Array.LastIndexOf Méthode

Définition

Retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence d’une valeur dans un Array unidimensionnel ou dans une partie du Array.

Surcharges

LastIndexOf(Array, Object)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans l’ensemble du Array unidimensionnel.

LastIndexOf(Array, Object, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans la plage d’éléments du Array unidimensionnel qui s’étend du premier élément jusqu’à l’index spécifié.

LastIndexOf(Array, Object, Int32, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence au sein de la plage d’éléments du Array unidimensionnel qui contient le nombre d’éléments spécifié et se termine à l’index spécifié.

LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans le Array entier.

LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans la plage d’éléments du Array qui s’étend du premier élément jusqu’à l’index spécifié.

LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans la plage d’éléments de l’Array qui contient le nombre d’éléments spécifié et se termine à l’index spécifié.

LastIndexOf(Array, Object)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans l’ensemble du Array unidimensionnel.

public:
 static int LastIndexOf(Array ^ array, System::Object ^ value);
public static int LastIndexOf (Array array, object value);
public static int LastIndexOf (Array array, object? value);
static member LastIndexOf : Array * obj -> int
Public Shared Function LastIndexOf (array As Array, value As Object) As Integer

Paramètres

array
Array

Array unidimensionnel dans lequel rechercher.

value
Object

Objet à rechercher dans array.

Retours

Int32

Index de la dernière occurrence de value au sein de la totalité du array, s’il existe ; sinon, la limite inférieure du tableau -1.

Exceptions

array a la valeur null.

array est multidimensionnel.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment déterminer l’index de la dernière occurrence d’un élément spécifié dans un tableau.

using namespace System;
void PrintIndexAndValues( Array^ myArray );

void main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new Array instance with three elements of the same value.
   Array^ myArray = Array::CreateInstance( String::typeid, 12 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 0 );
   myArray->SetValue( "quick", 1 );
   myArray->SetValue( "brown", 2 );
   myArray->SetValue( "fox", 3 );
   myArray->SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
   myArray->SetValue( "over", 5 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 6 );
   myArray->SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
   myArray->SetValue( "dog", 8 );
   myArray->SetValue( "in", 9 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 10 );
   myArray->SetValue( "barn", 11 );

   // Displays the values of the Array.
   Console::WriteLine(  "The Array instance contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myArray );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString =  "the";
   int myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
   myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 8 );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.  
   // Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
   myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( Array^ myArray )
{
   for ( int i = myArray->GetLowerBound( 0 ); i <= myArray->GetUpperBound( 0 ); i++ )
      Console::WriteLine(  "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, myArray->GetValue( i ) );
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Array instance contains the following values:
     [0]:    the
     [1]:    quick
     [2]:    brown
     [3]:    fox
     [4]:    jumps
     [5]:    over
     [6]:    the
     [7]:    lazy
     [8]:    dog
     [9]:    in
     [10]:    the
     [11]:    barn
 The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
 The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
 The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
 */
let printIndexAndValues (arr: 'a []) =
   for i = arr.GetLowerBound 0 to arr.GetUpperBound 0 do
      printfn $"\t[{i}]:\t{arr[i]}"

// Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of the same value.
let myArray = 
   [| "the"; "quick"; "brown"; "fox"
      "jumps"; "over"; "the"; "lazy"
      "dog"; "in"; "the"; "barn" |]

// Displays the values of the Array.
printfn "The Array contains the following values:"
printIndexAndValues myArray

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
let myString = "the"
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString)
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" is at index {myIndex}."

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 8)
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {myIndex}."

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.
// Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 )
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {myIndex}."


//      This code produces the following output.
//
//      The Array contains the following values:
//         [0]:    the
//         [1]:    quick
//         [2]:    brown
//         [3]:    fox
//         [4]:    jumps
//         [5]:    over
//         [6]:    the
//         [7]:    lazy
//         [8]:    dog
//         [9]:    in
//         [10]:    the
//         [11]:    barn
//      The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
//      The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
//      The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
// Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of the same value.
Array myArray=Array.CreateInstance( typeof(string), 12 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 0 );
myArray.SetValue( "quick", 1 );
myArray.SetValue( "brown", 2 );
myArray.SetValue( "fox", 3 );
myArray.SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
myArray.SetValue( "over", 5 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 6 );
myArray.SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
myArray.SetValue( "dog", 8 );
myArray.SetValue( "in", 9 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 10 );
myArray.SetValue( "barn", 11 );

