Polls for a prediction of device failure. This request works with the IDE disk drives that support self-monitoring analysis and reporting technology (SMART). If the drive is a SCSI drive, the class driver attempts to verify if the SCSI disk supports the equivalent IDE SMART technology by check the inquiry information on the Information Exception Control Page, X3T10/94-190 Rev 4.

If the device supports prediction failure, the disk class driver queries the device for failure prediction status and reports the results. If the disk class driver assigns a nonzero value to the PredictFailure member of STORAGE_PREDICT_FAILURE in the output buffer at Irp->AssociatedIrp.SystemBuffer, the disk has bad sectors and is predicting a failure. The storage stack returns 512 bytes of vendor-specific information about the failure prediction in the VendorSpecific member of STORAGE_PREDICT_FAILURE.

If the PredictFailure member contains a value of zero, the disk is not predicting a failure.

If the device does not support failure prediction, IOCTL_STORAGE_PREDICT_FAILURE fails with a status of STATUS_INVALID_DEVICE_REQUEST, and the data in the output buffer is undefined

Other means of checking for disk failure include monitoring the event log and registering to receive a WMI event with WMI_STORAGE_PREDICT_FAILURE_EVENT_GUID.

Major code


Input buffer


Input buffer length


Output buffer

The driver returns a STORAGE_PREDICT_FAILURE structure containing failure prediction data in the buffer at Irp->AssociatedIrp.SystemBuffer.

Output buffer length

Parameters.DeviceIoControl.OutputBufferLength indicates the size, in bytes, of the buffer at Irp->AssociatedIrp.SystemBuffer, which must be greater or equal to the sizeof(STORAGE_PREDICT_FAILURE).

Status block

Irp->IoStatus.Status is set to STATUS_SUCCESS if the request is successful. Otherwise, Status to the appropriate error condition as a NTSTATUS code.


Requirement Value
Header ntddstor.h (include Ntddstor.h)

See also