IDirect3DDevice9::CreateAdditionalSwapChain method (d3d9helper.h)

Creates an additional swap chain for rendering multiple views.


HRESULT CreateAdditionalSwapChain(
  [in, out]     D3DPRESENT_PARAMETERS *pPresentationParameters,
  [out, retval] IDirect3DSwapChain9   **pSwapChain


[in, out] pPresentationParameters


Pointer to a D3DPRESENT_PARAMETERS structure, containing the presentation parameters for the new swap chain. This value cannot be NULL.

Calling this method changes the value of members of the D3DPRESENT_PARAMETERS structure.

  • If BackBufferCount == 0, calling CreateAdditionalSwapChain will increase it to 1.
  • If the application is in windowed mode, and if either the BackBufferWidth or the BackBufferHeight == 0, they will be set to the client area width and height of the hwnd.

[out, retval] pSwapChain

Type: IDirect3DSwapChain9**

Address of a pointer to an IDirect3DSwapChain9 interface, representing the additional swap chain.

Return value


If the method succeeds, the return value is D3D_OK. If the method fails, the return value can be one of the following: D3DERR_NOTAVAILABLE, D3DERR_DEVICELOST, D3DERR_INVALIDCALL, D3DERR_OUTOFVIDEOMEMORY, E_OUTOFMEMORY.


There is always at least one swap chain (the implicit swap chain) for each device because Direct3D 9 has one swap chain as a property of the device.

Note that any given device can support only one full-screen swap chain.

D3DFMT_UNKNOWN can be specified for the windowed mode back buffer format when calling IDirect3D9::CreateDevice, IDirect3DDevice9::Reset and CreateAdditionalSwapChain. This means the application does not have to query the current desktop format before calling CreateDevice for windowed mode. For full-screen mode, the back buffer format must be specified.


Target Platform Windows
Header d3d9helper.h (include D3D9.h)
Library D3D9.lib

See also


Presenting Multiple Views in Windowed Mode (Direct3D 9)