// Displays the values of the Array.
Console.WriteLine( "The Array contains the following values:" );
PrintIndexAndValues( myArray );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
string myString = "the";
int myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 8 );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.
// Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

void PrintIndexAndValues( Array anArray )  {
   for ( int i = anArray.GetLowerBound(0); i <= anArray.GetUpperBound(0); i++ )
      Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, anArray.GetValue( i ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The Array contains the following values:
   [0]:    the
   [1]:    quick
   [2]:    brown
   [3]:    fox
   [4]:    jumps
   [5]:    over
   [6]:    the
   [7]:    lazy
   [8]:    dog
   [9]:    in
   [10]:    the
   [11]:    barn
The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
*/
Public Class SamplesArray    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of
        ' the same value.
        Dim myArray As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(String), 12)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 0)
        myArray.SetValue("quick", 1)
        myArray.SetValue("brown", 2)
        myArray.SetValue("fox", 3)
        myArray.SetValue("jumps", 4)
        myArray.SetValue("over", 5)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 6)
        myArray.SetValue("lazy", 7)
        myArray.SetValue("dog", 8)
        myArray.SetValue("in", 9)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 10)
        myArray.SetValue("barn", 11)
        
        ' Displays the values of the Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The Array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArray)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
        Dim myString As String = "the"
        Dim myIndex As Integer = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", _
           myString, myIndex)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first
        ' section of the Array.
        myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 8)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between the start " _
           + "and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section
        ' of the Array.  Note that the start index is greater than the end
        ' index because the search is done backward.
        myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 10, 6)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between index 5 " _
           + "and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
    End Sub
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArray As Array)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = myArray.GetLowerBound(0) To myArray.GetUpperBound(0)
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + "[{0}]:" + ControlChars.Tab _
               + "{1}", i, myArray.GetValue(i))
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Array contains the following values:
'     [0]:    the
'     [1]:    quick
'     [2]:    brown
'     [3]:    fox
'     [4]:    jumps
'     [5]:    over
'     [6]:    the
'     [7]:    lazy
'     [8]:    dog
'     [9]:    in
'     [10]:    the
'     [11]:    barn
' The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
' The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
' The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.

Remarques

L’élément unidimensionnel Array est recherché à l’arrière à partir du dernier élément et se termine au premier élément.

Les éléments sont comparés à la valeur spécifiée à l’aide de la Object.Equals méthode. Si le type d’élément est un type nontrinsique (défini par l’utilisateur), l’implémentation Equals de ce type est utilisée.

Étant donné que la plupart des tableaux ont une limite inférieure de zéro, cette méthode retourne généralement -1 lorsqu’elle value est introuvable. Dans les rares cas où la limite inférieure du tableau est égale et Int32.MinValue value introuvable, cette méthode retourne Int32.MaxValue, qui est System.Int32.MinValue - 1.

Cette méthode est une opération O(n), où n est le Length array.

Dans .NET Framework 2.0 et versions ultérieures, cette méthode utilise les méthodes et CompareTo les Equals méthodes de la Array méthode pour déterminer si le Object paramètre spécifié value existe. Dans les versions antérieures de .NET Framework, cette détermination a été effectuée à l’aide des méthodes et des méthodes elles-mêmes value Object.Equals CompareTo

CompareTo méthodes du item paramètre sur les objets de la collection.

Voir aussi

S’applique à

LastIndexOf(Array, Object, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans la plage d’éléments du Array unidimensionnel qui s’étend du premier élément jusqu’à l’index spécifié.

public:
 static int LastIndexOf(Array ^ array, System::Object ^ value, int startIndex);
public static int LastIndexOf (Array array, object value, int startIndex);
public static int LastIndexOf (Array array, object? value, int startIndex);
static member LastIndexOf : Array * obj * int -> int
Public Shared Function LastIndexOf (array As Array, value As Object, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Paramètres

array
Array

Array unidimensionnel dans lequel rechercher.

value
Object

Objet à rechercher dans array.

startIndex
Int32

Index de départ de la recherche vers le haut.

Retours

Int32

Index de la dernière occurrence de value dans la plage d’éléments de array qui s’étend du premier élément jusqu’à startIndex, s’il existe ; sinon, la limite inférieure du tableau -1.

