IDirect3DDevice9::CreateIndexBuffer method (d3d9helper.h)

Creates an index buffer.


HRESULT CreateIndexBuffer(
  [in]          UINT                  Length,
  [in]          DWORD                 Usage,
  [in]          D3DFORMAT             Format,
  [in]          D3DPOOL               Pool,
  [out, retval] IDirect3DIndexBuffer9 **ppIndexBuffer,
  [in]          HANDLE                *pSharedHandle


[in] Length

Type: UINT

Size of the index buffer, in bytes.

[in] Usage


Usage can be 0, which indicates no usage value. However, if usage is desired, use a combination of one or more D3DUSAGE constants. It is good practice to match the usage parameter in CreateIndexBuffer with the behavior flags in IDirect3D9::CreateDevice. For more information, see Remarks.

[in] Format


Member of the D3DFORMAT enumerated type, describing the format of the index buffer. For more information, see Remarks. The valid settings are the following:

Item Description
D3DFMT_INDEX16 Indices are 16 bits each.
D3DFMT_INDEX32 Indices are 32 bits each.

[in] Pool


Member of the D3DPOOL enumerated type, describing a valid memory class into which to place the resource.

[out, retval] ppIndexBuffer

Type: IDirect3DIndexBuffer9**

Address of a pointer to an IDirect3DIndexBuffer9 interface, representing the created index buffer resource.

[in] pSharedHandle


This parameter can be used in Direct3D 9 for Windows Vista to share resources; set it to NULL to not share a resource. This parameter is not used in Direct3D 9 for operating systems earlier than Windows Vista; set it to NULL.

Return value


If the method succeeds, the return value is D3D_OK. If the method fails, the return value can be one of the following: D3DERR_INVALIDCALL, D3DERR_OUTOFVIDEOMEMORY, D3DXERR_INVALIDDATA, E_OUTOFMEMORY.


Index buffers are memory resources used to hold indices, they are similar to both surfaces and vertex buffers. The use of index buffers enables Direct3D to avoid unnecessary data copying and to place the buffer in the optimal memory type for the expected usage.

To use index buffers, create an index buffer, lock it, fill it with indices, unlock it, pass it to IDirect3DDevice9::SetIndices, set up the vertices, set up the vertex shader, and call IDirect3DDevice9::DrawIndexedPrimitive for rendering.

The MaxVertexIndex member of the D3DCAPS9 structure indicates the types of index buffers that are valid for rendering.


Requirement Value
Target Platform Windows
Header d3d9helper.h (include D3D9.h)
Library D3D9.lib

See also



Index Buffers (Direct3D 9)