Dual Enrollment


  • Hybrid and On-premises Windows Hello for Business deployments
  • Enterprise joined or Hybrid Azure joined devices
  • Certificate trust


This feature was previously known as Privileged Credential but was renamed to Dual Enrollment to prevent any confusion with the Privileged Access Workstation feature.


Dual enrollment does not replace or provide the same security as Privileged Access Workstations feature. Microsoft encourages enterprises to use the Privileged Access Workstations for their privileged credential users. Enterprises can consider Windows Hello for Business dual enrollment in situations where the Privileged Access feature cannot be used. Read Privileged Access Workstations for more information.

Dual enrollment enables administrators to perform elevated, administrative functions by enrolling both their non-privileged and privileged credentials on their device.

By design, Windows does not enumerate all Windows Hello for Business users from within a user's session. Using the computer Group Policy setting, Allow enumeration of emulated smart card for all users, you can configure a device to enumerate all enrolled Windows Hello for Business credentials on selected devices.

With this setting, administrative users can sign in to Windows 10, version 1709 or later using their non-privileged Windows Hello for Business credentials for normal work flow such as email, but can launch Microsoft Management Consoles (MMCs), Remote Desktop Services clients, and other applications by selecting Run as different user or Run as administrator, selecting the privileged user account, and providing their PIN. Administrators can also take advantage of this feature with command-line applications by using runas.exe combined with the /smartcard argument. This enables administrators to perform their day-to-day operations without needing to sign in and out, or use fast user switching when alternating between privileged and non-privileged workloads.


You must configure a Windows computer for Windows Hello for Business dual enrollment before either user (privileged or non-privileged) provisions Windows Hello for Business. Dual enrollment is a special setting that is configured on the Windows Hello container during creation.

Configure Windows Hello for Business Dual Enrollment

In this task, you will

  • Configure Active Directory to support Domain Administrator enrollment
  • Configure Dual Enrollment using Group Policy

Configure Active Directory to support Domain Administrator enrollment

The designed Windows Hello for Business configuration gives the Key Admins (or KeyCredential Admins when using domain controllers prior to Windows Server 2016) group read and write permissions to the msDS-KeyCredentialsLink attribute. You provided these permissions at root of the domain and use object inheritance to ensure the permissions apply to all users in the domain regardless of their location within the domain hierarchy.

Active Directory Domain Services uses AdminSDHolder to secure privileged users and groups from unintentional modification by comparing and replacing the security on privileged users and groups to match those defined on the AdminSDHolder object on an hourly cycle. For Windows Hello for Business, your domain administrator account may receive the permissions but they will disappear from the user object unless you give the AdminSDHolder read and write permissions to the msDS-KeyCredential attribute.

Sign in to a domain controller or management workstation with access equivalent to domain administrator.

  1. Type the following command to add the allow read and write property permissions for msDS-KeyCredentialLink attribute for the Key Admins (or KeyCredential Admins) group on the AdminSDHolder object.
    dsacls "CN=AdminSDHolder,CN=System,DC=domain,DC=com" /g "[domainName\keyAdminGroup]":RPWP;msDS-KeyCredentialLink
    where DC=domain,DC=com is the LDAP path of your Active Directory domain and domainName\keyAdminGroup] is the NetBIOS name of your domain and the name of the group you use to give access to keys based on your deployment. For example:
    dsacls "CN=AdminSDHolder,CN=System,DC=corp,DC=mstepdemo,DC=net" /g "mstepdemo\Key Admins":RPWP;msDS-KeyCredentialLink
  2. To trigger security descriptor propagation, open ldp.exe.
  3. Click Connection and select Connect... Next to Server, type the name of the domain controller that holds the PDC role for the domain. Next to Port, type 389 and click OK.
  4. Click Connection and select Bind... Click OK to bind as the currently signed-in user.
  5. Click Browser and select Modify. Leave the DN text box blank. Next to Attribute, type RunProtectAdminGroupsTask. Next to Values, type 1. Click Enter to add this to the Entry List.
  6. Click Run to start the task.
  7. Close LDP.

Configuring Dual Enrollment using Group Policy

You configure Windows 10 or Windows 11 to support dual enrollment using the computer configuration portion of a Group Policy object.

  1. Using the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC), create a new domain-based Group Policy object and link it to an organizational Unit that contains Active Directory computer objects used by privileged users.
  2. Edit the Group Policy object from step 1.
  3. Enable the Allow enumeration of emulated smart cards for all users policy setting located under Computer Configuration->Administrative Templates->Windows Components->Windows Hello for Business.
  4. Close the Group Policy Management Editor to save the Group Policy object. Close the GPMC.
  5. Restart computers targeted by this Group Policy object.

The computer is ready for dual enrollment. Sign in as the privileged user first and enroll for Windows Hello for Business. Once completed, sign out and sign in as the non-privileged user and enroll for Windows Hello for Business. You can now use your privileged credential to perform privileged tasks without using your password and without needing to switch users.