Exceptions

array a la valeur null.

startIndex n’est pas compris dans la plage d’index valides pour array.

array est multidimensionnel.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment déterminer l’index de la dernière occurrence d’un élément spécifié dans un tableau.

using namespace System;
void PrintIndexAndValues( Array^ myArray );

void main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new Array instance with three elements of the same value.
   Array^ myArray = Array::CreateInstance( String::typeid, 12 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 0 );
   myArray->SetValue( "quick", 1 );
   myArray->SetValue( "brown", 2 );
   myArray->SetValue( "fox", 3 );
   myArray->SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
   myArray->SetValue( "over", 5 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 6 );
   myArray->SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
   myArray->SetValue( "dog", 8 );
   myArray->SetValue( "in", 9 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 10 );
   myArray->SetValue( "barn", 11 );

   // Displays the values of the Array.
   Console::WriteLine(  "The Array instance contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myArray );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString =  "the";
   int myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
   myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 8 );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.  
   // Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
   myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( Array^ myArray )
{
   for ( int i = myArray->GetLowerBound( 0 ); i <= myArray->GetUpperBound( 0 ); i++ )
      Console::WriteLine(  "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, myArray->GetValue( i ) );
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Array instance contains the following values:
     [0]:    the
     [1]:    quick
     [2]:    brown
     [3]:    fox
     [4]:    jumps
     [5]:    over
     [6]:    the
     [7]:    lazy
     [8]:    dog
     [9]:    in
     [10]:    the
     [11]:    barn
 The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
 The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
 The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
 */
let printIndexAndValues (arr: 'a []) =
   for i = arr.GetLowerBound 0 to arr.GetUpperBound 0 do
      printfn $"\t[{i}]:\t{arr[i]}"

// Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of the same value.
let myArray = 
   [| "the"; "quick"; "brown"; "fox"
      "jumps"; "over"; "the"; "lazy"
      "dog"; "in"; "the"; "barn" |]

// Displays the values of the Array.
printfn "The Array contains the following values:"
printIndexAndValues myArray

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
let myString = "the"
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString)
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" is at index {myIndex}."

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 8)
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {myIndex}."

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.
// Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 )
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {myIndex}."


//      This code produces the following output.
//
//      The Array contains the following values:
//         [0]:    the
//         [1]:    quick
//         [2]:    brown
//         [3]:    fox
//         [4]:    jumps
//         [5]:    over
//         [6]:    the
//         [7]:    lazy
//         [8]:    dog
//         [9]:    in
//         [10]:    the
//         [11]:    barn
//      The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
//      The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
//      The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
// Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of the same value.
Array myArray=Array.CreateInstance( typeof(string), 12 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 0 );
myArray.SetValue( "quick", 1 );
myArray.SetValue( "brown", 2 );
myArray.SetValue( "fox", 3 );
myArray.SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
myArray.SetValue( "over", 5 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 6 );
myArray.SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
myArray.SetValue( "dog", 8 );
myArray.SetValue( "in", 9 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 10 );
myArray.SetValue( "barn", 11 );

// Displays the values of the Array.
Console.WriteLine( "The Array contains the following values:" );
PrintIndexAndValues( myArray );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
string myString = "the";
int myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 8 );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.
// Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

void PrintIndexAndValues( Array anArray )  {
   for ( int i = anArray.GetLowerBound(0); i <= anArray.GetUpperBound(0); i++ )
      Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, anArray.GetValue( i ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The Array contains the following values:
   [0]:    the
   [1]:    quick
   [2]:    brown
   [3]:    fox
   [4]:    jumps
   [5]:    over
   [6]:    the
   [7]:    lazy
   [8]:    dog
   [9]:    in
   [10]:    the
   [11]:    barn
The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
*/
Public Class SamplesArray    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of
        ' the same value.
        Dim myArray As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(String), 12)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 0)
        myArray.SetValue("quick", 1)
        myArray.SetValue("brown", 2)
        myArray.SetValue("fox", 3)
        myArray.SetValue("jumps", 4)
        myArray.SetValue("over", 5)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 6)
        myArray.SetValue("lazy", 7)
        myArray.SetValue("dog", 8)
        myArray.SetValue("in", 9)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 10)
        myArray.SetValue("barn", 11)
        
        ' Displays the values of the Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The Array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArray)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
        Dim myString As String = "the"
        Dim myIndex As Integer = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", _
           myString, myIndex)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first
        ' section of the Array.
        myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 8)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between the start " _
           + "and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section
        ' of the Array.  Note that the start index is greater than the end
        ' index because the search is done backward.
        myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 10, 6)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between index 5 " _
           + "and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
    End Sub
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArray As Array)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = myArray.GetLowerBound(0) To myArray.GetUpperBound(0)
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + "[{0}]:" + ControlChars.Tab _
               + "{1}", i, myArray.GetValue(i))
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Array contains the following values:
'     [0]:    the
'     [1]:    quick
'     [2]:    brown
'     [3]:    fox
'     [4]:    jumps
'     [5]:    over
'     [6]:    the
'     [7]:    lazy
'     [8]:    dog
'     [9]:    in
'     [10]:    the
'     [11]:    barn
' The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
' The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
' The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.

