Procedimiento para ejecutar una consulta que devuelve resultados RefType

En este tema se muestra cómo ejecutar un comando contra un modelo conceptual usando un objeto EntityCommand, y cómo recuperar los resultados de RefType usando un EntityDataReader.

Para ejecutar el código de este ejemplo

  1. Agregue el modelo AdventureWorks Sales al proyecto y configure el proyecto para utilizar Entity Framework. Para obtener más información, consulte Cómo: Usar el Asistente para Entity Data Model.

  2. En la página de código de la aplicación, agregue las instrucciones using siguientes (Imports en Visual Basic):

    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Data.Common;
    using System.Data;
    using System.IO;
    using System.Data.SqlClient;
    using System.Data.EntityClient;
    using System.Data.Metadata.Edm;
    
    Imports System.Collections.Generic
    Imports System.Collections
    Imports System.Data.Common
    Imports System.Data
    Imports System.IO
    Imports System.Data.SqlClient
    Imports System.Data.EntityClient
    Imports System.Data.Metadata.Edm
    
    

Ejemplo

En este ejemplo se ejecuta una consulta que devuelve resultados RefType. Si pasa la siguiente consulta como un argumento a la función ExecuteRefTypeQuery, la función devuelve una referencia a la entidad:

SELECT REF(p) FROM AdventureWorksEntities.Products as p

Si pasa una consulta parametrizada, como la siguiente, agregue los objetos EntityParameter a la propiedad Parameters en el objeto EntityCommand.

SELECT REF(p) FROM AdventureWorksEntities.Products as p WHERE p.ProductID == @productID
static public void ExecuteRefTypeQuery(string esqlQuery)
{
    if (esqlQuery.Length == 0)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The query string is empty.");
        return;
    }

    using (EntityConnection conn =
        new EntityConnection("name=AdventureWorksEntities"))
    {
        conn.Open();

        // Create an EntityCommand.
        using (EntityCommand cmd = conn.CreateCommand())
        {
            cmd.CommandText = esqlQuery;
            // Execute the command.
            using (EntityDataReader rdr =
                cmd.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess))
            {
                // Start reading results.
                while (rdr.Read())
                {
                    RefTypeVisitRecord(rdr as IExtendedDataRecord);
                }
            }
        }
        conn.Close();
    }
}

static void RefTypeVisitRecord(IExtendedDataRecord record)
{
    // For RefType the record contains exactly one field.
    int fieldIndex = 0;

    // If the field is flagged as DbNull, the shape of the value is undetermined.
    // An attempt to get such a value may trigger an exception.
    if (record.IsDBNull(fieldIndex) == false)
    {
        BuiltInTypeKind fieldTypeKind = record.DataRecordInfo.FieldMetadata[fieldIndex].
            FieldType.TypeUsage.EdmType.BuiltInTypeKind;
        //read only fields that contain PrimitiveType
        if (fieldTypeKind == BuiltInTypeKind.RefType)
        {
            // Ref types are surfaced as EntityKey instances.
            // The containing record sees them as atomic.
            EntityKey key = record.GetValue(fieldIndex) as EntityKey;
            // Get the EntitySet name.
            Console.WriteLine("EntitySetName " + key.EntitySetName);
            // Get the Name and the Value information of the EntityKey.
            foreach (EntityKeyMember keyMember in key.EntityKeyValues)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("   Key Name: " + keyMember.Key);
                Console.WriteLine("   Key Value: " + keyMember.Value);
            }
        }
    }
}
Private Shared Sub ExecuteRefTypeQuery(ByVal esqlQuery As String)
    If esqlQuery.Length = 0 Then
        Console.WriteLine("The query string is empty.")
        Exit Sub
    End If

    Using conn As New EntityConnection("name=AdventureWorksEntities")
        conn.Open()

        ' Create an EntityCommand. 
        Using cmd As EntityCommand = conn.CreateCommand()
            cmd.CommandText = esqlQuery
            ' Execute the command. 
            Using rdr As EntityDataReader = cmd.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess)
                ' Start reading results. 
                While rdr.Read()
                    RefTypeVisitRecord(TryCast(rdr, IExtendedDataRecord))
                End While
            End Using
        End Using
        conn.Close()
    End Using
End Sub

Private Shared Sub RefTypeVisitRecord(ByVal record As IExtendedDataRecord)
    ' For RefType the record contains exactly one field. 
    Dim fieldIndex As Integer = 0

    ' If the field is flagged as DbNull, the shape of the value is undetermined. 
    ' An attempt to get such a value may trigger an exception. 
    If record.IsDBNull(fieldIndex) = False Then
        Dim fieldTypeKind As BuiltInTypeKind = record.DataRecordInfo.FieldMetadata(fieldIndex).FieldType.TypeUsage.EdmType.BuiltInTypeKind
        'read only fields that contain PrimitiveType 
        If fieldTypeKind = BuiltInTypeKind.RefType Then
            ' Ref types are surfaced as EntityKey instances. 
            ' The containing record sees them as atomic. 
            Dim key As EntityKey = TryCast(record.GetValue(fieldIndex), EntityKey)
            ' Get the EntitySet name. 
            Console.WriteLine("EntitySetName " & key.EntitySetName)
            ' Get the Name and the Value information of the EntityKey. 
            For Each keyMember As EntityKeyMember In key.EntityKeyValues
                Console.WriteLine(" Key Name: " & keyMember.Key)
                Console.WriteLine(" Key Value: " & keyMember.Value)
            Next
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Consulte también