ICustomDestinationList::AppendKnownCategory method (shobjidl_core.h)

Specifies that the Frequent or Recent category should be included in a custom Jump List.


HRESULT AppendKnownCategory(


[in] category


One of the following values that indicate which known category to add to the list:


0x1. Add the Frequent category.


0x2. Add the Recent category.

Return value


Returns S_OK if successful, or an error value otherwise.

If there is a privacy Group Policy or user privacy setting present, it can affect the result of this method. Categories that contain user-specific items based on individual usage are not allowed under those privacy settings. Due to this, the Recent or Frequent categories added through this method will have no data, and categories with no data are not displayed. However, in that situation, this method call will not result in a failure code.


You must call ICustomDestinationList::BeginList before you call this method.

The Recent category is shown in a default Jump List, but to show it in a custom Jump List together with custom categories you must explicitly request it through this method.

With both AppendCategory and AppendKnownCategory, a custom Jump List should be designed to avoid any item appearing in more than one category. If two categories are simply different views on the same data, one of those categories should be removed since it is using Jump List space without contributing to the user's convenience. Duplicates are not hidden by the system except in the case of a pinned destination, in which case that destination is shown in the Pinned category and hidden in all others.

The Frequent and Recent categories are likely to contain a degree of overlap and therefore you should not add both categories to a single Jump List. Which of the two is best for your application depends on its nature. An application that generates files, such as Microsoft Word or Microsoft Paint, should use the Recent category as users are most likely to want to return to files that they have recently worked on. An application that is used more for browsing or playback of data created elsewhere should use the Frequent category because the user is more likely to access a greater number of items, many of them only once. In other words, if your application is most likely to access a large number of items only a few times each, which contributes noise to the smaller set of items users want to access many times, then Frequent is the best choice. If your application is more likely to access a smaller number of newer items most of the time, then you should choose Recent.

Categories in a custom Jump List, including the known Recent or Frequent category, are shown in the order that they are added, with the most recently added categories at the bottom of the list.

Any number of destinations added over the value pointed to by the pcMinItems parameter in ICustomDestinationList::BeginList are not shown.

Empty categories are not shown.

The contents of the Frequent and Recent categories are calculated for each application that uses SHAddToRecentDocs directly. In some cases of user action, such as opening a file through Windows Explorer or using the common file dialog box to open, save, or create a file, the Shell calls SHAddToRecentDocs on behalf of an application and those calls are also taken into account in the usage statistics. The Shell also calls SHAddToRecentDocs on behalf of the application when a destination is launched from its Jump List. However, it is good practice for the application to explicitly call SHAddToRecentDocs itself even if it is expected that the Shell will make the call. This guarantees that the usage is recorded, and the algorithms for tracking recent or frequent usage will correct for any duplicate calls.


Minimum supported client Windows 7 [desktop apps only]
Minimum supported server Windows Server 2008 R2 [desktop apps only]
Target Platform Windows
Header shobjidl_core.h (include Shobjidl.h)
Library Shell32.lib
DLL Shell32.dll (version 6.1 or later)

See also




Taskbar Extensions