Remarques

L’élément unidimensionnel Array est recherché vers l’arrière à startIndex partir et se terminant au premier élément.

Les éléments sont comparés à la valeur spécifiée à l’aide de la Object.Equals méthode. Si le type d’élément est un type nonintrinsique (défini par l’utilisateur), l’implémentation Equals de ce type est utilisée.

Étant donné que la plupart des tableaux ont une limite inférieure de zéro, cette méthode retourne généralement -1 lorsqu’elle value est introuvable. Dans les rares cas où la limite inférieure du tableau est égale et Int32.MinValue value introuvable, cette méthode retourne Int32.MaxValue, qui est System.Int32.MinValue - 1.

Cette méthode est une opération O(), où n se trouve le nombre d’éléments du début à array startIndex.n

Dans .NET Framework 2.0 et versions ultérieures, cette méthode utilise les méthodes et CompareTo les Equals méthodes de la Array méthode pour déterminer si le Object value paramètre spécifié existe. Dans les versions antérieures de .NET Framework, cette détermination a été prise à l’aide des méthodes et des méthodes elles-mêmes value Object.Equals CompareTo

Voir aussi

S’applique à

LastIndexOf(Array, Object, Int32, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence au sein de la plage d’éléments du Array unidimensionnel qui contient le nombre d’éléments spécifié et se termine à l’index spécifié.

public:
 static int LastIndexOf(Array ^ array, System::Object ^ value, int startIndex, int count);
public static int LastIndexOf (Array array, object value, int startIndex, int count);
public static int LastIndexOf (Array array, object? value, int startIndex, int count);
static member LastIndexOf : Array * obj * int * int -> int
Public Shared Function LastIndexOf (array As Array, value As Object, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

Paramètres

array
Array

Array unidimensionnel dans lequel rechercher.

value
Object

Objet à rechercher dans array.

startIndex
Int32

Index de départ de la recherche vers le haut.

count
Int32

Nombre d’éléments contenus dans la section où la recherche doit être effectuée.

Retours

Int32

Index de la dernière occurrence de value au sein de la plage d’éléments de array qui contient le nombre d’éléments spécifié dans count et se termine à startIndex, si cette occurrence existe ; sinon, limite inférieure du tableau -1.

Exceptions

array a la valeur null.

startIndex n’est pas compris dans la plage d’index valides pour array.

  • ou -

count est inférieur à zéro.

  • ou -

startIndex et count ne spécifient pas une section valide dans array.

array est multidimensionnel.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant montre comment déterminer l’index de la dernière occurrence d’un élément spécifié dans un tableau. Notez que la LastIndexOf méthode est une recherche descendante ; par conséquent, count doit être inférieure ou égale à (startIndex moins la limite inférieure du tableau plus 1).

using namespace System;
void PrintIndexAndValues( Array^ myArray );

void main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new Array instance with three elements of the same value.
   Array^ myArray = Array::CreateInstance( String::typeid, 12 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 0 );
   myArray->SetValue( "quick", 1 );
   myArray->SetValue( "brown", 2 );
   myArray->SetValue( "fox", 3 );
   myArray->SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
   myArray->SetValue( "over", 5 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 6 );
   myArray->SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
   myArray->SetValue( "dog", 8 );
   myArray->SetValue( "in", 9 );
   myArray->SetValue( "the", 10 );
   myArray->SetValue( "barn", 11 );

   // Displays the values of the Array.
   Console::WriteLine(  "The Array instance contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndValues( myArray );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
   String^ myString =  "the";
   int myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
   myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 8 );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

   // Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.  
   // Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
   myIndex = Array::LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 );
   Console::WriteLine(  "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );
}

void PrintIndexAndValues( Array^ myArray )
{
   for ( int i = myArray->GetLowerBound( 0 ); i <= myArray->GetUpperBound( 0 ); i++ )
      Console::WriteLine(  "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, myArray->GetValue( i ) );
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Array instance contains the following values:
     [0]:    the
     [1]:    quick
     [2]:    brown
     [3]:    fox
     [4]:    jumps
     [5]:    over
     [6]:    the
     [7]:    lazy
     [8]:    dog
     [9]:    in
     [10]:    the
     [11]:    barn
 The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
 The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
 The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
 */
let printIndexAndValues (arr: 'a []) =
   for i = arr.GetLowerBound 0 to arr.GetUpperBound 0 do
      printfn $"\t[{i}]:\t{arr[i]}"

// Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of the same value.
let myArray = 
   [| "the"; "quick"; "brown"; "fox"
      "jumps"; "over"; "the"; "lazy"
      "dog"; "in"; "the"; "barn" |]

// Displays the values of the Array.
printfn "The Array contains the following values:"
printIndexAndValues myArray

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
let myString = "the"
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString)
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" is at index {myIndex}."

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 8)
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {myIndex}."

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.
// Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
let myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 )
printfn $"The last occurrence of \"{myString}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {myIndex}."


//      This code produces the following output.
//
//      The Array contains the following values:
//         [0]:    the
//         [1]:    quick
//         [2]:    brown
//         [3]:    fox
//         [4]:    jumps
//         [5]:    over
//         [6]:    the
//         [7]:    lazy
//         [8]:    dog
//         [9]:    in
//         [10]:    the
//         [11]:    barn
//      The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
//      The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
//      The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
// Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of the same value.
Array myArray=Array.CreateInstance( typeof(string), 12 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 0 );
myArray.SetValue( "quick", 1 );
myArray.SetValue( "brown", 2 );
myArray.SetValue( "fox", 3 );
myArray.SetValue( "jumps", 4 );
myArray.SetValue( "over", 5 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 6 );
myArray.SetValue( "lazy", 7 );
myArray.SetValue( "dog", 8 );
myArray.SetValue( "in", 9 );
myArray.SetValue( "the", 10 );
myArray.SetValue( "barn", 11 );

// Displays the values of the Array.
Console.WriteLine( "The Array contains the following values:" );
PrintIndexAndValues( myArray );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
string myString = "the";
int myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first section of the Array.
myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 8 );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between the start and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

// Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section of the Array.
// Note that the start index is greater than the end index because the search is done backward.
myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf( myArray, myString, 10, 6 );
Console.WriteLine( "The last occurrence of \"{0}\" between index 5 and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex );

void PrintIndexAndValues( Array anArray )  {
   for ( int i = anArray.GetLowerBound(0); i <= anArray.GetUpperBound(0); i++ )
      Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}", i, anArray.GetValue( i ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The Array contains the following values:
   [0]:    the
   [1]:    quick
   [2]:    brown
   [3]:    fox
   [4]:    jumps
   [5]:    over
   [6]:    the
   [7]:    lazy
   [8]:    dog
   [9]:    in
   [10]:    the
   [11]:    barn
The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.
*/
Public Class SamplesArray    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new Array with three elements of
        ' the same value.
        Dim myArray As Array = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(String), 12)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 0)
        myArray.SetValue("quick", 1)
        myArray.SetValue("brown", 2)
        myArray.SetValue("fox", 3)
        myArray.SetValue("jumps", 4)
        myArray.SetValue("over", 5)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 6)
        myArray.SetValue("lazy", 7)
        myArray.SetValue("dog", 8)
        myArray.SetValue("in", 9)
        myArray.SetValue("the", 10)
        myArray.SetValue("barn", 11)
        
        ' Displays the values of the Array.
        Console.WriteLine("The Array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArray)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value.
        Dim myString As String = "the"
        Dim myIndex As Integer = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", _
           myString, myIndex)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in the first
        ' section of the Array.
        myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 8)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between the start " _
           + "and index 8 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
        
        ' Searches for the last occurrence of the duplicated value in a section
        ' of the Array.  Note that the start index is greater than the end
        ' index because the search is done backward.
        myIndex = Array.LastIndexOf(myArray, myString, 10, 6)
        Console.WriteLine("The last occurrence of ""{0}"" between index 5 " _
           + "and index 10 is at index {1}.", myString, myIndex)
    End Sub
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArray As Array)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = myArray.GetLowerBound(0) To myArray.GetUpperBound(0)
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + "[{0}]:" + ControlChars.Tab _
               + "{1}", i, myArray.GetValue(i))
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Array contains the following values:
'     [0]:    the
'     [1]:    quick
'     [2]:    brown
'     [3]:    fox
'     [4]:    jumps
'     [5]:    over
'     [6]:    the
'     [7]:    lazy
'     [8]:    dog
'     [9]:    in
'     [10]:    the
'     [11]:    barn
' The last occurrence of "the" is at index 10.
' The last occurrence of "the" between the start and index 8 is at index 6.
' The last occurrence of "the" between index 5 and index 10 is at index 10.

