshot that shows the Book time to focus card in the Outlook add-in.

Selecting this card shows the following options, with which you can book focus time on individual days or for several days at once:

Screenshot that shows the Book time to focus add-in pane.

Screenshot of the "Book time to focus" pane in the Viva Insights Outlook add-in. The pane shows three days with two available focus times each. Each focus time has an edit option and an option to add it to your calendar. The bottom of the pane contains a "Book all" and "Done" button.

Calendar color settings

If you want to personalize your focus time to show as a specific color, you can do that by using conditional formatting in the Outlook desktop app on Windows. Follow the steps below to create a new conditional formatting rule.

  1. From the calendar view, select the View tab > Current View > View Settings.

    Screenshot that shows navigating the View Settings option.

  2. Select the Conditional formatting button.

    Screenshot that shows the Conditional Formatting button highlighted in the Advanced View Settings dialog box.

  3. Select the Add button to create a new rule.

    Screenshot that shows the Add button highlighted in the Conditional Formatting dialog box.

  4. In the Conditional Formatting dialog box:

    1. Give your rule a name.

    2. Select the color you want focus time blocks to appear as.

    3. Select the Condition button.

      Screenshot that shows Name, Color, and Condition highlighted in the Conditional Formatting dialog box.

  5. In the Filter dialog box, add "Focus time" as your search term. Leave the In: field set to "subject field only."

    Screenshot that shows the search term field highlighted in the Filter dialog box.

  6. Select the OK button on each of the three dialog boxes. Your focus time blocks should now appear as the color you set in step 4.