복잡한 그리드 만드는 방법

이 예제는 Grid 컨트롤을 사용하여 월별 달력처럼 보이는 레이아웃을 만드는 방법을 보여 줍니다.

예제

다음 예제에서는 RowDefinitionColumnDefinition 클래스를 사용하여 8개의 행과 8개의 열을 정의합니다. 다양한 열과 행의 배경을 채우는 Rectangle 요소와 함께 Grid.ColumnSpanGrid.RowSpan연결된 속성을 사용합니다. 이 디자인은 GridTable의 원칙적인 차이인 Grid의 각 셀에 둘 이상의 요소가 존재할 수 있기 때문에 가능합니다.

이 예제에서는 세로 그라데이션을 사용하여 열과 행을 Fill하여 달력의 시각적 개체 표시와 가독성을 향상시킵니다. 스타일이 지정된 TextBlock 요소는 요일과 날짜를 나타냅니다. TextBlock 요소는 애플리케이션의 스타일 내에 정의된 Margin 속성 및 맞춤 속성을 사용하여 셀 내에 절대적으로 배치됩니다.

<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
      xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
      WindowTitle="Complex Grid Example">
  <Border BorderBrush="Black">

    <Grid ShowGridLines="false" Background="White">
      <Grid.Resources>
        <Style TargetType="{x:Type ColumnDefinition}">
          <Setter Property="Width" Value="30"/>
        </Style>
        <Style TargetType="{x:Type Rectangle}">
          <Setter Property="RadiusX" Value="6"/>
          <Setter Property="RadiusY" Value="6"/>
        </Style>
        <Style x:Key="DayOfWeek">
          <Setter Property="Grid.Row" Value="1"></Setter>
          <Setter Property="TextBlock.Margin" Value="5"></Setter>
        </Style>
        <Style x:Key="OneDate">
          <Setter Property="TextBlock.Margin" Value="5"></Setter>
        </Style>
      </Grid.Resources>
      <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <ColumnDefinition/>
          <!-- This column will receive all remaining width -->
          <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
      </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
          <Grid.RowDefinitions>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
          <!-- This row will receive all remaining Height -->
          <RowDefinition/>
      </Grid.RowDefinitions>


      <!-- These Rectangles constitute the backgrounds of the various Rows and Columns -->

      <Rectangle Grid.ColumnSpan="7" Fill="#73B2F5"/>
      <Rectangle Grid.Row="1" Grid.RowSpan="6"  Fill="#73B2F5"/>
      <Rectangle Grid.Column="6" Grid.Row="1" Grid.RowSpan="6" Fill="#73B2F5"/>
      <Rectangle Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="5" Grid.RowSpan="6"
      Fill="#efefef"/>

      <!-- Month row -->
      <TextBlock Grid.ColumnSpan="7" Margin="0,5,0,5" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
        January 2004
      </TextBlock>

      <!-- Draws a separator under the days-of-the-week row -->

      <Rectangle Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="7" 
      Fill="Black" RadiusX="1" RadiusY="1" Height="2" Margin="0,20,0,0"/>

      <!-- Day-of-the-week row -->
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="0" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Sun</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="1" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Mon</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="2" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Tue</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="3" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Wed</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="4" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Thu</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="5" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Fri</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="6" Style="{StaticResource DayOfWeek}">Sat</TextBlock>

      <!-- Dates go here -->
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="4" Grid.Row="2" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">1</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="5" Grid.Row="2" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">2</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="6" Grid.Row="2" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">3</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">4</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">5</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="2" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">6</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="3" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">7</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="4" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">8</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="5" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">9</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="6" Grid.Row="3" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">10</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">11</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">12</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="2" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">13</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="3" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">14</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="4" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">15</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="5" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">16</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="6" Grid.Row="4" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">17</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">18</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">19</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="2" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">20</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="3" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">21</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="4" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">22</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="5" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">23</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="6" Grid.Row="5" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">24</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">25</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">26</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="2" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">27</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="3" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">28</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="4" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">29</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="5" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">30</TextBlock>
      <TextBlock Grid.Column="6" Grid.Row="6" Style="{StaticResource OneDate}">31</TextBlock>
    </Grid>
  </Border>
</Page>

다음 이미지는 결과 컨트롤인 사용자 지정 가능한 달력을 보여 줍니다.

Screenshot of the resulting control

참고 항목