Remarques

L’une des dimensions Array est recherchée vers l’arrière à startIndex partir et se terminant à startIndex moins count 1, si count elle est supérieure à 0.

Les éléments sont comparés à la valeur spécifiée à l’aide de la Object.Equals méthode. Si le type d’élément est un type nonintrinsique (défini par l’utilisateur), l’implémentationEquals de ce type est utilisée.

Étant donné que la plupart des tableaux ont une limite inférieure de zéro, cette méthode retourne généralement -1 lorsqu’elle value est introuvable. Dans les rares cas où la limite inférieure du tableau est égale et Int32.MinValue value introuvable, cette méthode retourne Int32.MaxValue, qui est System.Int32.MinValue - 1.

Cette méthode est une opération O(n), où n est count.

Dans .NET Framework 2.0 et versions ultérieures, cette méthode utilise les méthodes et CompareTo les Equals méthodes de la Array méthode pour déterminer si le Object value paramètre spécifié existe. Dans les versions antérieures de .NET Framework, cette détermination a été prise à l’aide des méthodes et des méthodes elles-mêmes value Object.Equals CompareTo

Voir aussi

S’applique à

LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans le Array entier.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static int LastIndexOf(cli::array <T> ^ array, T value);
public static int LastIndexOf<T> (T[] array, T value);
static member LastIndexOf : 'T[] * 'T -> int
Public Shared Function LastIndexOf(Of T) (array As T(), value As T) As Integer

Paramètres de type

T

Type des éléments du tableau.

Paramètres

array
T[]

Array de base zéro unidimensionnel à explorer.

value
T

Objet à rechercher dans array.

Retours

Int32

Index de base zéro de la dernière occurrence de value dans le array entier, s’il est trouvé ; sinon, -1.

Exceptions

array a la valeur null.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre les trois surcharges génériques de la LastIndexOf méthode. Un tableau de chaînes est créé, avec une entrée qui apparaît deux fois, à l’emplacement d’index 0 et à l’emplacement d’index 5. La LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T) surcharge de méthode recherche l’intégralité du tableau à partir de la fin et recherche la deuxième occurrence de la chaîne. La LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32) surcharge de méthode est utilisée pour rechercher le tableau vers l’arrière à partir de l’emplacement d’index 3 et continuer jusqu’au début du tableau, et recherche la première occurrence de la chaîne. Enfin, la LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32, Int32) surcharge de méthode est utilisée pour rechercher une plage de quatre entrées, commençant à l’emplacement d’index 4 et s’étendant vers l’arrière (autrement dit, elle recherche les éléments à des emplacements 4, 3, 2 et 1); cette recherche retourne -1, car il n’y a aucune instance de la chaîne de recherche dans cette plage.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus", 
        "Amargasaurus",
        "Mamenchisaurus",
        "Brachiosaurus",
        "Deinonychus",
        "Tyrannosaurus",
        "Compsognathus" };

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"));

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3));

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
 */
string[] dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus",
    "Amargasaurus",
    "Mamenchisaurus",
    "Brachiosaurus",
    "Deinonychus",
    "Tyrannosaurus",
    "Compsognathus" };

Console.WriteLine();
foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
{
    Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
}

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"));

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3));

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4));

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
*/
open System

let dinosaurs = 
    [| "Tyrannosaurus"
       "Amargasaurus"
       "Mamenchisaurus"
       "Brachiosaurus"
       "Deinonychus"
       "Tyrannosaurus"
       "Compsognathus" |]

printfn ""
for dino in dinosaurs do
    printfn $"{dino}"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): %i"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3)
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): %i"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4)
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): %i"

// This code example produces the following output:
//    
//    Tyrannosaurus
//    Amargasaurus
//    Mamenchisaurus
//    Brachiosaurus
//    Deinonychus
//    Tyrannosaurus
//    Compsognathus
//    
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
//
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
//
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs() As String = { "Tyrannosaurus", _
            "Amargasaurus", _
            "Mamenchisaurus", _
            "Brachiosaurus", _
            "Deinonychus", _
            "Tyrannosaurus", _
            "Compsognathus" }

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 4, 4): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4))

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1

Remarques

La Array recherche est effectuée vers l’arrière à partir du dernier élément et se termine au premier élément.

