Vertex Alpha (Direct3D 9)

Alpha data can be supplied in the vertex data. To enable vertex alpha, set the D3DRS_DIFFUSEMATERIALSOURCE to D3DMCS_COLOR1 so that the Direct3D runtime takes the diffuse value from the diffuse color rather than the material.

m_pd3dDevice->SetRenderState( D3DRS_DIFFUSEMATERIALSOURCE,  
                                D3DMCS_COLOR1 );

Then, provide alpha values in the diffuse color. The AddAlphaToASphere function, adds alpha to the vertices of a sphere. Here's an example of how to provide the alpha information to the function.

AddAlphaToASphere( m_pObstacleVertices, 12,  
                    D3DRGBA(light.dcvDiffuse.r, light.dcvDiffuse.g, 
                            light.dcvDiffuse.b, vAlpha ));

This is what the function looks like.

void AddAlphaToASphere(D3DLVERTEX* pVertices, DWORD dwNumRings, D3DCOLOR lightcolor)
    WORD x, y;
    // rings around
    for( y=0; y < dwNumRings; y++ )
        for( x=0; x < (dwNumRings*2)+1; x++ )
            (pVertices++)->color = lightcolor;

    // top and bottom
    (pVertices++)->color = lightcolor;
    (pVertices++)->color = lightcolor;

AddAlphaToASphere simply modifies the color member of each vertex, which are of type D3DLVERTEX, to include the alpha information.

D3DLVERTEX looks like this.

// Lit vertex
typedef struct {
    D3DVALUE x, y, z;
    DWORD dwReserved;
    D3DCOLOR color, specular;
    D3DVALUE tu, tv;

Drawing the sphere,

                        D3DFVF_TEX0 )


// Draw the lit sphere
m_pd3dDevice->DrawIndexedPrimitive( D3DPT_TRIANGLELIST, D3DFVF_LVERTEX,
                                    m_pObstacleVertices, m_dwNumObstacleVertices,
                                    m_pObstacleIndices,  m_dwNumObstacleIndices, 0 );

results in a transparent sphere using vertex alpha.

Alpha Blending