Les éléments sont comparés à la valeur spécifiée à l’aide de la Object.Equals méthode. Si le type d’élément est un type nonintrinsique (défini par l’utilisateur), l’implémentation Equals de ce type est utilisée.

Cette méthode est une opération O(n), où n est le Length .array

Voir aussi

S’applique à

LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans la plage d’éléments du Array qui s’étend du premier élément jusqu’à l’index spécifié.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static int LastIndexOf(cli::array <T> ^ array, T value, int startIndex);
public static int LastIndexOf<T> (T[] array, T value, int startIndex);
static member LastIndexOf : 'T[] * 'T * int -> int
Public Shared Function LastIndexOf(Of T) (array As T(), value As T, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Paramètres de type

T

Type des éléments du tableau.

Paramètres

array
T[]

Array de base zéro unidimensionnel à explorer.

value
T

Objet à rechercher dans array.

startIndex
Int32

Index de début de base zéro de la recherche vers le haut.

Retours

Int32

Index de base zéro de la dernière occurrence de value dans la plage d’éléments de array qui s’étend du premier élément à startIndex, s’il est trouvé ; sinon, -1.

Exceptions

array a la valeur null.

startIndex n’est pas compris dans la plage d’index valides pour array.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre les trois surcharges génériques de la LastIndexOf méthode. Un tableau de chaînes est créé, avec une entrée qui apparaît deux fois, à l’emplacement d’index 0 et à l’emplacement d’index 5. La LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T) surcharge de méthode recherche l’intégralité du tableau à partir de la fin et recherche la deuxième occurrence de la chaîne. La LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32) surcharge de méthode est utilisée pour rechercher le tableau vers l’arrière à partir de l’emplacement d’index 3 et continuer jusqu’au début du tableau, et recherche la première occurrence de la chaîne. Enfin, la LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32, Int32) surcharge de méthode est utilisée pour rechercher une plage de quatre entrées, commençant à l’emplacement d’index 4 et s’étendant vers l’arrière (autrement dit, elle recherche les éléments à des emplacements 4, 3, 2 et 1); cette recherche retourne -1, car il n’y a aucune instance de la chaîne de recherche dans cette plage.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus", 
        "Amargasaurus",
        "Mamenchisaurus",
        "Brachiosaurus",
        "Deinonychus",
        "Tyrannosaurus",
        "Compsognathus" };

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"));

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3));

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
 */
string[] dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus",
    "Amargasaurus",
    "Mamenchisaurus",
    "Brachiosaurus",
    "Deinonychus",
    "Tyrannosaurus",
    "Compsognathus" };

Console.WriteLine();
foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
{
    Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
}

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"));

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3));

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4));

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
*/
open System

let dinosaurs = 
    [| "Tyrannosaurus"
       "Amargasaurus"
       "Mamenchisaurus"
       "Brachiosaurus"
       "Deinonychus"
       "Tyrannosaurus"
       "Compsognathus" |]

printfn ""
for dino in dinosaurs do
    printfn $"{dino}"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): %i"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3)
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): %i"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4)
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): %i"

// This code example produces the following output:
//    
//    Tyrannosaurus
//    Amargasaurus
//    Mamenchisaurus
//    Brachiosaurus
//    Deinonychus
//    Tyrannosaurus
//    Compsognathus
//    
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
//
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
//
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs() As String = { "Tyrannosaurus", _
            "Amargasaurus", _
            "Mamenchisaurus", _
            "Brachiosaurus", _
            "Deinonychus", _
            "Tyrannosaurus", _
            "Compsognathus" }

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 4, 4): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4))

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1

Remarques

La Array recherche est effectuée à l’arrière à startIndex partir et se termine au premier élément.

Les éléments sont comparés à la valeur spécifiée à l’aide de la Object.Equals méthode. Si le type d’élément est un type nonintrinsique (défini par l’utilisateur), l’implémentation Equals de ce type est utilisée.

Cette méthode est une opération O(), où n se trouve le nombre d’éléments du début à array startIndex.n

Voir aussi

S’applique à

LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32, Int32)

Recherche l’objet spécifié et retourne l’index de la dernière occurrence dans la plage d’éléments de l’Array qui contient le nombre d’éléments spécifié et se termine à l’index spécifié.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static int LastIndexOf(cli::array <T> ^ array, T value, int startIndex, int count);
public static int LastIndexOf<T> (T[] array, T value, int startIndex, int count);
static member LastIndexOf : 'T[] * 'T * int * int -> int
Public Shared Function LastIndexOf(Of T) (array As T(), value As T, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

Paramètres de type

T

Type des éléments du tableau.

Paramètres

array
T[]

Array de base zéro unidimensionnel à explorer.

value
T

Objet à rechercher dans array.

startIndex
Int32

Index de début de base zéro de la recherche vers le haut.

count
Int32

Nombre d’éléments contenus dans la section où la recherche doit être effectuée.

Retours

Int32

Index de base zéro de la dernière occurrence de value dans la plage d’éléments de array qui contient le nombre d’éléments spécifié dans count et qui se termine à startIndex, s’il est trouvé ; sinon, -1.

Exceptions

array a la valeur null.

startIndex n’est pas compris dans la plage d’index valides pour array.

  • ou -

count est inférieur à zéro.

  • ou -

startIndex et count ne spécifient pas une section valide dans array.

Exemples

L’exemple de code suivant illustre les trois surcharges génériques de la LastIndexOf méthode. Un tableau de chaînes est créé, avec une entrée qui apparaît deux fois, à l’emplacement d’index 0 et à l’emplacement d’index 5. La LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T) surcharge de méthode recherche l’intégralité du tableau à partir de la fin et recherche la deuxième occurrence de la chaîne. La LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32) surcharge de méthode est utilisée pour rechercher le tableau vers l’arrière à partir de l’emplacement d’index 3 et continuer jusqu’au début du tableau, et recherche la première occurrence de la chaîne. Enfin, la LastIndexOf<T>(T[], T, Int32, Int32) surcharge de méthode est utilisée pour rechercher une plage de quatre entrées, commençant à l’emplacement d’index 4 et s’étendant vers l’arrière (autrement dit, elle recherche les éléments à des emplacements 4, 3, 2 et 1); cette recherche retourne -1, car il n’y a aucune instance de la chaîne de recherche dans cette plage.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus", 
        "Amargasaurus",
        "Mamenchisaurus",
        "Brachiosaurus",
        "Deinonychus",
        "Tyrannosaurus",
        "Compsognathus" };

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"));

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3));

    Console::WriteLine(
        "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}", 
        Array::LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
 */
string[] dinosaurs = { "Tyrannosaurus",
    "Amargasaurus",
    "Mamenchisaurus",
    "Brachiosaurus",
    "Deinonychus",
    "Tyrannosaurus",
    "Compsognathus" };

Console.WriteLine();
foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
{
    Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
}

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"));

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3));

Console.WriteLine(
    "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): {0}",
    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4));

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Deinonychus
Tyrannosaurus
Compsognathus

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
*/
open System

let dinosaurs = 
    [| "Tyrannosaurus"
       "Amargasaurus"
       "Mamenchisaurus"
       "Brachiosaurus"
       "Deinonychus"
       "Tyrannosaurus"
       "Compsognathus" |]

printfn ""
for dino in dinosaurs do
    printfn $"{dino}"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus")
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\"): %i"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3)
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 3): %i"

Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4)
|> printfn "\nArray.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, \"Tyrannosaurus\", 4, 4): %i"

// This code example produces the following output:
//    
//    Tyrannosaurus
//    Amargasaurus
//    Mamenchisaurus
//    Brachiosaurus
//    Deinonychus
//    Tyrannosaurus
//    Compsognathus
//    
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
//
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
//
//    Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1
Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs() As String = { "Tyrannosaurus", _
            "Amargasaurus", _
            "Mamenchisaurus", _
            "Brachiosaurus", _
            "Deinonychus", _
            "Tyrannosaurus", _
            "Compsognathus" }

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus""): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 3): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, ""Tyrannosaurus"", 4, 4): {0}", _
            Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4))

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Compsognathus
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus"): 5
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 3): 0
'
'Array.LastIndexOf(dinosaurs, "Tyrannosaurus", 4, 4): -1

Remarques

La Array recherche est effectuée à l’arrière à partir et se termine à startIndex startIndex moins count 1, si count elle est supérieure à 0.

Les éléments sont comparés à la valeur spécifiée à l’aide de la Object.Equals méthode. Si le type d’élément est un type nonintrinsique (défini par l’utilisateur), l’implémentation Equals de ce type est utilisée.

Cette méthode est une opération O(n), où n est count.

Voir aussi

S’applique à